Kosmos 1684

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Kosmos 1684
Mission typeEarly warning
COSPAR ID1985-084A
SATCAT no.16064
Mission duration4 years [1]
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeUS-K [2]
Launch mass1,900 kilograms (4,200 lb)[3]
Start of mission
Launch date24 September 1985, 01:18 (1985-09-24UTC01:18Z) UTC
RocketMolniya-M/2BL[2]
Launch sitePlesetsk Cosmodrome[2][3]
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeMolniya [2]
Perigee597 kilometres (371 mi)[4]
Apogee39,753 kilometres (24,701 mi)[4]
Inclination62.9 degrees[4]
Period717.68 minutes[4]
 

Kosmos 1684 (Russian: Космос 1684 meaning Cosmos 1684) is a Soviet US-K missile early warning satellite which was launched in 1985 as part of the Soviet military's Oko programme. The satellite is designed to identify missile launches using optical telescopes and infrared sensors.[2]

Kosmos 1684 was launched from Site 43/4 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in the Russian SSR.[5] A Molniya-M carrier rocket with a 2BL upper stage was used to perform the launch, which took place at 01:18 UTC on 24 September 1985.[3] The launch successfully placed the satellite into a molniya orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 1985-084A.[3] The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 16064.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (PDF). Science and Global Security. 10: 21–60. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.692.6127. doi:10.1080/08929880212328. ISSN 0892-9882. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-15.
  2. ^ a b c d e "US-K (73D6)". Gunter's Space Page. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Cosmos 1684". National Space Science Data Centre. 2012-04-20. Retrieved 2012-04-25.
  4. ^ a b c d McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  5. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2 May 2012.