|Mission type||Solar research|
|Launch mass||291 kilograms (642 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||19 December 1967, 06:30:07UTC|
|Launch site||Kapustin Yar 86/1|
|End of mission|
|Decay date||7 July 1968|
|Perigee||220 kilometres (140 mi)|
|Apogee||810 kilometres (500 mi)|
Kosmos 196 (Russian: Космос 196 meaning Cosmos 196), also known as DS-U1-G No.2, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1967 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 291-kilogram (642 lb) spacecraft, which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used to study the effects of solar activity on the upper atmosphere.
A Kosmos-2I 63S1 carrier rocket was used to launch Kosmos 196 into low Earth orbit. The launch took place from Site 86/1 at Kapustin Yar. The launch occurred at 06:30:07 UTC on 19 December 1967, and resulted in the successfully insertion of the satellite into low Earth orbit. Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1967-125A. The North American Aerospace Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 03074.
Kosmos 196 was the second of two DS-U1-G satellites to be launched, after Kosmos 108. It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 220 kilometres (140 mi), an apogee of 810 kilometres (500 mi), 48.8 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 94.9 minutes. It completed operations on 7 February 1968. On 7 July 1968, it decayed from orbit and reentered the atmosphere.
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