Kosmos 197

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Kosmos 197
Mission type Technology
COSPAR ID 1967-126A
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type DS-U2-V
Manufacturer Yuzhnoye
Launch mass 325 kilograms (717 lb)[1]
Start of mission
Launch date 26 December 1967, 09:01:59 (1967-12-26UTC09:01:59Z) UTC
Rocket Kosmos-2I 63SM
Launch site Kapustin Yar 86/4
End of mission
Decay date 30 January 1968 (1968-01-31)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 213 kilometres (132 mi)
Apogee 456 kilometres (283 mi)
Inclination 48.4 degrees
Period 91.2 minutes

Kosmos 197 (Russian: Космос 197 meaning Cosmos 197), also known as DS-U2-V No.3, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1967 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 325-kilogram (717 lb) spacecraft,[2] which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used to conduct classified technology development experiments for the Soviet armed forces.[2]

A Kosmos-2I 63SM carrier rocket was used to launch Kosmos 197 into low Earth orbit. The launch took place from Site 86/4 at Kapustin Yar.[3] The launch occurred at 09:01:59 UTC on 26 December 1967, and resulted in the successful insertion of the satellite into orbit.[4] Upon reaching orbit, the satellite was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1967-126A.[5] The North American Aerospace Defense Command assigned it the catalogue number 03079.

Kosmos 197 was the third of four DS-U2-V satellites to be launched.[2][6] It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 213 kilometres (132 mi), an apogee of 456 kilometres (283 mi), 48.4 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 91.2 minutes.[7] On 30 January 1968, it decayed from orbit and reentered the atmosphere.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "World Civil Satellites 1957-2006". Space Security Index. Retrieved 2009-12-06. 
  2. ^ a b c Wade, Mark. "DS-U2-V". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-12-06. 
  3. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-12-06. 
  4. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-12-06. 
  5. ^ "Cosmos 197". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 2009-12-06. 
  6. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "DS-U2-V". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-12-06. 
  7. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-12-06.