Kosmos 2

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Kosmos 2
Mission typeTechnology
Ionosphere
Harvard designation1962 Iota 1
COSPAR ID1962-009A
SATCAT no.00269
Mission duration501 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type1MS
ManufacturerOKB-1
Launch mass285 kg [1]
Start of mission
Launch date6 April 1962, 17:16:00 GMT
RocketKosmos-2I 63S1
Launch siteKapustin Yar, Mayak-2
ContractorYuzhnoye
End of mission
Decay date20 August 1963
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric [2]
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude215 km
Apogee altitude1488 km
Inclination49.0°
Period102.5 minutes
Epoch6 April 1962
 

Kosmos 2 (Russian: Космос 2 meaning Cosmos 2), also known as 1MS No.1 and occasionally in the West as Sputnik 12 was a technology demonstration and a scientific research satellite launched by the Soviet Union in 1962. It was the second satellite to be designated under the Kosmos system, and the first spacecraft to be launched as part of the MS programme.

Spacecraft[edit]

Its primary missions were to develop systems for future satellites, and to record data about cosmic rays and radiation.[3] It had a mass of 285 kg.[1]

Mission[edit]

It was launched aboard Kosmos-2I 63S1 s/n 5LK.[4] It was the fourth flight of the Kosmos-2I, and the second to successfully reach orbit. The launch was conducted from Mayak-2 at Kapustin Yar, and occurred at 17:16:00 GMT on 6 April 1962.[5] Kosmos 2 was placed into a low Earth orbit with a perigee of 215 kilometres (134 mi), an apogee of 1,488 kilometres (925 mi), an inclination of 49.0°, and an orbital period of 102.5 minutes.[2] It decayed on 20 August 1963.[6]

Kosmos 2 was a 1MS satellite, the first of two to be launched.[3] The second was launched on 25 October 1962 but failed to reach orbit. The 1MS was the first of two types of MS satellite to be launched and was succeeded by the 2MS satellite.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Cosmos 2: Display 1962-009A". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. NASA. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ a b "Cosmos 2: Trajectory 1962-009A". nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. NASA. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "1MS". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2009.
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 23 May 2009.
  5. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 23 May 2009.
  6. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 23 May 2009.
  7. ^ Wade, Mark. "MS". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 23 May 2009.