Kosmos 2097

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Kosmos 2097
Mission type Early warning
COSPAR ID 1990-076A
SATCAT no. 20767
Mission duration 4 years [1]
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type US-K [2]
Launch mass 1,900 kilograms (4,200 lb)[3]
Start of mission
Launch date 28 August 1990, 07:49 (1990-08-28UTC07:49Z) UTC
Rocket Molniya-M/2BL[2]
Launch site Plesetsk Cosmodrome[2][3]
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Molniya [2]
Perigee 633 kilometres (393 mi)[4]
Apogee 39,737 kilometres (24,691 mi)[4]
Inclination 62.9 degrees[4]
Period 718.10 minutes[4]

Kosmos 2097 (Russian: Космос 2097 meaning Cosmos 2097) is a Russian US-K missile early warning satellite which was launched in 1990 as part of the Russian Space Forces' Oko programme. The satellite is designed to identify missile launches using optical telescopes and infrared sensors.[2]

Kosmos 2097 was launched from Site 43/4 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia.[5] A Molniya-M carrier rocket with a 2BL upper stage was used to perform the launch, which took place at 07:49 UTC on 28 August 1990.[3] The launch successfully placed the satellite into a molniya orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 1990-076A.[3] The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 20767.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (PDF). Science and Global Security. 10: 21–60. doi:10.1080/08929880212328. ISSN 0892-9882. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2012-03-15. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "US-K (73D6)". Gunter's Space Page. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Cosmos 2097". National Space Science Data Centre. 2012-04-20. Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  4. ^ a b c d McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  5. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2 May 2012.