Kosmos 2286

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Kosmos 2286
Mission type Early warning
COSPAR ID 1994-048A
SATCAT no. 23194
Mission duration 4 years [1]
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type US-K [2]
Launch mass 1,900 kilograms (4,200 lb)[3]
Start of mission
Launch date 05 August 1994, 01:12 (1994-08-05UTC01:12Z) UTC
Rocket Molniya-M/2BL[2]
Launch site Plesetsk Cosmodrome[2][3]
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Molniya [2]
Perigee 588 kilometres (365 mi)[4]
Apogee 39,755 kilometres (24,703 mi)[4]
Inclination 62.9 degrees[4]
Period 717.56 minutes[4]

Kosmos 2286 (Russian: Космос 2286 meaning Cosmos 2286) is a Russian US-K missile early warning satellite which was launched in 1994 as part of the Russian Space Forces' Oko programme. The satellite is designed to identify missile launches using optical telescopes and infrared sensors.[2]

Kosmos 2286 was launched from Site 16/2 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia.[5] A Molniya-M carrier rocket with a 2BL upper stage was used to perform the launch, which took place at 01:12 UTC on 5 August 1994.[3] The launch successfully placed the satellite into a molniya orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 1994-048A.[3] The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 23194.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (PDF). Science and Global Security. 10: 21–60. ISSN 0892-9882. doi:10.1080/08929880212328. Archived from the original (pdf) on 15 March 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "US-K (73D6)". Gunter's Space Page. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Cosmos 2286". National Space Science Data Centre. 2012-04-20. Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  4. ^ a b c d McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  5. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2 May 2012.