Kosmos 2430

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Kosmos 2430
Mission type Early warning
COSPAR ID 2007-049A
SATCAT no. 32268
Mission duration 4 years [1]
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type US-K [2]
Launch mass 1,900 kilograms (4,200 lb)[3]
Start of mission
Launch date 23 October 2007, 04:39 (2007-10-23UTC04:39Z) UTC
Rocket Molniya-M/2BL[2]
Launch site Plesetsk Cosmodrome[2][3]
End of mission
Deactivated May 2012?[4]
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Molniya [2]
Perigee 519 kilometres (322 mi)[5]
Apogee 39,175 kilometres (24,342 mi)[5]
Inclination 62.8 degrees[5]
Period 704.44 minutes[5]

Kosmos 2430 (Russian: Космос 2430 meaning Cosmos 2430) is a Russian US-K missile early warning satellite which was launched in 2007 as part of the Russian Space Forces' Oko programme.[6] The satellite is designed to identify missile launches using optical telescopes and infrared sensors.[2]

Kosmos 2430 was launched from Site 16/2 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia.[7] A Molniya-M carrier rocket with a 2BL upper stage was used to perform the launch, which took place at 04:39 UTC on 23 October 2007.[3] The launch successfully placed the satellite into a molniya orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 2007-049A.[3] The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 32268.[3]

In May 2012 it did not perform a manoeuvre and has drifted off station.[4]

Ground track of Kosmos 2430

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (PDF). Science and Global Security. 10: 21–60. ISSN 0892-9882. doi:10.1080/08929880212328. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2012-03-15. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "US-K (73D6)". Gunter's Space Page. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Cosmos 2430". National Space Science Data Centre. 2012-04-20. Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  4. ^ a b Pavel, Podvig (2012-11-13). "Changes in Russia's early warning satellite constellation". Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces. Retrieved 2012-11-28. 
  5. ^ a b c d McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  6. ^ Podvig, Pavel (October 23, 2007). "Launch of Cosmos-2430 early-warning satellite". Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces. Retrieved 18 May 2012. 
  7. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2 May 2012.