Kosmos 2441

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Kosmos 2441
Persona Vs Human.gif
Artist's impression of a Persona satellite
Mission type Reconnaissance
Operator VKS
COSPAR ID 2008-037A
SATCAT № 33272
Mission duration 3-5 years (planned)
~2 months (achieved)
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Persona
Manufacturer TsSKB Progress
Vavilov State Optical Institute
NPO Opteks
Launch mass ~7,000 kilograms (15,000 lb)[1]
Start of mission
Launch date 26 July 2008, 18:31:36 (2008-07-26UTC18:31:36Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-2-1b
Launch site Plesetsk 43/4
End of mission
Last contact ~September 2008 (2008-10)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Sun-synchronous
Perigee 714 kilometres (444 mi)[2]
Apogee 732 kilometres (455 mi)[2]
Inclination 98.3 degrees[2]
Epoch 31 July 2008[2]

Kosmos 2441 (Russian: Космос 2441 meaning Cosmos 2441), also known as Persona No.1, was a Russian optical reconnaissance satellite launched in 2008. The first Persona satellite, it failed a few months into its mission, which was scheduled to have lasted three to five years. It was the first Russian reconnaissance satellite to be placed into a sun-synchronous orbit.[3]

Kosmos 2441 was launched by a Soyuz-2-1b carrier rocket flying from Site 43/4 of the Plesetsk Cosmodrome. The launch took place at 18:31:36 UTC on 26 July 2008,[4] and marked the first Soyuz-2-1b launch from Plesetsk. Following its successful deployment the satellite was given its Kosmos designation, and was assigned the International Designator 2008-037A and Satellite Catalog Number 33272.[5]

In February 2009, it was reported that Kosmos 2441 had failed shortly after launch.[6] The date of the failure was not announced, however the satellite was last seen to manoeuvre in September 2008.[7] The cause of the failure was reported to be an electrical problem, possibly caused by higher radiation levels encountered by the satellite in sun-synchronous orbit compared to previous satellites in lower-inclination orbits.[6] The next Persona satellite was not launched until 2013, when it was placed into orbit as Kosmos 2486.[8]


  1. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "Persona (14F137)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d McDowell, Jonathan (12 August 2008). "Issue 598". Jonathan's Space Report. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 
  3. ^ Podvig, Pavel (26 July 2008). "Launch of Cosmos-2441 - first Persona optical reconnaissance satellite". RussianForces.org. 
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 
  5. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Zak, Anatoly. "Persona (14F137) spy satellite". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 
  7. ^ Podvig, Pavel (13 February 2009). "Persona satellite failure". RussianForces.org. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 
  8. ^ Podvig, Pavel (7 June 2013). "Launch of Cosmos-2486 - Persona optical reconnaissance satellite". RussianForces.org. Retrieved 29 June 2013.