Kosmos 2470

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kosmos 2470
Mission type Geodesy
Operator VKS
COSPAR ID 2011-005A
SATCAT no. 37362
Mission duration Launch failure
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Geo-IK-2
Manufacturer ISS Reshetnev
Launch mass 1,400 kilograms (3,100 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 1 February 2011, 14:00:14 (2011-02-01UTC14:00:14Z) UTC[1]
Rocket Rokot/Briz-KM
Launch site Plesetsk 133/3
End of mission
Last contact 1 March 2011 (2011-04)
Decay date 15 July 2013
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 320 kilometres (200 mi)
Apogee 1,052 kilometres (654 mi)
Inclination 99.4 degrees
Period 98.48 minutes
Epoch 8 February 2011[2]

Kosmos 2470 (Russian: Космос 2470 meaning Cosmos 2470),[3] also known as Geo-IK-2 No.11, is a Russian geodesy satellite which was launched in 2011. The first Geo-IK-2 satellite, it was intended to be used to create a three-dimensional map of the Earth's surface, and to monitor plate tectonics.[4] The satellite was produced by ISS Reshetnev, and has a mass of around 1,400 kilograms (3,100 lb).[5] It was intended to operate in a circular orbit at an altitude of around 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) above the Earth's surface; however, it was placed into a lower than planned orbit after its launch failed.[6]

Geo-IK-2 No.11 was launched by a Rokot rocket with a Briz-KM upper stage. The launch took place from Site 133/3 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome, at 14:00 UTC on 1 February 2011. The Rokot performed as expected, and the Briz-KM made the first of two burns to place the satellite into its operational orbit. When the second burn was scheduled to begin, the Briz-KM failed to reignite, leaving the spacecraft in its transfer orbit.[4] Controllers were unable to make contact with the satellite after launch as had been expected, although a day after launch they were able to establish communications with it. Before its orbit decayed from low Earth orbit, it flew a perigee of 368.8 kilometres (229.2 mi) and an apogee of 1,021.1 kilometres (634.5 mi), inclined at 99.4 degrees.[7]

On 24 February 2011, Deputy Defence Minister Vladimir Popovkin announced that the satellite would be unable to fulfill its mission and thus would not be used by Russian defence forces. He added that it might still be possible to use the satellite for "checking control systems".[8] On 1 March the satellite's orientation systems malfunctioned, and the spacecraft moved out of alignment with the Sun, resulting in its solar panels being unable to generate electricity. The spacecraft subsequently began to tumble. Engineers believed that it was unlikely that control would be re-established.[9]

It re-entered Earth's atmosphere on July 15, 2013.[10]


  1. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  2. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  3. ^ "New geodetic satellite failed to reach working orbit". Russianforces.org. 1 February 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Russia lost GEO-IK-2 satellite". AvioNews. 3 February 2011. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  5. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "Geo-IK-2 (Musson-2, 14F31)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  6. ^ Washington Times, "Report: Russia Loses Control Of Satellite", 2 February 2011, p. 7.
  7. ^ Zak, Anatoly. "Geo-IK-2 (Musson-2; 14F31) satellite". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  8. ^ "Russian Military Abandons Defense Satellite After Failed Launch". RIA Novosti. 24 February 2011. Archived from the original on 6 March 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  9. ^ "Гео-ИК" окончательно геоикнулся (in Russian). Kommersant. 2 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 March 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2011. 
  10. ^ Aerospace - GEO IK