Kosmos 605

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kosmos 605 / Bion 1
Mission type Bioscience
Operator Institute of Biomedical Problems
COSPAR ID 1973-083A
SATCAT № 06913
Mission duration 21.5 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Bion
Manufacturer TsSKB
Launch mass 5,500 kilograms (12,100 lb)
Landing mass 900 kilograms (2,000 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 31 October 1973, 18:24:59 (1973-10-31UTC18:24:59Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U
Launch site Plesetsk 43/3
End of mission
Landing date 22 November 1973, 07:12 (1973-11-22UTC07:13Z) UTC
Landing site 53°29′N 65°27′E / 53.483°N 65.450°E / 53.483; 65.450 (Bion 1 spashdown)
Sarykol, Kazakh SSR, USSR
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime LEO
Eccentricity 0.0130338
Perigee 212 kilometres (132 mi)
Apogee 386 kilometres (240 mi)
Inclination 62.7999º
Period 93.1 minutes
RAAN 192.1415 degrees
Argument of perigee 113.7984 degrees
Mean anomaly 247.6840 degrees
Mean motion 15.91198635
Epoch 19 November 1973, 22:36:39 UTC[1]
Revolution number 305

Kosmos 605 (Russian: Космос 605 meaning Cosmos 605), or Bion No.1 was a Bion satellite.

Mission[edit]

It carried several dozen male rats (possibly 25[2] or 45[3]), six Russian tortoises (Agrionemys horsfieldii)[4] (each in a separate box), a mushroom bed, flour beetles (Tribolium confusum[3]) in various stages of their life cycle, and living bacterial spores. It provided data on the reaction of mammal, reptile, insect, fungal, and bacterial forms to prolonged weightlessness.[5]

Launch[edit]

Kosmos 605 was launched by a Soyuz-U rocket flying from Site 43/3 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in the Soviet Union. The satellite was initially launched in a low Earth orbit with a perigee of 221 kilometers and a 424 km apogee with an orbital inclination of 62.8 degrees. The spacecraft orbited the Earth for 21 days until their biological capsule returned to Earth on November 22, 1973 in a region of northwestern present-day Kazakhstan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chris Peat. COSMOS 605. Heavens-Above. Retrieved 2016-06-18.
  2. ^ Brian Harvey, Olga Zakutnyaya (2011). Russian Space Probes. Springer. p. 448. doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-8150-9. ISBN 978-1-4419-8149-3. Retrieved 2014-03-08. 
  3. ^ a b "PowerPoint Presentation" (PDF). 130.26.92.88. Retrieved 2014-03-08. 
  4. ^ Bion 1 Data Archive
  5. ^ "NASA - NSSDC - Spacecraft - Details". Nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. 2013-08-16. Retrieved 2014-03-08.