Kosmos 803

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Kosmos 803
Mission typeASAT target
COSPAR ID1976-014A
SATCAT no.08688Edit this on Wikidata
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeLira
ManufacturerYuzhnoye
Launch mass650 kilograms (1,430 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date12 February 1976, 13:00 (1976-02-12UTC13Z) UTC
RocketKosmos-3M
Launch sitePlesetsk 132/2
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude505 kilometres (314 mi)
Apogee altitude555 kilometres (345 mi)
Inclination65.9 degrees
Period95.2 minutes
 

Kosmos 803 (Russian: Космос 803 meaning Cosmos 803) was a satellite which was used as a target for tests of anti-satellite weapons. It was launched by the Soviet Union in 1976 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme,[1] and used as a target for Kosmos 804 and Kosmos 814, as part of the Istrebitel Sputnik programme.[2]

It was launched aboard a Kosmos-3M carrier rocket,[3] from Site 132/2 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome. The launch occurred at 13:00 UTC on 12 February 1976.[4]

Kosmos 803 was placed into a low Earth orbit with a perigee of 505 kilometres (314 mi), an apogee of 555 kilometres (345 mi), 65.9 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 95.2 minutes.[1] It was used for a non-destructive intercept test, with both Kosmos 804 and Kosmos 814 intercepting it before deorbiting themselves. As of 2009, it is still in orbit.[2][5]

Kosmos 803 was the second of ten Lira satellites to be launched,[1] of which all but the first were successful. It was the first Lira satellite to successfully reach orbit. Lira was derived from the earlier DS-P1-M satellite, which it replaced.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Wade, Mark. "DS-P1-M". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 5 January 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2009.
  2. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "IS-A". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2009.
  3. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 May 2009.
  4. ^ Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 3". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 30 May 2009.
  5. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 May 2009.