Kosrat Rasul Ali

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Kosrat Rasul Ali
Kosrat Rasul.jpg
Vice President of Iraqi Kurdistan
Assumed office
June 14, 2005
President Massoud Barzani
2nd Prime Minister of PUK-controlled Kurdistan
In office
26 April 1993 – 21 January 2001
President Jalal Talebani
Personal details
Political party Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
Religion Muslim

Kosrat Rasul Ali is a Kurdish politician, veteran Peshmerga military leader and vice president of the KRG[1]

Early life[edit]

He was born in 1952 as Abdulla Rasul in the oil-rich village of Shiwashok near the city of Koya which is in the province of Erbil. His father was Rasul Ali, who worked for the oil company near the village. The family was well known in the area. Ali was educated at two schools and at mosque teachings. He used his own identification for day school and that of his dead brother for night school. He then went to study at Varna in Bulgaria.[citation needed]

Peshmerga[edit]

Kosrat has reputation for ferocity in a country where everyone considers himself a fighter,[2]Kosrat's body is a roadmap of scars[3]

In 1975, after returning home from Bulgaria, Ali joined the Kurdistan Democratic Party to participate in the Kurdish Aylul revolution. The same year the revolution came to an end he joined with the Komala party and he played a role in supervising student activities. In 1976, along with a number of his colleagues, he founded Kurdistan Students Group in Kerkuk. In 1977 he was arrested with 12 others by Bath Party agents and was imprisoned for several months during which time he was tortured. Later on that year, he and three of the others were released without having admitted any guilt. He joined the Peshmarga fighters in the mountains, taking 180,000 Iraqi Dinars from the agriculture market center in Erbil and gave it to Peshmarga. It was a noticeable financial support for Peshmarga at the time.[citation needed] Kosrat is known as the strongman of Erbil city and its surroundings[4] he has a reputation for bravery[5]

Kosrat become a politburo member of Komala and of secret branches in 1981. In 1984 he was elected chief of the fourth center of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and held the post until 1988. By this time he was well known by the Bath regime for his activities, which were mostly operated from Smaquli village, outside Erbil. Somewhere at this point in an air strike by regime forces two of his sons lost their lives while trying to get to safety. They were aged 9 and 10.[citation needed]

When the Iraqi army invaded Kuwait in 1991, Kosrat held a major role in the uprisings, he participated and supervised the liberation of the Kurdish cities among them Shaqlawa, Hawler and Kirkuk. Kosrat accompanied by two Peshmarga had entered in two the city of Shaqlawa and located the person in charge of the city and made sure no resistance were made against Peshmarga. Shaqlawa was liberated without any resistance. In Hawler the people had attempted to liberate the city but were unsuccessful. Alongside the Pesharmga the people of Hawler managed to liberate the city on 11 March and Kosrat was the first commander to enter. He walked from the city citadel to the governors office alongside the people.[citation needed] Kosrat, as a native of Erbil, enjoyed huge support within the city and is described as being charismatic figure[6]

Patriotic Union of Kurdistan[edit]

He is the first deputy Secretary General of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and currently acting secretary general performing the duties of Jalal Talabani. He in 2001 becomes Executive Director of PUK politburo.

Iraqi Kurdistan Parliament[edit]

In 1992 elected as Member of Kurdistan Parliament

Kurdistan Regional Government[edit]

Kosrat held the post of prime minister from 1993 to 2001, in the second cabinet (1993-1996) and third cabinet (1996-2001).[7] he was succeeded by Barham Salih in 2001.

Kurdistan Presidency Council[edit]

Kosrat has held the post of Vice President twice 2005 to 2009 and 2009 to present.[8] As Vice President he has called on Turkey to return to peace talks[9] Kosrat has long reiterated the need to forge a single Kurdish army[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lawrence, Quil (26 May 2009). Invisible Nation How the Kurds' Quest for Statehood Is Shaping Iraq and the Middle East (1st ed.). USA: Bloomsbury Publishing USA. p. 49. ISBN 9780802718815. 
  2. ^ Lawrence, Quil (26 May 2009). Invisible Nation How the Kurds' Quest for Statehood Is Shaping Iraq and the Middle East (1st ed.). USA: Bloomsbury Publishing USA. p. 106. ISBN 9780802718815. 
  3. ^ Lawrence, Quil (26 May 2009). Invisible Nation: How the Kurds' Quest for Statehood Is Shaping Iraq and the Middle East (1st ed.). USA: Bloomsbury Publishing USA. p. 90. ISBN 9780802718815. 
  4. ^ Dawod, Hosham (2006). The Kurds: Nationalism and Politics (1st ed.). 178: Saqi. ISBN 0863568254. 
  5. ^ Galbraith, Peter W. (2008). The End of Iraq: How American Incompetence Created a War Without End. Simon and Schuster. p. 62. ISBN 1847396127. 
  6. ^ Stansfield, Gareth R. V. (29 Aug 2003). Iraqi Kurdistan: Political Development and Emergent Democracy. Routledge. pp. 150, 151. ISBN 1134414161. 
  7. ^ Hazelton, Fran (1994). Iraq since the Gulf war: prospects for democracy (1st ed.). University of Michigan: Zed Books. p. 132. ISBN 1856492311. 
  8. ^ Evans, Mike (May 2007). The Final Move Beyond Iraq: The Final Solution While the World Sleeps. FrontLine. p. 197. ISBN 978-1-59979-188-3. Retrieved 8 August 2011. 
  9. ^ Battistini, Francesco (12 December 2016). "Il Leone dei curdi «La Turchia? In crisi ma Erdogan pensa solo al suo potere»Il Leone dei curdi «La Turchia? In crisi ma Erdogan pensa solo al suo potere»". Corriere. Retrieved 14 February 2017. 
  10. ^ Fumerton, Mario (23 July 2014). "Kurdistan's Political Armies: The Challenge of Unifying the Peshmerga Forces". Carnegie. Retrieved 14 February 2017. 

External links[edit]