Kostanay

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Kostanay
Қостанай
Skyline of Kostanay
Flag of Kostanay
Flag
Official seal of Kostanay
Seal
Kostanay is located in Kazakhstan
Kostanay
Kostanay
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 53°12′N 63°37′E / 53.20°N 63.62°E / 53.20; 63.62Coordinates: 53°12′N 63°37′E / 53.20°N 63.62°E / 53.20; 63.62
Country Kazakhstan
Region Kostanay Region
Founded 1879
Incorporated (city) 1893
Government
 • Akim (mayor) Kairat Sandybekov
Area
 • Total 240 km2 (90 sq mi)
Highest elevation 185 m (607 ft)
Lowest elevation 125 m (410 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 217,135
 • Density 900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zone Asia/Almaty (UTC+6)
Postal code 110000
Area code(s) +7 7142[1]
Vehicle registration P
Website www.kostanay-city.kz

Kostanay (Kazakh: Қостанай, Qostanay, قوستاناي) is a city located on the Tobol River in northern Kazakhstan. It was known as Nikolayevsk (Russian: Николаевск) until 1895 and then as Kustanay (Russian: Кустанай) until 1997. Kostanay is the administrative center of the Kostanay Region.

History[edit]

Kostanay was founded by Russian settlers in 1879 and named Nikolaevsk, in honor of Tsar Nicholas II.[2] In 1888, the town had more than 3,000 inhabitants involved in the building of a mill and a brewery, which are still operational. In 1893, Kostanay was granted city status. The Red Army took control in 1918 and changed the city's name to Kostanay. The Kostanay Region was established in 1936 with its administrative center in Kostanay. In 2009, the city population was 214,916 (2009 Census results).[3]


Public institutions[edit]

In Kostanay, there are five institutions of higher education. There are also 22 high schools which educate over 12,200 students. The state network of culture lists 381 libraries, 201 club establishments, 8 museums, and 2 theatres. Athletic facilities include 2 sports arenas, 26 stadiums, 10 sports complexes and 567 sports halls.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kustanay
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −13
(9)
−12
(10)
−5
(23)
8
(47)
19
(67)
25
(77)
27
(80)
25
(77)
18
(65)
8
(47)
−2
(28)
−10
(14)
7.3
(45.3)
Average low °C (°F) −23
(−9)
−22
(−8)
−17
(2)
−3
(27)
6
(42)
11
(52)
13
(56)
11
(52)
6
(42)
−2
(28)
−11
(12)
−19
(−3)
−4.2
(24.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 23
(0.9)
18
(0.7)
18
(0.7)
18
(0.7)
30
(1)
56
(2.2)
61
(2.4)
30
(1)
33
(1.3)
30
(1.2)
20
(0.8)
10
(0.4)
347
(13.3)
Source: Weatherbase[4]

Culture[edit]

Coin with Kostanay

Kostanay has a rich historical-cultural heritage. The regional center includes a Sunni mosque, the Regional Administration Building, Kostanay State University, the Kostanay Regional Memorial Museum of Altynsarin, the Kazakh Drama Theatre, Central Square and a railway station. Historical monuments include the Ybyrai Altynsarin monument, the Akhmet Baitursynov monument, a memorial dedicated to victims of the Second World War, the "Execution wall" (where Alexander Kolchak's army officers were executed by Red Army soldiers), and the Alexander Pushkin monument.

Transportation[edit]

Soyuz TMA-06M crew members are greeted at the Kostanay Airport

Kostanay is connected by road with the following cities in Russia: Chelyabinsk, Magnitogorsk, Troitsk, Yekaterinburg, Kurgan and Tyumen. It is also connected to Astana and Almaty in Kazakhstan. Fifty-three railway stations carry passengers and cargo from the city. Oil is delivered by rail from Russia as well as oil refineries in Kazakhstan.

Kostanay International Airport handles common and charter flights to many cities in Kazakhstan, former Soviet republics, Germany (Frankfurt and Hanover), the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, and other countries. The airport also functions as a local port of entry and customs checkpoint.

Sport[edit]

Kostanay is home to the FC Tobol football club, based in the Kostanay Central Stadium, which participates in the Kazakhstan Super League. Kostanay also has a basketball team, BK Tobol Kostanay, which participates in the Kazakhstan Basketball Cup. The city has an ice rink for winter sports, and in 2016, a team participated in the national bandy championship in Khromtau for junior players born in 1999-2000.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CODE OF ACCESS
  2. ^ "Kostanay city". visitkazakhstan.kz. Retrieved 2015-10-06. 
  3. ^ "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Kustanay, Kazakhstan". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  5. ^ "С 21 по 24 января 2016г. на стадионе «Горняк» г. Хромтау стартовал Чемпионат Республики Казахстан по хоккею с мячом среди юниоров 1999-2000 г.р.". Hromtau.aktobe.gov.kz. Retrieved September 5, 2016. 

External links[edit]