Kostanay

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Kostanay
Қостанай
Skyline of Kostanay
Flag of Kostanay
Flag
Official seal of Kostanay
Seal
Kostanay is located in Kazakhstan
Kostanay
Kostanay
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 53°12′N 63°37′E / 53.20°N 63.62°E / 53.20; 63.62Coordinates: 53°12′N 63°37′E / 53.20°N 63.62°E / 53.20; 63.62
Country Kazakhstan
Region Kostanay Region
Founded 1879
Incorporated (city) 1893
Government
 • Akim (mayor) Kairat Sandybekov
Area
 • Total 240 km2 (90 sq mi)
Highest elevation 185 m (607 ft)
Lowest elevation 125 m (410 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 217,135
 • Density 900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zone Asia/Almaty (UTC+6)
Postal code 110000
Area code(s) +7 7142[1]
Vehicle registration P
Website www.kostanay-city.kz

Kostanay (Kazakh: Қостанай / Qostanay) is a city located on the Tobol River in northern Kazakhstan. It was known as Nikolayevsk (Russian: Николаевск) until 1895 and then as Kustanay (Russian: Кустанай) until 1997. Kostanay is the administrative center of the Kostanay Region. Population: 214,916 (2009 Census results);[2]222,816 (1999 Census results).[2]

History[edit]

Kostanay was founded by Russian settlers in 1879[3] and named Nikolaevsk, in honor of Tsar Nicholas II. In 1888, the town had more than 3,000 inhabitants involved in the building of a mill and a brewery, which is still operational. In 1893, the town was incorporated as a city. The Red Army took control in 1918 and changed the city's name to Kostanay. The Kostanay Region was established in 1936 with its administrative center in Kostanay. In 1989, the city had about 275,000 citizens.[citation needed]

Public institutions[edit]

In Kostanay, there are 5 institutions of higher education. There are also 22 high schools in which over 12,200 students are educated. The state network of culture totals 380 libraries, 201 club establishments, 8 museums, and 2 theatres. There are numerous athletic facilities; 2 sports arenas, 26 stadiums, 10 sports complexes and 567 sports halls.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kustanay
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −13
(9)
−12
(10)
−5
(23)
8
(47)
19
(67)
25
(77)
27
(80)
25
(77)
18
(65)
8
(47)
−2
(28)
−10
(14)
7.3
(45.3)
Average low °C (°F) −23
(−9)
−22
(−8)
−17
(2)
−3
(27)
6
(42)
11
(52)
13
(56)
11
(52)
6
(42)
−2
(28)
−11
(12)
−19
(−3)
−4.2
(24.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 23
(0.9)
18
(0.7)
18
(0.7)
18
(0.7)
30
(1)
56
(2.2)
61
(2.4)
30
(1)
33
(1.3)
30
(1.2)
20
(0.8)
10
(0.4)
347
(13.3)
Source: Weatherbase[4]

Culture[edit]

Coin with Kostanay

Kostanay is rich in historical-cultural heritage. The regional center includes a Sunni Muslim mosque, the Building of Regional Administration, the Kostanay State University, the Altynsarin Regional memorial museum, the Kazakh Drama Theatre, the Central Square, and a railway station. Historical monuments include: I. Altynsarin monument, the Bust to Two Heroes of Soviet Union (I. F. Pavlov and L. I. Beda), the A. Baitursynov monument, the Memorial complex of the memory of victims of the Second World War, A. Imanov bust, L.I. Taranu Bust, the B. Majlinu Monument, "Execution wall" (where Alexander Kolchak's army officers were executed by Red Army soldiers), and the Alexander Pushkin monument. For details, see the city's interactive map.

Communications and transportation[edit]

Soyuz TMA-06M crew members are greeted at the Kostanay Airport

The main transit roads connect the regional center with the following cities in Russia: Chelyabinsk, Magnitogorsk, Troitsk, Yekaterinburg, Kurgan and Tyumen. They also connect to Astana, Almaty, in Kazakhstan, and surrounding areas. The length of the railways is 1048 km. Fifty-three stations process cargo and passenger transportation. Oil is delivered by rail from Russia as well as oil refineries in Kazakhstan.

The runways of the airport of Kostanay can accept the following types of airplanes: Tu-134, Tu-154, An-22, Il-86 and some Boeing airliners. From Kostanay International Airport there are regular and charter flights to many cities in Kazakhstan, many former Soviet republics, Germany (Frankfurt and Hanover), the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, and others. The airport also functions as a local port of entry and customs checkpoint.

The local telecommunications company in the Kostanay region is a branch of Kazakhtelecom.

Sport[edit]

Kostanay is home to the FC Tobol football team, based out of the Kostanay Central Stadium, which participates in the Kazakhstan Super League. In addition, the city also has the basketball team BK Tobol Kostanay, participating in the Kazakhstan Basketball Cup, as well as a local ice rink for winter sports.

References[edit]

  1. ^ CODE OF ACCESS
  2. ^ a b "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Kostanay city". visitkazakhstan.kz. Retrieved 2015-10-06. 
  4. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Kustanay, Kazakhstan". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.

External links[edit]