Kostiantynivka

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Kostiantynivka
Костянтинівка
City
Дом культуры "Химик" 10.jpg
Константиновка. Железнодорожный вокзал 11.jpg
Свято-Успенский храм.jpg
Flag of Kostiantynivka
Coat of arms of Kostiantynivka
Kostiantynivka is located in Donetsk Oblast
Kostiantynivka
Kostiantynivka
Kostiantynivka is located in Ukraine
Kostiantynivka
Kostiantynivka
Coordinates: 48°32′N 37°43′E / 48.533°N 37.717°E / 48.533; 37.717
Country Ukraine
Oblast Donetsk Oblast
RaionKostiantynivka Raion
Founded1870
Area
66 km2 (25 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)
68,792

Kostiantynivka (Ukrainian: Костянтинівка, pronounced [kosʲtʲɐnˈtɪn⁽ʲ⁾iu̯kɐ]; Russian: Константиновка) is an industrial city in the Donetsk Oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine, on the Kryvyi Torets [uk] river. Administratively, it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. It also serves as the administrative center of Kostiantynivka Raion (district), though it does not belong to it. It's also known as Kostyantynivka or Konstantinovka. It developed in the Soviet era into a major centre for the production of iron, zinc, steel and glass. Its population is approximately 68,792 (2021 est.)[1].

Grave of Soviet soldiers in Kostiantynivka
City Hall

History[edit]

In 1870 Kostiantynivka was founded by a land owner named Nomikossov who built the settlement in honor of his oldest son, Kostiantyn. In the beginning of the 20th century Kostiantynivka developed into an industrial settlement, and was later raised into the rank of an urban type (1926). In 1932 Kostyantynivka was granted municipal rights.

During the Russian military intervention in Ukraine, the town was captured in mid-April 2014[2][3] by pro-Russian separatists.[4] The city was eventually retaken by Ukrainian forces on 7 July 2014, along with Druzhkivka.[5][6] In September 2014, refugees extensively arrived in the town from occupied territories. People came to buy cheaper essential products, as well as to arrange pensions and social benefits in the municipal institutions. At the same time, the mechanism of receiving benefits and social payments for migrants at a new place of residence was simplified. The city began to operate a refugee housing center.

Russian Invasion of Ukraine 2022[edit]

Beginning on February 24, the Russians began their invasion of Ukraine. In the first few hours of the war, Konstantinovka was struck by missiles targeting a local military base. The area was occasionally shelled and bombarded during Russia's "phase one" of its invasion. Konstantinovka saw more bombardment in the "Second Phase" of the war, in which the Russians focused their attack to the east of Ukraine. Konstantinovka saw heavy shelling and missile attacks, targeting fuel depots and power plants. As it was near near the frontlines, residents of the city could hear shelling and fighting daily. The city has remained in Ukrainian control, but has suffered from Russian strikes.

Konstantinovka was hit by a Russian hypersonic Kh-47M2 Kinzhal missile, which Russia gloated about in the press. The missile hit a fuel depot and caused a fire in the city. The usage of a hypersonic missile, which hit a large fuel depot, was confirmed by U.S. president Joe Biden.[7]

Transport[edit]

Kostiantynivka formerly had a tram network, which towards the end of its service suffered from increasingly disrupted traffic. The tram system first opened in 1931, closed in 2004 and reopened in 2005. In World War II, the tram infrastructure was destroyed by the retreating Wehrmacht in 1943 and restored in 1944. During Nazi occupation, trams operated in coupled pairs, with one carriage for civilians and the other for soldiers. In 2012, 150 meters of the overhead network were stolen. For a while, the tram company had been unprofitable and thus threatened the closure of route 3. It remained open until 2014, due to complaints sent to the city office,[8] though it would nonetheless close in 2014 due to the 'poor condition of the northern overpass'. From 2015 on, only one car was operable, with all others lacking bogies. In the same year, tram traffic closed, due to construction work on the Severniy railway viaduct, closing the final route 4. However, work on the viaduct never occurred, and tram traffic was restored using only 1 car on route 4. When 2 km of contact was stolen around 26 December 2016, the operator could not afford to repair the stolen infrastructure, so it was formally liquidated on 29 March 2018.[9]

Demographics[edit]

As of the Ukrainian Census of 2001:[10]

Ethnicity
  • Ukrainians: 59.3%
  • Russians: 37.7%
  • Armenians: 1.0%
  • Belarusians: 0.5%
  • Azerbaijanis: 0.3%
  • Jews: 0.2%
Language

References[edit]

  1. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  2. ^ Ragozin, Leonid (16 April 2014). "Vladimir Putin Is Accidentally Bringing Eastern and Western Ukraine Together". The New Republic.
  3. ^ "Donbass defenders put WWII tank back into service".
  4. ^ http://www.croatiantimes.com/news/Around_the_World/2014-06-13/35768/Working_Tank_On_Plinth_Inspires_Army_To_Plunder_Museums[dead link]
  5. ^ "Ukrainian government troops target further gains". Market Watch (The Wall Street Journal). July 6, 2014.
  6. ^ "Ukrinform News". www.ukrinform.ua.
  7. ^ Peck, Michael (2022-03-22). "Putin's Hypersonic Missile Attacks on Ukraine: A Sign the Invasion Has Failed?". 19FortyFive. Retrieved 2022-05-10.
  8. ^ "Трамвайный вопрос: на грани разума и маразма | Костянтинівка в дзеркалі Провінції". konstantinovka.com.ua. Retrieved 2021-05-20.
  9. ^ "Konstiantynivka Chronology of tram". transphoto.org.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ "Офіційна сторінка Всеукраїнського перепису населення". www.ukrcensus.gov.ua.
  11. ^ "Fighting rages in Ukraine as Russian troops claim city". France 24. 2022-03-02. Retrieved 2022-05-10.
  12. ^ "Ukraine Interactive map - Ukraine Latest news on live map - liveuamap.com". Ukraine Interactive map - Ukraine Latest news on live map - liveuamap.com. Retrieved 2022-05-10.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°32′N 37°43′E / 48.533°N 37.717°E / 48.533; 37.717