Kostrad

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Kostrad
Lambang Kostrad.png
Insignia of Kostrad
Active 1961 – present
Country  Indonesia
Branch Indonesian Army
Type
  • Army Strategic Command Force
  • Army combat command[1]
Role combat and warfare reserve corps
Size 27,000 (1998)[2]
Part of Indonesian National Armed Forces Tentara Nasional Indonesia (TNI)
Headquarters Jakarta
Nickname(s) Cakra
Motto(s) Dharma Putra
Anniversaries 6th of March
Commanders
Kostrad Commander Lieutenant General Edy Rahmayadi
Kostrad Chief of Staff Major General Cucu Sumantri
Insignia
Identification
symbol
Logo Kostrad-TNI AD.png

Kostrad (Komando Strategis Angkatan Darat: "Army Strategic Command") is a formation of the Indonesian Army. Kostrad is a Corps level command which has up to 35,000 troops. It also supervises operational readiness among all commands and conducts defence and security operations at the strategic level in accordance with policies of the TNI commander. Kostrad is the main basic warfare combat unit of the Indonesian Army, while Kopassus is the elite-special forces of the Indonesian Army, Kostrad still maintains as the first-line combat unit of the TNI below the Kopassus.[1] This corps has two divisions which are:

As a corps, Kostrad is commanded by a Panglima (Commander), usually a lieutenant general. Kostrad falls under the army chief of staff for training, personnel, and administration.[3] However, it comes under the Commander-in-Chief of the Indonesian National Armed Forces for operational command and deployment. Kostrad typically receives best equipments in the Army and its two armoured battalions will soon receive Leopard 2A4 and Leopard 2 Revolution tanks.

Starting 1984 the Panglima of Kostrad (Pangkostrad) has been charged to lead the conduct of combat operations, called defence and security operations.

History[edit]

Kostrad came into being during military action for Indonesia's take over of Western New Guinea in 1960, and was formally constituted on 6 March 1961.[4] Initially designated the Army General Reserve Corps, its name was changed to Kostrad in 1963.

General Suharto, was appointed as the first head of Kostrad in 1961, and it was in this role that he was able assert the army's control in the days following the abortive coup attempt on the evening of 30 September 1965, which ultimately led to Suharto replacing Sukarno as Indonesian president.

The command's troops have fought in most Indonesian military operations since their formation, such as G-30-S/PKI (30 September Movement/Indonesian Communist Party), Trisula, the PGRS (Sarawak People's Guerrilla Force) in Sarawak, the PARAKU (North Kalimantan People's Force) in North Kalimantan, and Operation Seroja in East Timor.

Kostrad troops have also been used beyond Indonesia's borders, as was the case with Garuda Contingent in Egypt (1973–78) and Vietnam (1973–75) and with those in the United Nations Iran–Iraq Military Observer Group in the midst of the Iran–Iraq War of 1989 and 1990.

Function & Main Tasks[edit]

Kostrad Headquarters in Central Jakarta

Based on the Decree of the Armed Forces Commander Number: Kep / 09 / III / 1985 dated March 6, 1985 on the Principles of Organization and the task of the Strategic Command of the Armed Forces (Kostrad), it is stipulated that Kostrad as the Main Coaching Command is directly under the Army chief of staff while The Kostrad Operational Main Command is directly under the Armed Forces (TNI) Commander. Kostrad was principally responsible for fostering operational readiness on all of its command lines and conducting Strategic Defense Security Operations in accordance with the policy of the TNI Commander. To carry out these tasks, Kostrad organizes and carries out the main functions in the development of strength, combat and administration, the military's organic functions both intelligence, operations and training, personnel coaching, logistics, and territorial as well as the organic function of coaching in planning, controlling and supervision.

In the organizational field, Kostrad has an organizational structure established by the Chief of Staff of the Army based on the Decree of the Head of the Chief of Regulation No. Kep / 9 / III / 85 dated March 6, 1985. Kostrad is headed by a Lieutenant-General Army Commander. In the daily duties of the Army Commander is assisted by a Chief of Staff of the rank of Major General of the TNI, the auxiliary elements of the Staff, namely Personal Staff (Spri), Kostrad Inspectorate (Ir Kostrad), and Kostrad General Staffs, the Assistant Chief of Staff who served as the supervisor of the implementation of their respective activities. Each field of activity, while the implementing elements in Kostrad consist of the Implementing Agency (Balak), combat units (Satpur), and Combat Assistance Units (Satbanpur).

Strength[edit]

Kostrad soldiers

Kostrad had a strength of 27,000 in 1998[2] and its primary components consist of two infantry divisions and an independent airborne brigade.

There were as of early 1998 a total of 33 airborne and infantry battalions within Kostrad. Each division contained three infantry and/or airborne brigades; an armoured battalion; cavalry reconnaissance company; field artillery regiment of three battalions; air defence artillery battalion; combat engineer battalion; supply and transportation battalion; medical battalion; signal company; military police company; field maintenance company; and a personnel and administrative detachment.[5]

There have been several reports that a third division was to be formed for KOSTRAD, for example in an announcement by then KOSTRAD commander Lieutenant General Hadi Waluyo on 16 March 2005.[7] Waluyo's announcement indicated that the new division was to be formed around the 3rd Airborne Infantry Brigade, which would be shifted to a new site in Papua once the expansion programme had advanced further. However, despite this and other announcements, no third division has yet been established.

Special Unit[edit]

Kostrad Special Unit Soldiers

Combat Reconnaissance Platoon[edit]

The Combat Reconnaissance Platoon of Kostrad (Peleton Intai Tempur abbreviated "Tontaipur") is a special unit formation of Kostrad in a "Platoon" level to conduct specific combat and warfare in a smaller unit of troop to achieve more effectiveness of maneuver during operational conditions. Its further information regarding number of troops and weaponry are confidential. It was formed in 2001 and is part of the Kostrad Intelligence Battalion.

List of Kostrad Commanders[edit]

Many Kostrad commanders have gone on to very senior Indonesian posts. Suharto became President; General Rudini became Minister of Home Affairs; General Wismoyo is married to the sister of Suharto's late wife; and Lieutenant General Tarub became the armed forces' Chief of the General Staff.[8] General Wirahadikusumah would later become Vice-President.

  • Suharto (March 1961 – December 1965)
  • Umar Wirahadikusumah (December 1965 – May 1967)
  • Kemal Idris (May 1967 – March 1969)
  • Wahono (March 1969 – February 1970)
  • Makmun Murod (February 1970 – December 1971)
  • Wahono (December 1971 – March 1973)
  • Poniman (March 1973 – May 1974)
  • Himawan Susanto (May 1974 – January 1975)
  • Leo Lopulisa (January 1975 – January 1978)
  • Wiyogo Atmodarminto (January 1978 – March 1980)
  • Ismail (March 1980 – January 1981)
  • Rudini (January 1981 – May 1983)
  • Suweno (May 1983 – January 1986)
  • Suripto (January 1986 – August 1987)
  • Adolf Sagala Rajagukguk (August 1987 – March 1988)
  • Sugito (March 1988 – August 1990)
  • Wismoyo Arismunandar (August 1990 – July 1992) (Becoming KSAD, TNI Army Chief of Staff)
  • Kuntara (July 1992 – September 1994)
  • Tarub (September 1994 – April 1996)
  • Wiranto (April 1996 – June 1997) (Becoming KSAD, TNI Army Chief of Staff)
  • Sugiyono (June 1997 – March 1998)
  • Prabowo Subianto (March 1998 – May 1998)
  • Johny Lumintang (May 1998/12 hours)
  • Djamari Chaniago (May 1998 – November 1999)
  • Djaja Suparman (November 1999 – March 2000)
  • Agus Wirahadikusumah (March 2000 – August 2000)
  • Ryamizard Ryacudu (August 2000 – July 2002) (Becoming KSAD, Army Chief of Staff)
  • Bibit Waluyo (July 2002 – November 2004)
  • Hadi Waluyo (November 2004 – May 2006)
  • Erwin Sujono (May 2006 – September 2007)
  • George Toisutta (September 2007) (Becoming KSAD, Army Chief of Staff)
  • Burhanuddin Amin (February 2010- September 2010)
  • Pramono Edhie Wibowo (September 2010-August 2011) (Becoming KSAD, Army Chief of Staff)
  • Azmyn Yusri Nasution (August 2011-March 2012)
  • Muhammad Munir (March 2012-May 2013)
  • Gatot Nurmantyo (May 2013-July 2014)[9][10]
  • Mulyono (September 2014-31 July 2015)[11]
  • Edi Rahmayadi (31 July 2015 – present)[12]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Kostrad Exercise Chakra II forms 1.071 fighters (Latihan Cakra II Kostrad Cetak 1,071 Petarung)", Fery Setiawan, COMMANDO magazine 6th edition vol. XII 2016, p. 17, 2016 
  2. ^ a b Jane's Defence Weekly, 15 April 1998, p.34
  3. ^ John Haseman, 'Indonesian strategic command upgraded,' Jane's Intelligence Review, March 1997, p.130
  4. ^ Globalsecurity.org, Kostrad, quoting Library of Congress Country Study Indonesia, link verified December 2009
  5. ^ 'Indonesia: keeping its forces at full stretch,' Jane's Defence Weekly, 15 April 1998, p.34-35
  6. ^ The 3rd Airborne Infantry Brigade commander Col Djoko Subandrio have just finished the BSTF commander in West Timor in 3 Sep. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http://www.geocities.com/thaipkf03/TNI1.html&date=2009-10-25+22:48:03, accessed February 2009
  7. ^ Robert Karniol, 'Indonesia boosts eastern region defence,' Jane's Defence Weekly, 30 March 2005, Vol 42, No. 13, p.15.
  8. ^ Generals Rudini, Wismoyo, and Tarub were all named as former commanders by John Haseman, 'Indonesian strategic command upgraded,' Jane's Intelligence Review, March 1997, p.130
  9. ^ "Mutasi TNI AD Terhadap Moeldoko dan 7 Perwira Tinggi Lainnya". 21 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "Kasad Lantik Letjen TNI Gatot Nurmantyo sebagai Pangkostrad". 4 June 2013. 
  11. ^ "Lagi-lagi, 59 Perwira TNI Dimutasi". 10 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "Mayjen TNI Edy Rahmayadi Dilantik Jadi Pangkostrad". Bahaudin Marcopolo. 31 July 2015. 

External links[edit]