|Elevation||1,519 m (4,984 ft)|
|Parent range||Ural Mountains|
Mount Kosvinsky Kamen, Kosvinsky Mountain, Kosvinski Mountain, Kosvinsky Rock or Rostesnoy Rock (Russian: Косвинский камень, Косьвинский камень, Ростесной камень) is a mountain in the northern Urals, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia describes Kosvinsky Rock as "mountain massif" of height 1,519 m. Its constitution is pyroxenites and dunites of lower and middle Paleozoic era. The slopes are covered with conifers with some birch up to 900–1000 m, with alpine tundra above.
According to a 1997 article in the Washington Times, a CIA report stated that there were construction works for a "nuclear-survivable, strategic command post at Kosvinsky Mountain". The Russian Government later stated the bunker had been completed as a continuity of government facility in 1996.  It was designed to resist US earth penetrating weapons and serves a similar role as the American Cheyenne Mountain Complex. The timing of the Kosvinsky completion date is regarded as one explanation for U.S. interest in a new nuclear bunker buster and the declaration of the deployment of the B61 Mod 11 in 1997: Kosvinsky is protected by about 1,000 feet (300 m) of granite.
- Mount Yamantau - another Soviet/Russian subterranean facility
References and notes
- Austin, Greg; Muraviev, Alexey D. (10 May 2000). The Armed Forces of Russia in Asia. I.B. Tauris. p. 187. ISBN 978-1860644856.
- Brockhaus and Efron describe its location within the Russian Empire as Verkhoturye uyezd, Perm Governorate, in the okrug of the Bogoslovsky copper plant (Богословский медноплавильный завод)
- Косвинский камень, Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (in Russian)
- Brockhaus and Efron say that its elevation is 2,375 ft., mountain foot circumference is about 40 km.
- "Косвинский камень," Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian)
- "Moscow builds bunkers against nuclear attack", by Bill Gertz, Washington Times, April 1, 1997
- "Window on Heartland: Geopolitical notes on Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia". Feb 2012. Archived from the original on Apr 24, 2013.
- Gertz, William ‘Bill’ (April 1, 1997), "Moscow builds bunkers against nuclear attack", The Washington Times, Global security.
- "Kosvinsky Mountain, Kos'vinskiy Kamen', Gora, MT 59°31'00"N 59°04'00"E, Russia". Global Security. Weapons of mass destruction.
- Ron Rosenbaum, Slate magazine "The Return of the Doomsday Machine?", 31 August 2007.
- 1231-й центр боевого управления (в/ч 20003)
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