Kot Addu City

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Kot Addu
كوٹ ادُّو
City
Kot Addu is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Kot Addu
Kot Addu
Kot Addu is located in Pakistan
Kot Addu
Kot Addu
Coordinates: 30°27′59″N 70°57′56″E / 30.46639°N 70.96556°E / 30.46639; 70.96556Coordinates: 30°27′59″N 70°57′56″E / 30.46639°N 70.96556°E / 30.46639; 70.96556
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
District Muzaffargarh District
Time zone PST (UTC+5)

Kot Addu is a city and Tehsil (administrative division) in the Muzaffargarh District of the southern part of the Punjab province of Pakistan. This city is subdivided into 28 Union Councils.[1] and has a population of over 400,000[citation needed], making it the 150th largest city in Pakistan. It is located just east of the Indus River, about 866 km from Karachi, 600 km from Islamabad, 100 km from Multan, 80 km from D.G.Khan, 60 km from Muzaffargarh, 60 km from Layyah ,and 16 km from Taunsa Barrage. Kot Addu City attracts a large number of tourists every year, due to the Indus river and public gardens among other things. The city is served by Kot Adu Junction railway station.


Demography[edit]

  • Total Population
    • 8,08,438 Persons
  • Location on Google Map
    • N 30° 28' 34 E 70° 57' 52
  • Total Area
    • 8,77,989 Acres
  • Area under Cultivation

List of Union Councils of Kot Adu[edit]

The city contains a total of 29 Union councils, which are listed below.

  • 1.cha larr wala
  • 2.BAIT QAIMWALA
  • 3.BHARRI HOG
  • 4.BUDH
  • 5.CHAK NO.547/TDA
  • 6.CHAK NO.565/TDA
  • 7.CHAK NO.632/TDA
  • 8.CHOWK SARWAR SHAHEED
  • 9.D.D.PANNAH
  • 10.DOGAR KALASRA
  • 11.GHAZI GHATT
  • 12.HINJRAI
  • 13.IHSANPUR
  • 14.KOT ADU NO 2
  • 15.KOT ADU NO. 1
  • 16.KOT ADU NO.3
  • 17.MANHAN SHARIF
  • 18.MEHMOOD KOT
  • 19.MIRPUR BHAGAL
  • 20.PATAL MONDA
  • 21.PATTAL KOT ADU
  • 22.PATTI GHULAM ALI
  • 23.SANAWAN
  • 24.SHADI KHAN MONDA
  • 25.SHEIKH UMER
  • 26.THATHA GURMANI
  • 27.U.C.22 GUJRAT
  • 28.WAHANDUR
  • 29.PIRHAR[1][4]

Location[edit]

The city of Kot Adu is located in the southern area of Punjab province, almost at the exact centre of Pakistan. The area around the city is a flat plain and is ideal for agriculture. There are two main canals (Muzaffar, and T.P link) and eight sub canals that cross Kot Adu, providing water from the Indus River. The geographical coordinates of the city, according to Google Maps, are N 30° 28' 34" E 70° 57' 52" .

Geography and climate[edit]

Kot Addu is almost located at the exact geographical center of Pakistan. The closest major city is Multan. The area around the city is a flat alluvial plain and is ideal for agriculture, with many citrus and mango farms. There are also canals that cut across the Muzaffargarh District, providing water to farms. During the monsoon season, the land close to the Taunsa Barrage is usually flooded.

Kot Addu has an arid climate with very hot summers and mild winters. The city has experienced some of the most extreme weather in Pakistan. The highest recorded temperature was approximately 51 °C (129 °F), and the lowest recorded temperature was approximately −1 °C (30 °F). The average rainfall is roughly 127 millimetres (5.0 in). Dust storms are a common occurrence within the city.

Language and literature[edit]

The majority of Kot Adu's residents are native speakers of the Seraiki language, though being situated in the province of Punjab many people also know Saraiki and the national language, Urdu. The majority of the population is Muslim. English is widely understood among the educated. Kot Adu is home to many literary figures and poets who are known throughout the country. The famous folk singer Mr. Pathanay Khan belonged to this city.

Educationans[edit]

Kot Adu is rich like other major cities of Punjab as far as schools and educational campuses are concerned. There are many colleges involved in the grooming of students and fulfilling the desire to acquire and distribute knowledge and education. In the last few years, a mushrooming growth of quality educational institutions has been observed in this region. And now there are various private Commerce and Science colleges, schools, academies like Punjab Inter Science Academy, and cadet college. There is a government degree college for boys and girls each. Several colleges are affiliated with the Bahuddin Zakrya University, B.Z.U Multan Pakistan, and Punjab University Lahore Pakistan. The names of some private institutions are, Kot Addu School of Economics and Management Sciences (Mr. Fiaz Hussain Malik Director), Punjab Higher Secondary School, Bismillah. Inter Science Academy, Punjab Group of Colleges, My School System, Oxford Grammar School, Professor Academy, etc. A Govt Technical College, also, is under construction.

School[edit]

  • Allied School
  • City School
  • IIUI (School) Kot Adu campus
  • Govt. High School
  • Govt. High School # 01
  • C.C.U Children carrier university
  • Ahmad Schools (PTV) Limited
  • New Punjab Higher Secondary School Kot Addu
  • Learners House school (Kotaddu)
  • City Public School Zia Colony, Kot Addu
  • Vocational Training Institute Kot Addu

Taunsa Barrage[edit]

Taunsa Barrage is a barrage on the River Indus. It is situated 20 kilometres (12 mi) southeast of Taunsa Sharif and 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) from Kot Addu. This barrage controls water flow in the River Indus for irrigation and flood control purposes.

This barrage serves 2.351 million acres (951,400 hectares) besides diverting flows from Indus River to the Chenab River through Taunsa Panjnad (TP) Link Canal. The barrage also serves as an arterial road bridge, a railway bridge, and crossing for gas and oil pipelines, telephone line and extra high voltage (EHV) transmission lines.[5] In 2011, the rehabilitation of the Taunsa Barrage was blamed for devastation of the Muzaffargarh district during the 2010 Pakistan floods.[6] Critics blamed the rehabilitation of the barrage, alleging that it failed to raise its height and strengthen protective embankments, used dysfunctional computer control system of the hoist gates and ignored hill-torrent management.[7]

Industry[edit]

Kot Adu is a prominent commercial and industrial City in the Punjab province. It is connected by road and rail with Lahore, Karachi, Multan, Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Quetta, and Faisalabad; and also by air from Multan Airport to all Pakistani Airports.

Main Industries[edit]

  • Pak Arab Oil Refinery (PARCO)[8]

Power Stations[edit]

Kot Adu Power Company[edit]

[9] The Kot Addu Power Company Limited (KAPCO), was incorporated in 1996, location in Kot Addu, District Muzaffargarh, Punjab, Pakistan. Kot Addu Power Plant was built by the Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA). In April 2000, the Company was incorporated as a public limited company. Kot Addu Power Plant produces 1,600 MW of electricity. On 18 April 2005 the Company was formally listed on all three Stock Exchanges of Pakistan.[21]

  • Lal-Peer Thermal Power Station[10]

Sugar Mills[edit]

  • Sheikhoo Sugar Mill[11]
  • Fatima Sugar Mill[12]
  • Gellani flour Mill LTD

Beside these, cotton factories, foundries, cotton, woolen and silk textile mills, flour, and oil mills are also located in this region. This area is famous for its handicrafts (Kundar work), and cottage industries.

Information technology industry[edit]

With the changing environment in the world, as the information technology has become the necessity of the world, Kot Addu has also adopted this change with a great positive response. The first totally professional information technology center was introduced in 2002, named I.TECH[13] which then also opened a branch in Dubai in 2006, U.A.E. It is a prominent institution in that region which mainly focuses on web designing and development. There are many other institutions contributing towards education in Information Technology. It is clear from the interest of people that this region needs some Great Government I.T institution. In November 2009 the Government of Pakistan also opened a Great Technical College named LAL-MEER technical college in the Union of Kot Addu.[14]

Health centers[edit]

There is one Government Civil Hospital and several Private hospitals in the city beside many small Government and Private Hospitals in the Union Councils.

Agriculture[edit]

Kot Addu is also an important agricultural area. Total area of Tehsil Kot Adu is 8,77,989 Acres of which 4,24,521 acres are under cultivation. Main crops of the area include:-

Besides these, bajra, moong, mash, masoor and oil seed such as mustard and sun flower are also grown in the district.

Fruits such as Mangoes (Mangoes of Shujabad district are the best in the world), citrus, guavas and pomegranates are the main grown in the Kot Adu City. Dates, jaman, pears, falsa and banana are also grown in minor quantities in the district.

One other local fruit is called a bare. It is one of the main fruits grown in this region. Due to flooding, the crops are now rare, especially cotton and wheat products affected by this flooding. So, now a majority of the agricultural lands are covered by sugarcane. People either sell this sugarcane to sugar mills or produce Jaggery from sugarcane.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]