Sargodha District

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Sargodha
ضِلع سرگودها
District
Location of Sargodha district in West Punjab
Location of Sargodha district in West Punjab
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
Headquarters Sargodha
Area
 • Total 5,854 km2 (2,260 sq mi)
Population (1998)
 • Total 2,665,979
 • Density 460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Tehsils 7
Website http://www.sargodha.gop.pk/

Sargodha District (Urdu: ضِلع سرگودها‎), is a district of Punjab, Pakistan. The capital of the district is Sargodha. It is an agricultural district, wheat, rice, and sugarcane being its main crops. The Sargodha district and region is also famous for citrus fruit; kino is a newly developed variety. The district has an area of 5,864 km2.[1]

Administration and Tehsils[edit]

Sargodha District is administratively divided into Seven Tehsils, which contain a total of 161 Union Councils,[2] population according to the 1998 census of Pakistan:[3]

Tehsil Population (1998) No. of Unions
Bhera 100,000 15
Bhalwal 820,000 16
Kot Momin 420,000 30
Sahiwal 236,000 14
Sargodha 1,081,000 62
Shahpur 274,000 16
Silanwali 255,000 16

Demography[edit]

The population of Sargodha grew rapidly with the arrival of Muslim refugees from northern India, fleeing from the religious violence that followed the partition of India and the independence of Pakistan in 1947. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan the district had a population of 2,665,979 of which 27.96% lived in urban settlements.[4]

The most widely spoken language of the district is Punjabi, which according to the 1998 census is the first language[5] of 93% of the population, and Urdu – of 6%.[6]

Etymology[edit]

It is believed that there was an old pond in the middle of the town where an old Hindu monk or sadhu (godha) used to live. The Hindi word for pond is "ser".[7] Since the town had a modest population, people would refer the place as sergodha, the place where that famous Sadhu resided next to the pond.[8]

Local media[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ District Wise – Sargodha[dead link]
  2. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Sargodha – Government of Pakistan Archived February 9, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. Nrb.gov.pk. Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  3. ^ 1998 Census figures. pportal.punjab.gov.pk
  4. ^ Urban Resource Centre. urckarachi.org
  5. ^ "Mother tongue": defined as the language of communication between parents and children and recorded of each individual.
  6. ^ 1998 District Census report of Sargodha. Census publication. 36. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1999. 
  7. ^ Portrait of Pakistan. Ferozsons. Retrieved 2007-12-31. The district derives its name for the headquarters town of Sargodha, which is a combination of "Sar" and "Godha". "Sar" is a Hindi word which denotes a water... 
  8. ^ Pakistan tourism directory. Holiday Weekly. Retrieved 2007-12-31. Sargodha is a colony town established in 1903, but its origins are older. Sargodha is a combination of the words "Sar" meaning a pond and "Godha"... 

Coordinates: 32°10′N 72°30′E / 32.167°N 72.500°E / 32.167; 72.500