Kota Bharu–Kuala Krai Expressway
|Kota Bharu–Kuala Krai Expressway, Central Spine Road|
|Length||73 km (45 mi)|
|North end||Kota Bharu|
| Federal Route 3|
Federal Route 8
Federal Route 4
Jalan Pasir Hor
|South end||Kuala Krai|
|Ketereh, Machang, Pasir Mas, Tanah Merah, Gua Musang|
Kota Bharu–Kuala Krai Expressway (Malay: Lebuhraya Kota Bharu-Kuala Krai) also known as the People's Expressway (Malay: Lebuhraya Rakyat), is a state expressway that is under construction in Kelantan, Malaysia. It was planned as a national expressway, but was constructed as a state expressway because the federal government dropped out of the expressway project several times since 1990; consequently, the expressway will be the first state-owned controlled-access expressway once completed. Nevertheless, the project was gradually integrated into the Central Spine Road 34 project by 2015.
The Kota Bharu–Kuala Krai Expressway is a 73-kilometre (45 mi) expressway connecting the city of Kota Bharu and Kuala Krai in Kelantan. The expressway will be built as a four-lane dual-carriageway expressway with full access control. There are nine grade-separated interchanges and two rest areas will be constructed along the expressway.
The expressway is being built in three phases. Phase 1 from Bukit Tiu to Kuala Krai was constructed first, as the section runs along the state-owned land, eliminating the compensation costs for land takeovers. Meanwhile, Phase 3 from Pasir Hor to Kota Bharu will be the final section to be built, as the section will be an elevated expressway built on top of the existing Federal Route 8, making the section as the most expensive section of the expressway. The entire expressway is expected to be completed by 2015, after considering the northeast monsoon season factor.
The construction of the Kota Bharu–Kuala Krai Expressway was planned as early as during the Fifth Malaysia Plan during the end of the 1980s. The expressway was planned to be built as an alternative for the badly-congested Federal Route 8 along the Kota Bharu–Kuala Krai section, which becomes worse during festive season. However, the expressway project was dropped off, due to the loss of the Kelantanese Barisan Nasional state government to Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party-Semangat 46 coalition during the 1990 General Election. The project was later revived by the fifth Prime Minister, Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi as one of the projects under the Ninth Malaysia Plan, but was dropped off again ultimately after Datuk Seri Najib Razak became the sixth Prime Minister. As a result, the PAS-led Kelantan state government decided to construct the expressway by themselves. The expressway construction was inaugurated by the Menteri Besar of Kelantan, Tuan Guru Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat on 28 May 2012.
The construction of the expressway by the PAS-led Kelantan state government was heavily criticized by the Barisan Nasional-led federal government, claiming that the expressway project was nothing but just a mere political gimmick by the state government. In addition, Barisan Nasional-led federal government also criticized the wakaf method being used to fund the expressway construction. On the other hand, the state government criticized the federal government for not being cooperative and supportive regarding the expressway construction, hence disputing the federal government's integrity.
On 20 January 2012 during the BN-sponsored Jelajah Janji Ditepati (Promises Fulfilled) roadshow at Kota Bharu, Datuk Seri Najib Razak included the expressway project as one of the seven federal mega projects being promised for Kelantan if BN takes over Kelantan from PAS during the upcoming 13th general election. However, the promise was heavily criticized by the incumbent PAS-led state government for being a conditional manifesto, as well as plagiarizing the state government's own plans. Datuk Husam Musa, the chairman of the Economic Planning, Finance and Welfare Committee of Kelantan, said that the federal government should have executed the expressway project a long time ago rather than making promises, as the project had already been approved during the Fifth Malaysian Plan and once again during the Ninth Malaysian Plan.
List of interchanges
|EXIT 3709||Kota Bharu–Pasir Hor flyover
Kota Bharu Interchange
| Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra
Jalan Sultan Ibrahim
Kota Bharu city center
Start/End of flyover
| Kota Bharu–Kuala Krai Expressway|
Start/End of expressway
|Start/End of flyover|
|EXIT ----||Pasir Hor Interchange|| Jalan Pasir Hor
Wakaf Che Yeh
|EXIT ----||Kadok Interchange||Kadok||Interchange|
|EXIT ----||Ketereh Interchange|| Ketereh
|EXIT ----||Kok Lanas Interchange|| Kok Lanas
|EXIT ----||Bukit Tiu Interchange|| Jalan Gerik–Pasir Puteh
|EXIT ----||Keroh Interchange||Keroh||Interchange|
| Kota Bharu–Kuala Krai Expressway|
Start/End of expressway
|EXIT ----||Dusun Damar Interchange|| Kuala Krai–Gua Musang Highway
- "Majlis pecah tanah Lebuhraya Kota Bharu-Kuala Krai / Kota Bharu-Kuala Krai Expressway ground-breaking ceremony". Blog Jalan Raya Malaysia. 28 May 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
- Husam Musa (27 May 2012). "Lebuhraya Rakyat Kota Bharu-Kuala Krai" (in Malay). Retrieved 15 October 2012.
- "TAHNIAH!!! Lebuhraya Kota Bharu-Kuala Krai: Pecah Tanah 28 Mei" (in Malay). 16 May 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
- Khairul Faizi Ahmad Kamil (14 June 2012). "Kenyataan Media: Penangguhan Pembinaan Lebuh Raya Kota Bharu-Kuala Krai, Di Mana Integriti Pemerintah?" (in Malay). Retrieved 15 October 2012.
- Mohd. Hafiz Abd. Mutalib (28 May 2012). "Cuma gimik politik PAS" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
- "Najib umum tujuh projek besar di Kelantan" (in Malay). Berita Harian. 20 January 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- Rosmiza Kasim (22 January 2013). "Husam: 7 janji BN tiru projek Kelantan" (in Malay). Sinar Harian. Retrieved 23 January 2013.