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Kota Buruk, literally mean "Fort of Ruins" in Malay is a historic site believed to be located at the today's Kampung Tanjung Selabu, Jorak, Sungai Terap, Bukit Pasir, Pagoh, Muar, Johor, Malaysia. This site purportedly said to be identified as the original Kota Buruk location and is being preserved as historic place for the public visit. Near the site, another historic site the fort of Biawak Busuk is believed to be located.
Kota Buruk together with Biawak Busuk are 2 historical sites in ancient Malacca's history which Parameswara has open during his stop over and stay in Pagoh, Muar when exiled from Temasik, before his move to Malacca and open the Malacca sultanate empire.
Kota Buruk was a fort build by Parameswara and was mentioned in the history of Malacca Sultanate while Biawak Busuk was another place opened by Parameswara where he is said to encounter many monitor lizards disposing a disgusting smell. There are few source of history records regarding this events as follow in i.e.:-
- João de Barros ("Decades of Asia"), (1553) :João de Barros who wrote in 1553 in his 2nd Décadas da Ásia ("Decades of Asia"), a history of the Portuguese in India and Asia.stated that Parameswara (Paramicura) who were driven away from Temasik after he killed the representative of the King of Siam, Temagi; had escaped in exile and stopped in Muar and built a in rural areas of Muar called Pagoh.
- Tun Sri Lanang (Sejarah Melayu or Malay Annals) Shellabear version :In the Sejarah Melayu or Malay Annals states that Temasik during the reign of Parameswara(Sultan Iskandar Shah) was defeated by Majapahit Kingdom. But he and his family including his followers had fled to Pagoh, Muar and opened 2 areas on the banks of the Muar River; Biawak Busuk and build a fort called Kota Buruk before moved to and opened up Melaka. In 1488, Malacca Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah (1477–1488) has died and buried in Pagoh, Ulu Muar.
- Tomé Pires (Suma Oriental):
This source highlighted the emergence of Parameswara replacing his father, Raja Sam Agi as the ruler of Palembang who had opened Malacca. He was attacked by the King of Java, Batara Tamavill for declaring himself as 'Mjeura'(those who dare) and fled to Temasik(Singapore). After killing Siamese King of Ayutthaya representative, Temagi there, he secretly ruled Temasik for 5 years. But fearing the revenge attacked by the King of Ayutthaya, he fled to Pagoh, Muar with his 1,000 followers and lived there for 6 years when the Seletar peoples were still occupying Malacca.
- Kota Buruk Ruined Fort in Muar|Saturday, 29 December 2007|Berpertualang Ke Aceh|Blogspot|Photos and Article
- Makam Kota Buruk Di Sungai Muar|aidiel's FotoPage|By: aidiel rizal|Wednesday, 1 November 2006