Koteeswara Iyer

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Koteeswara Iyer (1869 - 1938), was a composer of Carnatic music. He was a grandson of Kavi Kunjara Bharati(1810–1896). He was born in Nandhanur to Nagarathinam iyer who was a Sivagangai Samasthana Sangeetha Vidwan. His ancestors were initially lived in Tirunelveli (Tamil Nadu) and later lived in the Raja Hiranya Garba Thirumalai Sethupathi's village in Perungarai(Ramanathapuram). Koteeswara Iyer studied music under Poochi Srinivasa Iyengar (1860–1919) and Patnam Subramania Iyer (1845–1902). He composed mainly in the Tamil language and used the mudra Kavi Kunjara Dasan in tribute to his grandfather. While studying his BA in English Literature in Trichy, Koteeswara Iyer started performing in small Kutcheries singing Kavi Kunjara Bharathi's Skanda Puranam, Perinba Keerthanaigal.

Literary works[edit]

  • Madurai Pottramarai Pathigam
  • Madurai Shanmugha Malai
  • Sundareshwarar Pathigam
  • KayarKanni Pathitru Pathanthathi
  • Indhiya Maanmiyam

He has worked as an English Professor in Mylai Venkatramana Dispensary Ayurveda College and Mylai Sanskrit college. Later, he worked as an English translator in the Madras High Court.

He is one of the first vaggeyakara who composed songs in all the 72 melakartha ragas.His contribution to the illustration of vivadhi ragas is invaluable. He published his grand father's works (Kandapuranam, Azhagar Kuravanji, Perinba Keerthanaigal).

List of Songs composed in 72 Melakartha Raagams[edit]

  • Vaaranamukava (Hamsadhvani set to Rupaka Thaalam)
    • Kanakaangaka (Kanakaangi set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Tharunam Ithe (Rathnaangi set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Maamathura (Gaanamurthi set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Thaasane (Vanaspathi set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Nijabhakthi (Maanavathi set to Rupakam Thaalam)
    • Va Velava (Dhaanaroopi set to Kandasaapu Thaalam)
    • Vandarul (Senavathi set to Misrachaapu Thaalam)
    • Kalitheera (Hanumathodi set to Misrachaapu Thaalam)
    • KarunaiKadale (Dhenuka set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Irangatha (Naatakapriya set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Sugha Vazhvadainthu (Kokilapriya set to Rupaka Thaalam)
    • Naalaguthe (Roopavathi set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • NaadhaNilai (Gayakapriya set to Kandachaapu Thaalam)
    • Nambinen (Vagulabaranam set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Naan En Seiven (Mayamalavagowla set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Kaanakankodi (Chakravaakam set to Rupaka Thaalam)
    • Kanjam Konjum (Sooryakantham set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Aalalaghatha (Haatakambari set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Varam Thaarum (Jhankaradhwani set to Misrachaapu Thaalam)
    • Ambhoruha (Natabhairavi set to Rupaka Thaalam)
    • Velava (Keeravani set to Kandachapu Thaalam)
    • Kanpaaraiya (Karaharapriya set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Paarai (GowriManohari set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Srungara Kumara (Varunapriya set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Maalaginen (MaaraRanjani set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Neethan Appa (Chaarukesi set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Malaiyathe (Sarasangi set to Rupaka Thaalam)
    • Neeye Ghathi (HariKambojhi set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Enai Aalaiya (Shankarabharanam set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Naayen (NaagaNandhini set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Sambu Sathasiva (Yaagapriya set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Kalankathe (Raagavardhini set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Ninaimaname (Gaangeyabhooshani set to Rupaka Thaalam)
    • Nathaanu (Vaagadheeshwari set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Paramugha (Soolini set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Ethaiya Ghathi (ChalaNaatai set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Gaanamutham (Saalakam set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Kanaka Mayura (Jalarnavam set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Anaatha Rakshaka (JaalaVaraali set to KandaChapu Thaalam)
    • Saami Ithe (NavaNeetham set to Rupaka Thaalam)
    • Anjathe (Pavani set to Misrachapu Thaalam)
    • Sadhanantha (Raghupriya set to Rupaka Thaalam)
    • Viraivaagave (Gavambhodhi set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • SethiruVelan (Bhavapriya set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Velane (Subhapanthuvrali set to MisraChapu Thaalam)
    • AndharangaBakthi (Shadvidamarghini set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Igapara (Suvarnaangi set to Rupaka Thaalam)
    • Appa Murugaiyane (Divyamani set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Kaarunya (Dhavalambari set to Rupaka Thaalam)
    • Een Maname (NaamaNarayani set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Ka Murugaiyya (Kaamavardhini set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Saami Satha (Ramapriya set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Paramanandha (Viswambari set to Rupaka Thaalam)
    • Kandha (Syamalangi set to Misrachapu Thaalam)
    • Sugame Sugam (Shanmukapriya Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Unnaiyallal (SimhendraMadhyamam set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Manathe (Hemavathi set to Rupaka Thaalam)
    • Kandha Bakatha (Dharmavathi set to Misrchapu Thaalam)
    • Mohanakara (Neethimathi set to Rupaka Thaalam)
    • Naadhasugam (Kaanthamani set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • GhanaNaya (Rishbhapriya set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • KaiKoodaVenume (Lathangi set to Kandachapu Thaalam)
    • Igaparasooga (Vachaspathi set to Rupaka Thaalam)
    • SadhaNanathame (MechaKalyani set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • SaamaGhanaLola (Chitrambhari set to Misrachapu Thaalam)
    • VeluMayilume (Sucharithram set to Rupaka Thaalam)
    • GhanamuthaBhanam (Jyothiswaroopini set to Misrachapu Thaalam)
    • SookaKara (Dhathuvarthini set to Aadhi Thaalam)
    • Thantharul (Naasikabhushani set to Rupaka Thaalam)
    • Ka Guha (Kosalam set to Rupaka Thaalam)
    • ArulSeiya (Rasikapriya set to Aadhi Thaalam)
  • Mangalam (Suruti set to Aadhi Thaalam)

See also[edit]

References[edit]