Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Building

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Building
Котельническая набережная
Река Москва.jpg
General information
LocationTagansky District, Moscow, Russia
Coordinates55°44′50″N 37°38′34″E / 55.74722°N 37.64278°E / 55.74722; 37.64278Coordinates: 55°44′50″N 37°38′34″E / 55.74722°N 37.64278°E / 55.74722; 37.64278
Completed1952
Height
Architectural176 m (577 ft)[1]
Technical details
Floor count32
Design and construction
ArchitectDmitry Chechylin, Andrei Rostkovsky

Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Building is one of seven Stalinist skyscrapers laid down in September 1947 and completed in 1952, designed by Dmitry Chechulin (then Chief Architect of Moscow) and Andrei Rostkovsky. The main tower has 32 levels (including mechanical floors) and is 176 metres (577 ft) tall. At the time of construction it was the tallest building in Europe.[2]

The building also incorporates a 9-story apartment block facing Moskva River, designed by the same architects in 1938 and completed in 1940. Originally built in stern early Stalinist style, with wet stucco wall finishes, it was re-finished in terracotta panels in line with the main tower and acquired ornate pseudo-Gothic crowns over its 12-story raised corners and center tower. By the end of World War II, the side wing was converted to multi-family kommunalka housing, in a contrast to the planned elite status of the main tower.

The main tower, of a conventional steel frame structural type, has a hexagonal cross-section with three side wings (18 storeys, including two mechanical floors). While it is not exceptionally tall or massive, the "upward surge" of five stepped-up layers, from a flat 9-storey side wing to the spire, gives the impression of a larger structure. The structure hides behind itself a so-called "Shvivaya Gorka", a hill with historical architecture and a maze of steeply inclined streets. Chechulin was initially criticized for complete disregard of this area, but his bureaucratic influence brushed off any criticisms.

Notable residents[edit]

Notable residents of the building include(d):

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Building data at emporis.com
  2. ^ "The History of the European Skyscraper" (PDF). CTBUH Journal: 52. 2013.
  3. ^ Nivat, Anne (2014). "Chapter 21. Wing A. Entryway 9, Third Floor: Willy and Julia Tokarev". The View from the Vysotka: A Portrait of Russia Today Through One of Moscow's Most Famous Addresses. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 9781466865815.

External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
River House Apartments
Tallest Residential Building in the World
1952—1964
176 m
Succeeded by
1000 Lake Shore Plaza
Preceded by
Peter and Paul Cathedral
Tallest Building in the Soviet Union
1952—1953
176 m
Succeeded by
Main building of Moscow State University
Preceded by
Peter and Paul Cathedral
Tallest Building in the Russian SFSR
1952—1953
176 m
Succeeded by
Main building of Moscow State University
Preceded by
Ivan the Great Bell Tower
Tallest Building in Moscow
1952—1953
176 m
Succeeded by
Main building of Moscow State University