||This article's introduction may be too long for the overall article length. (April 2014)|
Kothagudem club entrance
|• Body||TRS (TRS)|
|• Member of Legislative Assembly||Jalagam Venkat Rao|
|Elevation||89 m (292 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||TS 04|
|Sex ratio||1:1 ♂/♀|
Kothagudem is the main industrial town in Telangana state which is located in Khammam district located about 270 km from Hyderabad. Kothagudem popularly known as coal town is the mandal HQ (Mdl code-17) in Khammam Dt, Telangana. Kothagudem and palvancha are the twin industrial towns in the state. Kothagudem is located at . It has an average elevation of 89 metres (295 ft) above seal level. The North of Kothagudem borders Chhattisgarh state which is approximately 120 km from the town. Kothagudem is the commercial capital of khammam district.
Kothagudem is the headquarters for Singareni Collieries Company Limited, the coal producing company in Telangana state, India. It produces 40 million tonnes of coal every year. The area is endowed with rich forests, industries and landscape. Kothagudem is located very near to the temple town of Lord Rama, known as Bhadrachalam. It is approximately 40 km from Bhadrachalam. The Railway station was originally named "Bhadrachalam Road", being the closest railway station to Bhadrachalam, an important pilgrimage location of Rama.
The total population of Kothagudem UA/Metropolitan region is 119,450. The male population of which is 58,652 while female population is 60,798.
Literacy Rate 2011: The literacy rate of Kothagudem Agglomeration is 81.86% which is lower than National Urban average of 85 %. Literacy rate for male and female for Kothagudem stood at 88.99 % and 75.03 % respectively. Total literates in Kothagudem UA were 89,496 of which males were 47,605 and remaining 41,891 were females.
Child Population 2011: The children (0-6 age) population of Kothagudem UA is around 8.48 % of total Kothagudem UA population which is lower than National Urban average of 10.93 %. Total children in Kothagudem Urban region were 10,128 of which male were 5,160 while remaining 4,968 childs were female.
Sex Ratio 2011: The sex ratio of female to male in Kothagudem UA was found higher with figure of 1037 females against national urban average of 926 females per 1000 males. For children (0-6 age), girls were 963 per 1000 boys in Kothagudem Urban region against national average of 902 girls per 1000 boys. The estimated population of the twin towns including the tribal and hilly areas viz., Kothagudem and Palvancha is around 5 lakhs (0.5 million)
Urban Region Overview
As per data released by Govt. of India for Census 2011, Kothagudem is an Urban Agglomeration coming under category of Class II UAs/Towns.(referred from List of cities and towns in India by population.
Kothagudem is geographically part of Telangana Region and majority of People are Employees in big industries(Singareni, KTPS, NBV, NMDC) in and around the town. Singareni Colleries itself is having approximately 64,982 employees and majority of them reside in Company Quarters located 10 km from town.
Major Industries in City
- Singareni Collieries Company,
- Kothagudem Thermal Power Station,
- NAVA BHARAT VENTURES LIMITED 
- National Mineral Development Corporation, formerly (Sponge Iron India limited)
Kothagudem is known for its record high temperatures during summer, often crossing 48 °C (118 °F) mark. It also has two extreme temperatures in the state as it touches 10 °C (50 °F) during winters and 50 °C (122 °F) during summers. In the recent years the temperature has regularly crossed 50 °C (122 °F) mark.In the year 2014 May to June temperature has reached a peak of 53 °C (127 °F) mark, it is interesting to hear that media & government doesn't display the exact figures of recorded temperatures, as they have to perform some social activities such as sprinkling the water on the roads, hooking up the tents for pedestrians and travelers.Government doesn't provide sufficient funds to perform these activities and so this makes them not displaying the exact recorded temperatures.
The National Highway 221 (India), connecting Vijayawada in Andhra Pradesh and Jagdalpur in Chhattisgarh passes through Kothagudem. Kothagudem bus depot is one of the oldest bus depots in the district.Telangana State Road Transport Corporation plays a vital role in Kothagudem which connects to Hyderabad, Tirupati, Visakhapatnam, Chennai, Bhadrachalam, Khammam, Warangal, Godavarikhani, Vijayawada etc. The main Road connects to the Bus station and routes for Coal mines, Singareni Headquarters, Government offices, courts, stadium and many other government buildings etc., named after Mahatma Gandhi as M.G.Road.
Kothagudem Railway Station is referred as Bhadrachalam Road. This is one of the oldest railway stations in the Telangana. The train route initially started here for transporting coal to different parts of Nizam state. Later they started passenger Express trains to Hyderabad, Balharshah, Vijayawada, Warangal etc.
Sports and recreation
Kothagudem stadium is one of the oldest stadiums in the country. Eminent Cricket players of repute viz Mohammad Azharuddin, Arun Lal, Shivlal Yadav etc. played here through Ranji Trophy. The stadium also hosted several national tournaments including volleyball, Hockey, Kabbadi etc. under the aegis of Sports council of the state.
Pragathi Vanam , Rudrampur The Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL) has developed the garden abutting a natural pond as part of its initiatives to promote greenery.The sprawling garden encompassing a wide variety of flora, musical fountain and other striking features, near the CER Club at Rudrampur. It is a nice place to spend some evening time and has a separate path for walking & jogging around the beautifully illuminated park. Has a food court inside the park. And also has a small boating strip which is an added fun.
Places of interest
Bhadrachalam Temple, Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary, Thrimatha panchayatana Kshetram (Three Goddess Temple), only the first of its kind in India; Kinnerasani Dam, Nava Bharat Balaji Temple, Garimellapadu forests, Ganesh Temple, Wildlife sanctuary through the forests connecting Kothagudem and Palvancha,Ramalayam Temple etc., are notable places.
Media and communications
Akashvani (radio broadcaster) is serviced through Hyderabad-B (South Regional Service) with frequency 100.1 with 1377kHZ. It also services Telugu-language radio. Aakashavani Kothagudem is expected to embrace the digital technology for improving its transmission quality and expanding its reach beyond the primary expected coverage area. 
Kothagudem is regarded as the educational hub of Khammam district. There is a Kothagudem University College of Engineering, aliased Kothagudem School of mines, Kakatiya University],Only one of its kind in the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Besides these schools, the town has one of the oldest Government Polytechnic colleges in the state and Industrial Training Institutes in the state. There are many popular schools in this town:
- University College of Engineering, Kakatiya University
- Government Polytechnic college Rudrampur
- Nava Bharat Public School (First CBSE School in Kotagudem)
- Sri Ramachandra High School-First school established in kothagudem town in 1961.
- St. Joseph's High School - Rudrampur, Kothagudem oldest school established in 1963
- Little Buds High School, Babucamp, Kothagudem
- Pragathi High School, Kothagudem
- St.Mary's High School
- SCCL primary and High School, HeadPost Office,Kothagudem
- Swarnabharathi high School Ramavaram
- Triveni talent school-Laxmidevipally,kothagudem
- Nalanda Jr College, Laxmidevipally,Kothagudem
- Krishnaveni Jr College, Laxmidevipally, Kothagudem
- KLR College of Engineering & Technology.
- Sccl Women's Degree & PG college (Kothagudem) 
- Priyadarshini degree & PG college kothagudem
- ABDULKALAM INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGICAL SCIENCES
- Adam's Engineering College
and many prominent educational institutions are located in and around Kothagudem