Kothamangalam, Kerala

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Kothamangalam
Kothamangalam
Kothamangalam is located in Kerala
Kothamangalam
Kothamangalam
Location in Kerala, India
Kothamangalam is located in India
Kothamangalam
Kothamangalam
Kothamangalam (India)
Coordinates: 10°3′48″N 76°37′12″E / 10.06333°N 76.62000°E / 10.06333; 76.62000Coordinates: 10°3′48″N 76°37′12″E / 10.06333°N 76.62000°E / 10.06333; 76.62000
Country India
StateKerala
DistrictErnakulam
Government
 • Member of Legislative AssemblyAntony John(LDF/CPI(M))
 • Chairperson, Kothamangalam MunicipalityMr. K K Tomy (CPI(M),LDF)
Area
 • Total40.04 km2 (15.46 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total38,837
 • Density970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
686691
Telephone code0485
Vehicle registrationKL-44
Sex ratio1019 /
Websitenot%20available

Kothamangalam, IPA: [koːd̪ɐmɐŋgɐlɐm], is a municipality in Ernakulam district of Kerala, India.[2] The town is in the foothills of the Western Ghats, and is a part of the Idukki Lok Sabha constituency.

The town serves as the headquarters of a taluk and a municipality of the same name.

Geography[edit]

Kothamangalam is situated in the eastern part of the Ernakulam district. According to the division of the geographical regions of Kerala, Kothamangalam is in a mid-land region.[3] The general topography is hilly.

The Periyar, the largest river in Kerala, flows through the taluk. There are dams built across the Periyar at Edamalayar, Lower Periyar, and Bhoothathankettu for hydroelectricity generation and irrigation purposes. The current Kothamangalam region was historically known as Malakhachira (മാലാഖച്ചിറ).[4][5] Kothamangalamar, a small river which flows through the town joins Kaliyar and Thodupuzhayar to form the Muvattupuzhayar, which is the second largest river in Ernakulam.

Neighboring cities & towns

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 Census of India, Kothamangalam had a total population of 114,574,[6] 56,753 being males and 57,821 females. There are 30,067 households in the Kothamangalam municipality.[7] The literacy rate of Kothamangalam Agglomeration is 95.24%, in comparison to the national urban average literacy in India of 85%. The literacy rate of males and females were 97.04% and 93.48% respectively. There were 98,398 who were literate, of which 49,412 were males and the remaining 48,986 were females.

Administration[edit]

The Kothamangalam municipality was formed in 1978 and is the headquarters of the taluk. The municipality has an area of 40.04 km2 (15.46 sq mi) and is divided into 31 electoral wards. Elections to the local self bodies are held once every five years. From the elected municipal councilors, a chairman and vice-chairman are elected.

Kothamangalam is part of the Idukki Lok Sabha constituency;[8] until 2009, it was part of Muvattupuzha Lok Sabha constituency. Kothamangalam is also represented in the Kerala Legislative Assembly as a constituency. The panchayats in Kothamangalam Taluk are Nellikuzhi, Kottapady, Pindimana, Varapetty, Pallarimangalam, Pothanikkad, Paingottoor, Kavalangad, Keerampara, Vadattupara, Kuttampuzha, and Edamalakkudy.

Education[edit]

Transport[edit]

Air[edit]

Cochin International Airport is located at Nedumbassery, and services both domestic and international flights.[9] It is the first international airport in India to be built without central government funds,[10] and is the world's first fully solar energy powered airport.

Villages[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kerala (India): Districts, Cities and Towns - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  3. ^ Eranakulam. Kerala Government Statistics
  4. ^ Journal of South Indian History. Publication Division, University of Calicut. 2005. pp. 84–85.
  5. ^ In Quest of Kerala: Geography, places of interest, political history, social history, literature. Accent Publications. 1974. p. 57.
  6. ^ Kothamangalam Metropolitan Urban Region Population 2011 Census. Census2011.co.in. Retrieved on 2015-04-19.
  7. ^ Kothamangalam Block. Ernakulam.nic.in. Retrieved on 2015-04-19.
  8. ^ "Assembly Constituencies – Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 October 2008. Retrieved 19 October 2008.
  9. ^ "The Official Website of Cochin International Airport". Cochin-airport.in. Archived from the original on 26 March 2010. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  10. ^ "A novel venture in the history of Indian Aviation". Cochin International Airport. Archived from the original on 23 May 2006. Retrieved 23 May 2006.

External links[edit]