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6 August 1934|
Atmakur, Warangal, Hyderabad State (now in Telangana), India
|Died||21 June 2011
|Other names||Telangana Siddanthakartha; Father of Telangana|
|Alma mater||Osmania University Hyderabad|
Kothapalli Jayashankar popularly known as Professor Jayashankar (6 August 1934 – 21 June 2011) was an Indian academic and Social Activist. He was the ideologue of Telangana Movement. He has been fighting for a separate state since 1952. He often stated that unequal distribution of river water was the root cause of separate Telangana movement. He was the former Vice-Chancellor of Kakatiya University and an activist in the Separate Telangana Movement. Prof. Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University (PJTSAU) named in honour and memory of Professor Jayashankar, is the only Farm University of Telangana state which came into being in the event of the bifurcation from Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University.
Kothapalli. Jayashankar was born in Akkampet village, Atmakur mandal, Warangal in erstwhile Hyderabad state to Lakshmikantha Rao and Mahalakshmi of the Vishwakarma community. He did his schooling in Hanamkonda, Warangal and his M.A. in Economics at Banaras Hindu University, M.A. in Economics at Aligarh University and PhD in Economics at Osmania University, and BEd at Osmania University.
During the Nizam rule in Hyderabad state, it was mandatory for all schools to sing a song praising the Nizam, when the headmaster of the Markaji High School in Hanamkonda asked his students to sing the song, K. Jayashankar, then a Class VI student, defied the rule and sang Vandemataram. His biography "Voduvani Muchchata" written by Kompelli Venkat Goud was released by KCR and other prominent personalities.
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As a young student of intermediate, he walked out of his class in protest against state reorganisation in 1952. He also started in a bus to participate in 1952 Mulkhi Agitation. Then, in 1962, he was part of a campaign which rocked the region. He joined the movement for a separate Telangana state in 1952, when he was a student leader.
As a lecturer, in 1968, he participated in the revived agitation. He carried out his struggle for Telangana through research and academic studies, and by educating people on the cause. He is known as the original Telangana ideologue. He led several agitations since 1962, transforming into a mass movement after 1969 agitation.
He was associated with the Telangana movement efforts to obtain statehood for Telangana since 1952, stating with Non-Mulki go back and Idli Sambar go back movement. He wanted the "Puri Muttor" to populate the lands of Telangana. In 1969 Jayashankar formed a team with ten members to fight for Telangana. He was the only survivor while the others were killed in police firing. He then started Telangana Janasabha. It was banned by the Indian government. He authored a large number of articles and research papers, in English and Telugu, on various aspects of the Telangana Problem.
He was instrumental in forming the Telangana Development Forum (TDF, USA) in 1999. He was invited by the American Telugu Association (ATA) US, to speak about the Problems of regional disparities in Andhra Pradesh in July 2000 and July 2002. He was invited by the Telangana Development Forum (TDF) USA to give a series of lectures on various facets of the Telangana Movement in ten major cities of the United States during July/August 2000.
At the time of his death, he was the Chairman of Centre for Telangana Studies which is engaged in research and publication relating to problems of Telangana. He is the founder member of Telangana Aikya Vedika and was on its Executive Committee.
Professor Jayashankar was Registrar of the then Central Institute of English and Foreign Languages (CIEFL) before being appointed Vice-chancellor of Kakatiya University in 1991.
(i) Taught Economics and supervised research at Doctoral Level.
(ii) Made in-depth studies on the problems emanating from regional disparities in the levels of development with special reference to A.P.
(iii)Has to his credit a large number of papers published in the areas of Economic Development and Educational Economics.
He died on 21 June 2011 11.15 AM after battling stomach cancer. He did not marry and remained a bachelor all his life.
- Vice-Chancellor of Kakatiya University, Warangal (1991–94)
- Registrar of Central Institute of English & Foreign Languages (CIEFL), Hyderabad (1982–91)
- Registrar of Kakatiya University, Warangal (1979–81)
- Principal of CKM College, Warangal (1975–79)
- Board of Governors: Central Institute of English & Foreign Languages (CIEFL), Hyderabad
- Board of Governors: Regional Engineering College, Warangal
- Planning Board: Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala
- Andhra Pradesh State Council of Higher Education
- Search Committee: For appointing the Vice-Chancellor of Central Institute of English & Foreign Languages (CIEFL), Hyderabad
- Several Working Groups: Constituted by the University Grants Commission
- Senate: Osmania University, Hyderabad
- Academic Council: Osmania University, Hyderabad
- Senate: Kakatiya University, Warangal
- Academic Council: Kakatiya University, Warangal
- Academic Senate: Kakatiya University, Warangal
- Governing Body: SLNS College, Bhongir (also was its chairman)
- Governing Body: Lal Bahadur College, Warangal
- Governing Body: Sardar patel College, Secunderabad
- Advisory Board: Life Insurance Corporation of India
- President, and also general secretary: Government College Teachers’ Association, A.P.
- General secretary: Telangana Government College Teachers’ Association
- Member of the National Executive: All India Federation of University and College Teachers’ Organisations
- started Telangana Regional Teachers Union in May, 2000. (TRTU).
- Unequal distribution of water resources between Telangana, Andhra and Rayalaseema
- "Professor Jayashankar". Telanganastateinfo.com. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- "Ideologue of Prof Jayashankar & importance in Telanana Movement". 2 August 2016.
- ET (11 January 2010). "KCR meets PM for Telangana cause – Economic Times". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "Andhra Pradesh / Warangal News : Academics for separate Telangana". The Hindu. 15 September 2006. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "Telangana ideologue Kothapalli Jayashankar passes away – The Times of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 21 June 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "Jayashankar breathed Telangana till his last – IBNLive". Ibnlive.in.com. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "Jayashankar passes away". The Hindu. 21 June 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "Chasing the Telangana dream since 1952 – The Times of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 5 January 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "Telangana ideologue Jayashankar passes away". Indian Express. 22 June 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2014.