Kotoka International Airport
|Kotoka International Airport|
Accra Air Force Station
|Airport type||Public / Military|
|Operator||Ghana Airports Company Ltd|
|Serves||Accra, Greater Accra|
|Hub for||Africa World Airlines|
|Time zone||GMT (0+)|
|Elevation AMSL||205 ft / 62 m|
Kotoka International Airport (IATA: ACC, ICAO: DGAA) in Accra, the capital of Ghana, is an international airport, and has the capacity for large aircraft such as the Airbus A380. The airport is operated by Ghana Airports Company Limited (GACL), which has its offices on the airport property. GACL was established as a result of the decoupling of the existing Ghana Civil Aviation Authority (GCAA) in line with the modern trends in the aviation industry.
In 2014, the airport saw 2.547 million passengers. It presently serves as a base for domestic and regional operator Africa World Airlines. It is the sole international airport in Ghana.
The airport consists of three passenger terminals, named Terminal 1, Terminal 2 and Terminal 3. Terminal 1 serves only domestic flights, while Terminal 3 serves regional, international and long-haul operators. Terminal 2 is presently no longer is use after migration of all flights to Terminal 3.  There is also a VVIP terminal used for diplomatic flights, and a military terminal used for military operations.
The airport was originally a military airport used by the British Royal Air Force during World War II. The facility was handed over to civilian authorities after the war. A development project was launched in 1956 by President Kwame Nkrumah to reconfigure the structure into a terminal building. The project was completed in 1958, turning the military base into an airport with a capacity of 500,000 passengers per year. The airport was originally named Accra International Airport.
In 1969, the Accra International Airport was renamed Kotoka International Airport, in honour of Lieutenant General Emmanuel Kwasi Kotoka (1926–1967), a member of the National Liberation Council. Kotoka was killed in an abortive coup attempt at a location which is now the forecourt of the airport.
The airport company was registered in January 2006 and commenced trading on 1 January 2007, tasked with the responsibility for planning, developing, managing and maintaining all airports and aerodromes in Ghana, namely Kotoka International Airport (KIA), and domestic airports at Kumasi's Kumasi International Airport, Sunyani's Sunyani Airport and Sekondi-Takoradi's Takoradi Airport.
Construction officially commenced on 1 March 2016 on a new $274 million Terminal 3 which is capable of handling 5 million passengers a year, with an expansion potential of up to 6.5 million, and will be equipped with new state of the art facilities. The new Terminal 3 will handle 1,250 passengers an hour, equipped with three business lounges, large commercial and retail area and six boarding bridges. The terminal opened to passengers on 15 September 2018.
Controversy over airport name
There has been considerable debate over the years as to whether it was fitting to rename the airport from Accra International Airport to Kotoka International Airport after General Kotoka. Many argue that the airport was built by Nkrumah, and that it is not fitting to rename it after Kotoka, who led a coup to overthrow Nkrumah's government.
Airlines and destinations
- ^1 : This flight operates between Lagos and Accra. Air Namibia has 5th Freedom rights to carry traffic between Accra and Lagos.
Accidents and incidents
- On 5 June 2000, a Ghana Airlink Fokker F-27 en route from Tamale to Accra crashed on approach to Kotoka International Airport. Six people were killed.
- On 28 January 2009, a Ghana International Airlines Boeing 757 operating from Accra to London Gatwick, United Kingdom, with 96 passengers and nine crew reported anomalies with the control systems when climbing out of Accra. The crew declared a mayday and made a safe return to Kotoka International Airport where the remains of a beetle-like creature were discovered to be obstructing the left pitot system.
- On 2 June 2012, an Allied Air Boeing 727 cargo aircraft operating from Lagos to Accra on behalf of DHL with 4 crew overshot the runway while landing in heavy rain. At least 12 people on the ground were killed. The 4 crew all survived.
- On 10 January 2015 an ASKY Airlines Boeing 737-43QSF (leased to Ethiopian Airlines), was damaged beyond repair in a landing accident and runway excursion at Kotoka International Airport, Accra, Ghana. The aircraft was written off and there were no fatalities.
- On 25 November 2017, a Starbow ATR 72-500 operating a flight from Accra to Kumasi swerved off the runway during its take-off roll. None of the occupants were injured or killed in the incident, but the aircraft was written off.
- "Airport Traffic Statistics". Ghana Airports Company Limited. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- List of the busiest airports in Africa
- "A380 to Accra, Ghana from Dubai on Emirates | Travel News | eTurboNews". Travel News | eTurboNews. 2018-07-18. Retrieved 2018-08-20.
- "Ghana Airports Company Ltd". Retrieved 21 January 2018.. "Ghana Airports Company Ltd".
- "New Terminal at Accra Airport now fully operational".
- "Ghana Airports Company Limited | Home :: GACL". www.gacl.com.gh. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
- "New Terminal at Accra Airport now fully operational".
- "Kwame Nkrumah International Airport - Why Not?". www.ghanaweb.com. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
- "Renaming Kotoka International Airport- A slight difference". www.ghanaweb.com. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
- Graphic, Daily. "Rename Kotoka International Airport - Samia Nkrumah - Graphic Online". www.graphic.com.gh. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
- Cronos Airline Launches Direct Port Harcourt-Accra Flights
- "Fly Mid Africa Airline starts operations May 15, 2017". thepoint.gm. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
- "Cargo plane crashes in Ghanaian capital, killing 10 on bus". BNO News. 4 June 2012. Archived from the original on 18 January 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
- "Serious incident" (PDF). aaib.gov.uk (PDF).
- "Update: 10 dead as Cargo plane crashes into Hajj Village". edition.myjoyonline.com. 2 August 2012. Archived from the original on 5 June 2012.
Media related to Kotoka International Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Airport information for DGAA at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.