|Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon|
Gravina (2014) classifies Central Chadic as follows, as part of a reconstruction of the proto-language. Letters and numbers in parentheses correspond to branches in previous classifications. The greatest changes are breaking up and reassigning the languages of the old Mafa branch (A.5) and Mandage (Kotoko) branch (B.1).
- Bata (A.8)
- Daba (A.7)
- Mafa (= South A.5 Mafa (d)): Mafa, Mefele, Cuvok
- Tera (A.1):
- Sukur (A.6)
- Margi (A.2)
- Mandara (A.4):
- Mofu (part of South A.5 Mafa)
- Musgum – North Kotoko
- Kotoko Centre
- Kotoko South
Jilbe was not classified, as no sources were available.
The branches of Biu–Mandara traditionally go by either names or letters and numbers in an outline format. Blench (2006) organizes them as follows:
- Tera (A.1): Tera, Pidlimdi (Hinna), Jara, Ga'anda, Gabin, Boga, Ngwaba, Hwana
- Wandala (Mandara) (A.4)
- Mafa (A.5)
- Daba (A.7)
- Bata (Gbwata) (A.8): Bacama, Bata (Gbwata), Sharwa, Tsuvan, Gude, Fali of Mubi, Zizilivakan (Ulan Mazhilvən, Fali of Jilbu), Jimi (Jimjimən), Gudu, Holma (†), Nzanyi
- Mandage (Kotoko) (B.1)
- Buduma (Yedina)
Central Chadic classification per Newman (1977):
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Biu–Mandara". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Gravina, R. (2014). The phonology of Proto-Central Chadic: the reconstruction of the phonology and lexicon of Proto-Central Chadic, and the linguistic history of the Central Chadic languages (Doctoral dissertation, LOT: Utrecht).
- Languages are closer to each other than are those of the northern branch
- Blench, 2006. The Afro-Asiatic Languages: Classification and Reference List (ms)
- Central Chadic resources at africanlanguages.org