Kotor Varoš

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Kotor Varoš
Котор Варош
Coat of arms of Kotor Varoš
Coat of arms
Location of Kotor Varoš within Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Kotor Varoš within Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates: 44°37′20″N 17°22′13″E / 44.62222°N 17.37028°E / 44.62222; 17.37028Coordinates: 44°37′20″N 17°22′13″E / 44.62222°N 17.37028°E / 44.62222; 17.37028
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Government
 • Mayor Zdenko Sakan (Savez za promjene) [1]
Area
 • Total 564,26 km2 (21,786 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 22,001
 • Density 39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 51

Kotor Varoš or Kotor-Varoš (Serbian: Котор Варош) is a town and municipality in north-western Bosnia and Herzegovina, part of the Republika Srpska entity.

History[edit]

An early Christian (3rd–5th c.) basilica was discovered along with other Roman findings in the Šiprage area at the Crkvenica-Vrbanja river mouth. 12th-century stećci testify medieval settlement.[2][3] The original location of stećci was the Crkvenica-Vrbanja, from where they were removed and built into walls of the surrounding buildings (possibly due to the beliefs of their miraculous properties).[2] One of the best preserved stećak is submerged in Vrbanja.

It has been theorized that Kotor Varoš was mentioned in the De Administrando Imperio as "Katera" (Greek: Κατερα),[4][5] a part of the "land of Bosnia".[6]

The town was part of the Donji Kraji province of the Banate of Bosnia in the 13th century. In the 14th century, the town was the property of the Hrvatinić noble family.

Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina began in 1878 and ended with the establishment of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918, later renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The town was part of the Vrbas Banovina (1929–41), while after World War II it became part of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, a republic of Yugoslavia.

During the Bosnian War (1992–95), some religious and cultural monuments and landmarks were destroyed by Serb paramilitary groups, such as a Catholic church in the centre of the town, as well as all of the mosques. In the southern Čaršija (bazaar) quarter of the town nearly all houses were destroyed. Bosnian Serb-dominated parts of the town were largely unaffected. Bosnian Serb police and military forces devastated surrounding villages too, especially those upstream along the Vrbanja to Kruševo Brdo, as well as all non-Serb villages downstream to Banja Luka. All settlements in the Vrbanja valley were sacked and much of the Bosniak and Croat population left the municipality.[7][8]

Population[edit]

Kotor Varoš (municipality)
Census Year 2013 1991 1981 1971
Serbs 13.091 (66.41%) 14.056 (38.14%) 14.771 (41.36%) 15.255 (46.46%)
Bosniaks 05.234 (26.55%) 11.090 (30.09%) 9.667 (27.06%) 8.366 (25.48%)
Croats 01.116 (05.66%) 10.695 (29.02%) 9.572 (26.80%) 8.863 (26.99%)
Yugoslavians 000 (0.00%) 745 (2.02%) 1.269 (3.55%) 176 (0.53%)
Others and Unknown 000 (0.00%) 267 (0.72%) 434 (1.21%) 172 (0.52%)
Total 19,710 36,853 35,713 32,832
Kotor Varoš (settlement)
Census Year 1991. 1981. 1971.
Serbs 2.522 (34.03%) 1.310 (24.15%) 749 (19.99%)
Croats 2.432 (32.81%) 1.789 (32.98%) 1.490 (39.77%)
Bosniaks 1.800 (24.28%) 1.436 (26.47%) 1.342 (35.82%)
Yugoslavians 547 (7.38%) 787 (14.51%) 110 (2.93%)
Others and Unknown 110 (1.48%) 101 (1.86%) 55 (1.46%)
Total 7,411 5,423 3,746

[9][10]

Settlements[edit]

BaštinaBiliceBoljanićiBorci DonjiBorci GornjiĆorkovićiDuratovciGarićiGrabovicaHadrovciHrvaćaniHanifićiJakotinaKotor VarošKruševo BrdoLipljeMaljevaMaslovareObodnikOrahovaPalivukPlitskaPodbrđePodosojePostojePrisočkaRadohovaRavneSelačkaSokolineStopanŠiboviŠiprageTovladićVaganiVarjačeVečićiViševiceVranićVrbanjciZabrđeZaselje

Features[edit]

The city also features a large monument to the local partisans who died for Yugoslavia during the fighting with the German and Ustaša forces during WW2.

Sister cities[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.kotorvaros.org/kvcom/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=800:zdenko-sakan-novi-nacelnik-opstine-kotor-varos&catid=81:novosti-iz-kotor-varoa&Itemid=458
  2. ^ a b Radimsky V. (1892): Ostanci rimskih naseobina u Šipragi i Podbrgju, za tim starobosanski stećci u Šipragi i uz Vrbanju u Bosni. Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja u Sarajevu, Godina IV, Knjiga I: 75–80.
  3. ^ Richter E. (1905): II. Historička i politička geografija. Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja u Sarajevu, Godina XVI, Knjiga 1: 275–321.
  4. ^ Марко Атлагић; Branislav Milutinović (2002). Извори за историју Срба до XV века. Филозофски факултет. Шафарик претпоставл>а да је Катера Которско име у Босни, док С. Новаковић се колеба између два решен>а: Котор у Сарајевскод области или Котор на Врбан>и-притоци Врбаса. М. Прелог тражи Котор на југоисточнод ивици ... 
  5. ^ Zarij M. Bešić (1967). Istorija Crne Gore: od najstarijih vremena do kraja XII vijeka. Pedakt︠s︡ija za istoriju t︠s︡rne gore. У нащубл>ем неточном краку унутрапньег залива Боке Ко- торске подигнут je град Котор,58 уюпцештен измену ... та Дехатера, за разлику од Котора (Катера) у Босни. Барски родослов има све облике имена Котор: Decatarum, ... 
  6. ^ Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus (1993) [1967]. De Administrando Imperio (Moravcsik, Gyula ed.). Washington D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies. pp. 153–155. 
  7. ^ "KOTOR VAROŠ: ZLOČIN PO ZLOČIN – GENOCID". 
  8. ^ Tribunal international chargé de poursuivre les personnes présumées responsables de violations graves du droit international humanitaire commises sur le territoire de l’ex-Yougoslavie depuis 1991, Jugement rendu le: 27 septembre 2006: LE PROCUREUR c/ MOMČILO KRAJIŠNIK.
  9. ^ Book: "Nacionalni sastav stanovništva – Rezultati za Republiku po opštinama i naseljenim mjestima 1991.", Statistički bilten No 234, Izdanje Državnog zavoda za statistiku Republike Bosne i Hercegovine, Sarajevo.
  10. ^ Internet – Source: "Popis po mjesnim zajednicama" – "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 

Sources[edit]

  • Vojnogeografski institut, Izd. (1955): Prnjavor (List karte 1:100.000, Izohipse na 20 m). Vojnogeografski institut, Beograd.
  • Spahić M. et al. (2000): Bosna i Hercegovina (1:250.000). Izdavačko preduzeće "Sejtarija", Sarajevo.
  • Mučibabić B., Ur. (1998): Geografski atlas Bosne i Hercegovine. Geodetski zavod BiH, Sarajevo.