Kotor Varoš

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Kotor Varoš

Котор Варош
Coat of arms of Kotor Varoš
Coat of arms
Location of Kotor Varoš within Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Kotor Varoš within Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates: 44°37′20″N 17°22′13″E / 44.62222°N 17.37028°E / 44.62222; 17.37028Coordinates: 44°37′20″N 17°22′13″E / 44.62222°N 17.37028°E / 44.62222; 17.37028
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityRepublika Srpska
Government
 • MayorZdenko Sakan (Savez za promjene) [1]
 • Municipality544.26 km2 (210.14 sq mi)
Population
(2013 census)
 • Town
8,360
 • Municipality
19,710
 • Municipality density36/km2 (94/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)51

Kotor Varoš or Kotor-Varoš (Serbian Cyrillic: Котор Варош) is a town and municipality located in north-western Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013 census, it has a population of 19,710 inhabitants.

History[edit]

An early Christian (3rd–5th c.) basilica was discovered along with other Roman findings in the Šiprage area at the Crkvenica-Vrbanja river mouth. 12th-century stećci testify medieval settlement.[2][3] The original location of stećci was the Crkvenica-Vrbanja, from where they were removed and built into walls of the surrounding buildings (possibly due to the beliefs of their miraculous properties).[2] One of the best preserved stećak is submerged in Vrbanja.

It has been theorized that Kotor Varoš was mentioned in the De Administrando Imperio as "Katera" (Greek: Κατερα),[4][5] a part of the "land of Bosnia".[6]

The town was part of the Donji Kraji province of the Banate of Bosnia in the 13th century. In the 14th century, the town was the property of the Hrvatinić noble family.

Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina began in 1878 and ended with the establishment of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918, later renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The town was part of the Vrbas Banovina (1929–41), while after World War II it became part of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, a republic of Yugoslavia.

During the Bosnian War (1992–95), some religious and cultural monuments and landmarks were destroyed by Serb paramilitary groups, such as a Catholic church in the centre of the town, as well as all of the mosques. In the southern Čaršija (bazaar) quarter of the town nearly all houses were destroyed. Bosnian Serb-dominated parts of the town were largely unaffected. Bosnian Serb police and military forces devastated surrounding villages too, especially those upstream along the Vrbanja to Kruševo Brdo, as well as all non-Serb villages downstream to Banja Luka. All settlements in the Vrbanja valley were sacked and much of the Bosniak and Croat population left the municipality.[7][8]

Settlements[edit]

Aside from the town of Kotor Varoš, the municipality includes the following settlements:

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194833,198—    
195337,898+2.68%
196132,516−1.90%
197132,832+0.10%
198135,713+0.84%
199136,853+0.31%
201319,710−2.80%

Ethnic groups[edit]

Kotor Varoš (municipality)
Census Year 2013 1991 1981 1971
Serbs 13.091 (66.41%) 14.056 (38.14%) 14.771 (41.36%) 15.255 (46.46%)
Bosniaks 05.234 (26.55%) 11.090 (30.09%) 9.667 (27.06%) 8.366 (25.48%)
Croats 01.116 (05.66%) 10.695 (29.02%) 9.572 (26.80%) 8.863 (26.99%)
Yugoslavians 000 (0.00%) 745 (2.02%) 1.269 (3.55%) 176 (0.53%)
Others and Unknown 000 (0.00%) 267 (0.72%) 434 (1.21%) 172 (0.52%)
Total 19,710 36,853 35,713 32,832
Kotor Varoš (settlement)
Census Year 1991. 1981. 1971.
Serbs 2.522 (34.03%) 1.310 (24.15%) 749 (19.99%)
Croats 2.432 (32.81%) 1.789 (32.98%) 1.490 (39.77%)
Bosniaks 1.800 (24.28%) 1.436 (26.47%) 1.342 (35.82%)
Yugoslavians 547 (7.38%) 787 (14.51%) 110 (2.93%)
Others and Unknown 110 (1.48%) 101 (1.86%) 55 (1.46%)
Total 7,411 5,423 3,746

[9][10]

Economy[edit]

The following table gives a preview of total number of registred employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[11]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 300
Mining and quarrying 2
Manufacturing 2,998
Distribution of power, gas, steam and air-conditioning 45
Distribution of water and water waste management 43
Construction 84
Wholesale and retail, repair 342
Transportation and storage 126
Hotels and restaurants 112
Information and communication 24
Finance and insurance 25
Real estate activities 5
Professional, scientific and technical activities 27
Administrative and support services 91
Public administration and defence 193
Education 316
Healthcare and social work 115
Art, entertainment and recreation 7
Other service activities 55
Total 4,910

Features[edit]

The city also features a large monument to the local partisans who died for Yugoslavia during the fighting with the German and Ustaša forces during WW2.

Sister cities[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.kotorvaros.org/kvcom/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=800:zdenko-sakan-novi-nacelnik-opstine-kotor-varos&catid=81:novosti-iz-kotor-varoa&Itemid=458
  2. ^ a b Radimsky V. (1892): Ostanci rimskih naseobina u Šipragi i Podbrgju, za tim starobosanski stećci u Šipragi i uz Vrbanju u Bosni. Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja u Sarajevu, Godina IV, Knjiga I: 75–80.
  3. ^ Richter E. (1905): II. Historička i politička geografija. Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja u Sarajevu, Godina XVI, Knjiga 1: 275–321.
  4. ^ Марко Атлагић; Branislav Milutinović (2002). Извори за историју Срба до XV века. Филозофски факултет. Шафарик претпоставл>а да је Катера Которско име у Босни, док С. Новаковић се колеба између два решен>а: Котор у Сарајевскод области или Котор на Врбан>и-притоци Врбаса. М. Прелог тражи Котор на југоисточнод ивици ...
  5. ^ Zarij M. Bešić (1967). Istorija Crne Gore: od najstarijih vremena do kraja XII vijeka. Pedakt︠s︡ija za istoriju t︠s︡rne gore. У нащубл>ем неточном краку унутрапньег залива Боке Ко- торске подигнут je град Котор,58 уюпцештен измену ... та Дехатера, за разлику од Котора (Катера) у Босни. Барски родослов има све облике имена Котор: Decatarum, ...
  6. ^ Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus (1993) [1967]. De Administrando Imperio (Moravcsik, Gyula ed.). Washington D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies. pp. 153–155.
  7. ^ "KOTOR VAROŠ: ZLOČIN PO ZLOČIN – GENOCID".
  8. ^ Tribunal international chargé de poursuivre les personnes présumées responsables de violations graves du droit international humanitaire commises sur le territoire de l’ex-Yougoslavie depuis 1991, Jugement rendu le: 27 septembre 2006: LE PROCUREUR c/ MOMČILO KRAJIŠNIK.
  9. ^ Book: "Nacionalni sastav stanovništva – Rezultati za Republiku po opštinama i naseljenim mjestima 1991.", Statistički bilten No 234, Izdanje Državnog zavoda za statistiku Republike Bosne i Hercegovine, Sarajevo.
  10. ^ Internet – Source: "Popis po mjesnim zajednicama" – "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
  11. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska 2017" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba (in Serbian). December 2017. Retrieved 20 October 2018.

Sources[edit]

  • Vojnogeografski institut, Izd. (1955): Prnjavor (List karte 1:100.000, Izohipse na 20 m). Vojnogeografski institut, Beograd.
  • Spahić M. et al. (2000): Bosna i Hercegovina (1:250.000). Izdavačko preduzeće "Sejtarija", Sarajevo.
  • Mučibabić B., Ur. (1998): Geografski atlas Bosne i Hercegovine. Geodetski zavod BiH, Sarajevo.