Kotor Varoš

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Kotor Varoš
Котор Варош
Coat of arms of Kotor Varoš
Coat of arms
Location of Kotor Varoš within Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Kotor Varoš within Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates: 44°37′20″N 17°22′13″E / 44.62222°N 17.37028°E / 44.62222; 17.37028Coordinates: 44°37′20″N 17°22′13″E / 44.62222°N 17.37028°E / 44.62222; 17.37028
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity  Republika Srpska
Government
 • Mayor Dalibor Vučanović (SNSD) [1]
Area
 • Total 564,26 km2 (21,786 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 22,001
 • Density 39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 51

Kotor Varoš or Kotor-Varoš (Serbian Cyrillic: Котор Варош) is a town and municipality in north-western Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska.[1] [2][3][4]

History[edit]

Roman Ages[edit]

From the Roman period there are several sites in Šiprage at the mouth Crkvenica – in Vrbanja river ("at the field of Omer Bey Šipraga," 1891), discovered the remains of an early Christian Basilica (3rd - 5th century).[5]

Archaeological records confirm the existence of a Roman settlement in this location, while tufa stećci has testified to the Oldbosnian (Bogomils) settlement in the twelfth century.[6][7] The original location of stećci was confluence of rivulet Crkvenica and River Vrbanja (at the very rivers' banks).[6] They were cut out and built in the walls of the surrounding buildings (possibly due to the beliefs of their miraculous properties). One of the best preserved stećak is submerged in River Vrbanja, in the immediate proximity of its primary location.

Mediaval Bosnia[edit]

In the 7th century this area was populated by South Slavs who were mixing with the natives until the present day. The autochthonous population of "Dobri Bošnjani" (Good Bosnians) in Kotor Varoš area were the majority. The first Bosnian State was established in the 10th Century. According to the Chronicle of the priest of Duklja, half the 12th Šiprage's area is in province of Donji Kraji, dating back to 1322, 1323 and 1412. Stephen II Kotromanić (the Bosnian ban, 1322 -1353), gives away to Vukosav Hrvatinić (1322) the year of the parish Danica and Vrbanja with cities Ključ, and Kotor, as a personal possession, because he has this helped you when you download the Government in conflict with the Babunići (from Bosnia also). This feudal possession of Bosnia later, 1404. year even more bloated Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić, who called himself master of the Donji Kraji (the area of the Vrbas to over Sana river and later even more provinces).[8] Although the Hungarian Kings Louis I and Sigismund, tried to conquer Bosnia, not miscarriages. Even the Hungarian King Sigismund, and after 1411 year, Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić admitted the right of possession of the Donji kraji province. At that time, the cities of Kotor and Zvečaj in Tijesno (the narrow passage in the canyon of the Vrbas river) near Banja Luka had a strategic importance for the defense of the Bosnian State. The city was first mentioned in the 10th century, when it was called Kotor. Varoš, added later, means "town" in Hungarian (város). The town has great historic importance to Serbs, Bosniaks and Croats.

In the medieval ages, Kotor Varoš belonged to the old state of Bosnia, province of Donji Kraji, and after it was occupied by the Ottomans (1519).[9]

XiX and XX centuries[edit]

In 1878 to power come from the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy and remain until the occurrence of the First Yugoslavia. After the December 1, 1918, Kotor Varoš are in Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians, and Kingdom of Yugoslavia (to 1941). From 1929 to 1941, Kotor Varoš was part of the Vrbas Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. After the Second World War, Kotor Varoš was in FNRJ and SFRJ to 1992.

During the War in Bosnia (1992 – 1995), some religious and cultural monuments and landmarks were destroyed by Serb paramilitary groups, such as a Roman Catholic church in the centre of the town, as well as all of Muslim mosques. Also notable destruction was found in the southern "Čaršija" (bazaar) region of the town where nearly every single house was destroyed. Bosnian Serb-dominated parts of the town were mainly unaffected by the conflict. Serbian police and military forces devastated surrounding villages too, especially those upstream along the Vrbanja to Kruševo Brdo, as well as all non-Serbs villages downstream to Banja Luka. All settlements in the Vrbanja valley were sacked and local inhabitants (Bosniaks and Croats) killed or displaced.[10] [11][12][13][14]Many peoples are on the list of missing persons also.[15]

Population[edit]

Population of Kotor Varoš Municipality
Census Year 1991 1981 1971
Serbs 14.056 (38,14%) 14.771 (41,36%) 15.255 (46,46%)
Bosniaks 11.090 (30,09%) 9.667 (27,06%) 8.366 (25,48%)
Croats 10.695 (29,02%) 9.572 (26,80%) 8.863 (26,99%)
Yugoslavians 745 (2,02%) 1.269 (3,55%) 176 (0,53%)
Others and Unknown 267 (0,72%) 434 (1,21%) 172 (0,52%)
Total 36.853 35.713 32.832

Kotor Varoš (populated place), Ethnic structure[edit]

Kotor Varoš
Census Year 1991. 1981. 1971.
Serbs 2.522 (34,03%) 1.310 (24,15%) 749 (19,99%)
Croats 2.432 (32,81%) 1.789 (32,98%) 1.490 (39,77%)
Bosniaks 1.800 (24,28%) 1.436 (26,47%) 1.342 (35,82%)
Yugoslavians 547 (7,38%) 787 (14,51%) 110 (2,93%)
Others and Unknown 110 (1,48%) 101 (1,86%) 55 (1,46%)
Total 7.411 5.423 3.746

[16][17]

Settlements[edit]

BaštinaBiliceBoljanićiBorci DonjiBorci GornjiĆorkovićiDuratovciGarićiGrabovicaHadrovciHrvaćaniHanifićiJakotina • Kotor Varoš • Kruševo BrdoKruševo Brdo IKruševo Brdo IILipljeMaljevaMaslovareObodnikOrahovaPalivukPlitskaPodbrđePodosojePostojePrisočkaRadohovaRavneSelačkaSokolineStopanŠiboviŠiprageTovladićVaganiVarjačeVečićiViševiceVranićVrbanjciZabrđeZaselje.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vojnogeografski institut, Izd. (1955): Prnjavor (List karte 1:100.000, Izohipse na 20 m). Vojnogeografski institut, Beograd.
  2. ^ Spahić M. et al. (2000): Bosna i Hercegovina (1:250.000). Izdavačko preduzeće „Sejtarija“, Sarajevo.
  3. ^ kartabih
  4. ^ Mučibabić B., Ur. (1998): Geografski atlas Bosne i Hercegovine. Geodetski zavod BiH, Sarajevo.
  5. ^ Radimsky V. (1892): Ostanci rimskih naseobina u Šipragi i Podbrgju, za tim starobosanski stećci u Šipragi i uz Vrbanju u Bosni. Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja u Sarajevu, Godina IV, Knjiga I: 75-80.
  6. ^ a b Radimsky V. (1892): Ostanci rimskih naseobina u Šipragi i Podbrgju, za tim starobosanski stećci u Šipragi i uz Vrbanju u Bosni. Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja u Sarajevu, Godina IV, Knjiga I: 75–80.
  7. ^ Richter E. (1905): II. Historička i politička geografija. Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja u Sarajevu, Godina XVI, Knjiga 1: 275–321.
  8. ^ https://bs.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hvalov_zbornik&stable=0&shownotice=1
  9. ^ Malcolm N. (1996): Bosnia: A Short History. New, Updating Edition, New York University Press, ISBN 0814755615.
  10. ^ Gutman R. (1993): A witness to genocide: The 1993 Pulitzer Prize-Winning Dispatches on the "Ethnic Cleansing" of Bosnia. Macmillan Publishing Company, Inc., New York, ISBN 9780020329954.
  11. ^ Iris M. (2009). NAPA Bulletin, Passages: The Ethnographic Field School and First Fieldwork. John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 9781444306965.
  12. ^ „Families remember dead from 1992 Grabovica massacre ahead of Mladic trial. ITNSource. Reuters.
  13. ^ Irwin R. (2012):Mladic Trial Witness Describes Escaping Mass Killing. Institute for War and Peace Reporting. Retrieved 2014-08-12.
  14. ^ ICTY Prosecution: General Mladic had a hand in crimes. Sense. 16 May 2012. Retrieved 2014-08-12.
  15. ^ Fena, Agencija (2013): Obilježavanje 21. godišnjice stradanja Bošnjaka u Kotor-Varoši – Još se traži 277 osoba. Avaz, 03. 11. 2013.
  16. ^ Book: "Nacionalni sastav stanovništva - Rezultati za Republiku po opštinama i naseljenim mjestima 1991.", Statistički bilten No 234, Izdanje Državnog zavoda za statistiku Republike Bosne i Hercegovine, Sarajevo.
  17. ^ Internet - Source: "Popis po mjesnim zajednicama" - http://www.fzs.ba/Podaci/nacion%20po%20mjesnim.pdf

Gallery[edit]

Features[edit]

The city also features a large monument to the local partisans who died for Yugoslavia during the fighting with the German and Ustaša forces during WW2.

Sister cities[edit]

Populated places in Bosnia and Herzegovina