Kottakkavu Mar Thoma Syro-Malabar Church, North Paravur

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St.Thomas Kottakkavu Forane Church & Pilgrim Centre
Kottakkavu Mar Thoma Pilgrim Church founded by St. Thomas.jpg
Kottakkavu Forane Church & Pilgrim Centre, North Paravur
Location North Paravur
Country India
Denomination Syro-Malabar Catholic Church[1]
Founded 52
Founder(s) St. Thomas the Apostle[2]
Dedication St. Thomas
Past bishop(s) Mar Varkey Vithayathil
Functional status Active
Diocese Syro-Malabar Catholic Major Archeparchy of Ernakulam-Angamaly[3]
Bishop(s) Maran Mar George Alencherry

Kottakkavu Mar Thoma Syro-Malabar Pilgrim Church, North Paravur is a Syro-Malabar church established in 52 AD by St. Thomas, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ.[4][5] It is the first church in India and is called an Apostolic Church credited to the Apostolate of St. Thomas who preached and also started conversion of people to Syriac Christianity here. It was part of the Ezharappallikal (seven churches) that he established in India; the other six churches were established at Kodungalloor, Kokkamangalam, Palayoor, Kollam, Niranam, and Nilackal.[6][7]

Flag of Syro Malabar Church


Ramban Pattu
The Saint reached Kottakkayal

Where he taught the Holy Way

There within a span of a year

One thousand seven hundred

And another seventy of them

Were christened by baptism

Mar Sabor and Mar Proth[edit]

Mar Sabor and Mar Proth came from Persia to Malankara in the 9th century. They built and presided over a number of churches in Malankara operating in accordance with Saint Thomas Christians. The second church of Kottakkavu was rebuilt at this time. After their death they were remembered as saints and their name was given to this church. Kottakkavu Sliva, a Persian cross engraved on granite stone by Mar Sabor and Mar Proth, is preserved in the chapel in front of the church.[8][9]

Old church[edit]

The existing old church, the third church, was built in 1308. The ruined old church is again reconstructed in the 21st century.



  1. ^ Shyama Rajagopal (2013-09-21). "In Paravur, a slideshow of history". Thehindu.com. Retrieved 2015-07-02. 
  2. ^ "Kottakkavu church - place of religious importance, Ernakulam, Kerala, Muziris History". Keralatourism.org. 2002-08-15. Retrieved 2015-07-02. 
  3. ^ "Archdiocese of Ernakulam-Angamaly". Ernakulamarchdiocese.org. Retrieved 2015-07-02. 
  4. ^ "Syro Malabar Church Chronology". Syromalabarchurch.in. 1911-01-01. Retrieved 2015-07-02. 
  5. ^ Gazetter 1986, pp. 38, 623
  6. ^ "History | Payyappilly Palakkappilly Nasrani". Payyappilly.org. Archived from the original on 2015-07-04. Retrieved 2015-07-02. 
  7. ^ A Sreedhara Menon (2007). A Survey Of Kerala History. D C Books. p. 39. ISBN 8126415789. 
  8. ^ Dale A. Johnson (2013). Searching for Jesus on the Silk Road. Lulu.com. p. 58. ISBN 1300435313. 
  9. ^ "Stone Crosses of Kerala". Nasrani.net. January 16, 2007.