Kottarathil Sankunni

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Kottarathil Sankunni
Kottarathil sankunni.jpg
Born(1855-03-23)March 23, 1855
DiedJuly 22, 1937(1937-07-22) (aged 82)
OccupationWriter
NationalityIndian
GenreNovel, short Story
Notable worksAithihyamala
Notable awardsKavithilakan
SpouseSreedevi Amma, Lakshmy Amma, Devaki Amma
Relatives
  • Vasudevan Unni (father)
  • Nangayya (mother)

Kottarathil Sankunni (born Vasudevan, 1855–1937) was an Indian writer of Malayalam literature. Best known as the author of Aithihyamala, an eight-volume compilation of century-old legends about Kerala,[1] Sankunni's writings cover prose and poetry, including verses for Kathakali and Ottan Thullal. He was one of the founding members of Bhashaposhini Sabha founded by Kandathil Varghese Mappillai and was also involved with Bharata Vilasam Sabha, another literary initiative. He died on July 22, 1937.

Biography[edit]

Kottarathil Sankunni was born on March 23, 1855 at Kodimatha, in Kottayam district of the south Indian state of Kerala (erstwhile Travancore) to Vasudevan Unni-Nangayya couple.[2] The boy, whose name at birth was Vasudevan but was called Thanku, Sanku and later Sankunni, did his early schooling under the tutelage of a local teacher and later, studied Sanskrit under Manarkattu Sanku Warrier and traditional medicine under Vayskara Aryan Narayanan Mooss. He joined Malayala Manorama in 1890 as the editor of their poetry section during which time he tutored a few Britishers the language of Malayalam. In 1893, he was selected as a Malayalam teacher at M. C. High School.[2]

Sankunni married for the first time in 1881 but after the death of his first wife, married Evoor Panaveliveettil Sreedevi Amma in 1887. he married twice more, the brides were Panaveli Lakshmy Amma and Pengali Thekkethu Devaki Amma. He died on 22 July 1937, at the age of 82.[2]

Legacy[edit]

Bharatha Vilasam Sabha - Kottarathil Sankunni, Ulloor S. Parameswara Iyer, Kodungallur Kunjikkuttan Thampuran and Vallathol Narayana Menon are seen in the picture

Sankunni's contributions cover both prose and poetry, including Kathakali literature, Thullal, kilipattu, vanchipattu and other genres of literature.[2] His works include:[3]

He was also involved with two literary initiatives, the Bhashaposhini Sabha[4] founded by Kandathil Varghese Mappillai and the Bharata Vilasam Sabha, an organization where most of the literary figures of that period were members.[5]

Aithihyamala[edit]

Sankunni started compiling the legends of Kerala in 1909 and it took over a quarter to a century for him to complete the work. Aithihyamala (Garland of Legends), once completed was an eight-volume compilation of legends and old stories, popular in Kerala over the centuries. The work comprises eight volumes, containing 126 chapters.[6] It was first serialised in Bhashaposhini literary magazine. Later, it was published by the Reddiar Press in Quilon, in the early twentieth century. Kottarathil Sankunni Memorial Committee entrusted National Book Stall to reprint the work in 1974 and in 1991, D. C. Books published it in a new format.[7] The book is known to have sold over 150,000 copies until 2004. Index of Eight Parts of Aithihya Mala[1]

Book I

1. Chempakassery Raajaavu

2. Kottayaththu Raajaavu

3. Mahaabhaashyam

4. Bhartṛhari

5. Adhyaathmaraamaayanam

6. Parayi petta panthirukulam

7. Thalakkulaththoor Bhattathiriyum Pazhur padippurayum

8. Vilwamangalaththu Swaamiyaar

9. Kaakkassery Bhattathiri

10. Muttassu Namboothiri

11. Puliyaampilly Namboori

12. Kallanthaattil Gurukkal

13. Kolaththiriyum Saamoothiriyum

14. Paandamparampaththu kodanbharaniyilaey uppumaanga

15. Mangalappilly Moothathum Punnayil Panikkarum

16. Kaaladiyil Bhattathiri

17. Venmani Namboorippaadanmaar

18. Kunchamanpottiyum Mattappally Namboothirippaadum

19. Vayakkara Achchan Mooss

20. Kozhikkottangaadi

21. Kidangoor Kandankoran

Book II

1. Kumaranalloor Bhagavathi

2. Thirunakkara Devanum aviduththaey kaalayum

3. Bhavabhoothi

4. Vaagbhataachaaryar

5. Prabhakaran

6. Paathaayikkara Namboorimaar

7. Kaaraattu Namboori

8. Viddi! Kushmaandam

9. Kunchan Nambiaarudaey Ulbhavam

10. Valiya Parisha Shankaranaaraayana Chaakyaar

11. Aazhuvaanchery Thampraakkalum Mangalathhtu Shankaranum

12. Naalaekkaattu Pillamaar

13. Kayamkulam Kochunni

14. Kaipuzha Raajniyum Pulinkunnu Desavum

15. Orantharjanaththintaey yukthi

16. Pazhur perumthrukkovil

17. Paakkanaarudaey bhaaryayudaey paathivrathyam

18. Randu Mahaaraajaakkanmaarudaey swabhaavavyathyaasam

19. Kochchunamboori

20. Chempakassery Raajaavum Maeppaththoor Bhattathiriyum

21. Vattapparampil Valiyamma

22. Vaikkaththu Thiruneelakantan

Book III

1. Kiliroorkunninmael Bhagavathi

2. Poonthaanaththu Namboori

3. Aalaththoor Nampi

4. Vayaskara Chathurvedi Bhattathiriyum Yakshiyum

5. Raamapuraththu Warrier

6. Chemprayezhuththachchanmaar

7. Kochchi Shakthanthampuraan Thirumanassukondu

8. Ammannoor Parameshwara Chaakyaar

9. Cheranalloor Kunchukkarthaavu

10. Kottarakkara Goshaala

11. Thaevalassery Nampi

12. Chila eeshwaranmaarudaey pinakkam

13. Parangottu Namboori

14. Paakkil Shaasthaavu

15. Kodungallur Vasoorimaala

16. Thripoonithara kshethraththilaey ulsavangal

17. Aaranmulamaahaathmyam

18. Konniyil Kochchayappan

Book IV

1. Oorakaththu Ammathiruvadi

2. Swathithirunal Mahaaraajaavuthirumanassukondu

3. Pilaamanthol Mooss

4. Shasthamkottayum Kuranganmaarum

5. Mazhamangalaththu Namboori

6. Vayaskarakkudumbavum aviduththaey Shaasthaavum

7. Kaayamkulaththu Raajavintaey shreechakram

8. Kulappuraththu Bheeman

9. Mannadikkaavum Kampiththaanum

10. Shreekrishnakarnaamrutham

11. Kadamattathu Kathanar

12. Puruharinapuraeshamaahaathmyam

13. Tholakavi

14. Kunchukuttippilla sarwaadhikaaryakkaar

15. Achchankovilshaasthaavum Parivaaramoorththikalum

16. Avanaamanakkal Gopalan

Book V

1. Pallipuraththukaavu

2. Elaedaththuthykkaattu Moossanmaar

3. Kaipuzhathampaan

4. Kollam Vishaarikkaavu

5. Vayaskara Aaryan Narayananmooss avarkaludaey chikilsaanaipunyam

6. Chamkroththamma

7. Avanangaattu Panikkarum Chaaththanmaarum

8. Kuttanchery Mooss

9. Pallivaanapperumaalum Kiliroor Desavum

10. Kaadaamkottu Maakkam Bhagavathi

11. Oru europiyantheyantaey swamibhakthi

12. Sanghakkali

13. Kottarakkara Chandrashekharan

Book VI

1. Panayannaar kaavu

2. Uthram Thirunaal Thirumanassukondum Kathakali yogavum

3. Kaplingaattu Nambooriyum Deshamangalaththu Warrierum

4. Vijayadri Maahaathmyam

5. Naduvilaeppaattu Bhattathiri

6. Aaranmula Devanum Mangaattu Bhattathiriyum

7. Mundaempilly Krishna Maaraar

8. Mannaarassaala Maahaathmyam

9. Oru Swaamiyaarudaey shaapam

10. Pullankoottu Namboori

11. Panachchikkaattu Saraswathi

12. Vellaadu Namboori

13. Aaranmula Valiya Balakrishnan

Book VII

1. Chengannur Bhagawathi

2. Edavettikkaatthu Namboori

3. Payyannur graamam

4. Olassayil Vaettakkorumakan kaavu

5. Shabarimala Shaasthaavum Panthalaththu Raajaavum

6. Vaikkaththaey Paattukal

7. Perumpulaavil Kaelu Menon

8. Chempakassery Raajaavum Raajniyum

9. Vilwamangalaththu Swaamiyaar

10. Paambummaekkaattu Namboori

11. Kalidasan

12. Panthalam Neelakantan

Book VIII

1. Chittoor Kaavil Bhagavathi

2. Kalloor Namboorippaadanmaar

3. Thakazhiyil Shaasthaavum aviduththaey ennayum

4. Arackal Beebi

5. Thiruvizhaa Mahaadevanum aviduththaey marunnum

6. Pazhur perumthrukkovil

7. Thekkaedaththu kudumbakkaar

8. Mookkola Kshethrangal

9. Kumaramangalathhtu Namboori

10. Mandakkaattamanum kodayum

11. Thiruvattattaadhi Kesavan

Bibliography[edit]

Selected works[edit]

  • Śaṅkuṇṇi, Koṭṭārattil (2015). Aithihyamala. ISBN 9788126422906. OCLC 960468561.
  • Śaṅkuṇṇi, Koṭṭārattil (1931). Kṣhēthr̲amāhātmyaṃ. Tr̥śśūr: Maṅgaḷōdayaṃ Pr̲ass. OCLC 43104218.
  • Śaṅkuṇṇi, Koṭṭārattil (1935). Seemanthinīcharitaṃ: bhāṣānāṭakaṃ. Trichur: Keralodayam Press. OCLC 37527198.
  • Śaṅkuṇṇi, Koṭṭārattil (1909). Kuchēlagōpālaṃ: nāṭakaṃ. Tr̥śśūr: Bhārativilāsaṃ Accukūṭaṃ. OCLC 38510750.
  • Śaṅkuṇṇi, Koṭṭārattil (1980). Addhyātmarāmāyaṇaṃ (in Malayalam). Kottayam; Tiruvanantapuraṃ: Kottarathil Sankunni Memorial Committee ; Distributors, Kar̲ant̲ Buks. OCLC 11496946.
  • Śaṅkuṇṇi, Koṭṭārattil (1908). Lakṣmībhāīśatakaṃ: maṇipr̲avāḷaṃ. Tr̥śśūr: Bhāratavilāsaṃ Pr̲ass. OCLC 38510783.
  • Śaṅkuṇṇi, Koṭṭārattil (1908). Māṭhamahīśhaśatakaṃ: maṇipr̲avāḷaṃ. Tr̥śśūr: Bhāratavilāsaṃ. OCLC 39133272.

Translations into English[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Retelling culture". The Hindu. 1 October 2006. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d "Biography on Kerala Sahitya Akademi portal". Kerala Sahitya Akademi portal. 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  3. ^ "List of works". Kerala Sahitya Akademi. 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Bhashaposhini Sabha". Kerala Sahitya Akademi. 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  5. ^ Amaresh Datta (1988). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature: Devraj to Jyoti. Sahitya Akademi. pp. 1735–. ISBN 978-81-260-1194-0.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 June 2012. Retrieved 13 August 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ 1855-1937., Śaṅkuṇṇi, Koṭṭārattil (2011). Aitihyamāla. Kottayam: D C Books. ISBN 9788126422906. OCLC 769743773.

External links[edit]