Kottukal cave temple

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Kottukal Cave Temple

Kottukkal Cave Temple, also known as Kaltrikkovil in Malayalam, is an existing example of rock cut architecture, built between 6th and 8th centuries CE. It is situated in the village of Kottukkal, near Anchal, Kollam district, Kerala, India. The name Kottukkal (which means Kothiya Kallu- carved rock) is a reference to rock cut shrine. There are two caves of unequal size, both facing the east with the sculpture of the main deity Ganapathy in between.[1] The smaller cave has an idol of Hanuman and the larger one has a monolithic Nandi (bull) in it.[2] Lord Shiva is also a deity in the temple in the form of a Shiva Ling.[1]

According to local traditions, the big rock was brought to the area by the incarnations of Shiva including Nandi to the area, and another small rock near to it called 'chummaadu para' is believed to be the support to relieve the pain when the bigger hard rock kept in head. Historians read its origin back to the 7th century AD when 'Nedila Paranthaka Nedumchadayan' who ruled Chadayamangalam the nearby place, made the rock cut temple. It is now situated in the centre of a large extent of paddy fields and daily rituals are done under Travancore Devaswom Board. The calmness and tranquility of the area attracts the travellers, and one can reach the spot travelling 45 kilometers from Kollam.[3]


From Thiruvananthapuram, the MC Road leads to Nilamel, and then Chadayamangalam then local roads leading to Manjappara which from Ayoor bridge then to the temple. From Kollam, local roads lead to Ayoor first and from there to Kottukkal via Manjappara.


  1. ^ a b "Kottukal Kal Thrikovil Cave Temple". ananthapuri.com. Archived from the original on 20 November 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  2. ^ Sreedhara Menon A. (2008). Cultural heritage of Kerala. D.C. Books, Kerala. p. 135. ISBN 9788126419036.
  3. ^ "Kottukal Rock Cut Cave Temple". hampi.in. Archived from the original on 27 December 2010. Retrieved 25 December 2010.

External links[edit]