Koundinyasana (Sanskrit: कौण्डिन्यासन, IAST: kauṇḍinyāsana), or Sage Kaundinya's pose, is a hand-balancing asana in modern yoga as exercise. It may be performed with both legs bent (Dvi Pada Koundinyasana), or with one leg over the supporting arm, the other leg straight (Eka Pada Koundinyasana). Eka Pada Galavasana (Flying Pigeon Pose) has one leg bent, the foot hooked over the opposite arm under the body.
Etymology and origins
The pose is named after Kaundinya (Sanskrit: कौण्डिन्य), an Indian sage, and āsana (Sanskrit: आसन) meaning "posture" or "seat". The variations for one and two legs include the Sanskrit words for one (ek) or two (dvi), and pada (Sanskrit: पद) meaning "foot".
The pose is not described in medieval hatha yoga. It appears in the 20th century among the asanas described by B. K. S. Iyengar in his 1966 book Light on Yoga, and those taught by Pattabhi Jois in Mysore in his Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga. Both Iyengar and Jois were pupils of Krishnamacharya.
Koundinyasana is traditionally entered from tripod headstand, a variant of Sirsasana, but one can also get into the asana from Parsva Bakasana. Get the knee far enough up the triceps of the opposite arm before bending the elbows so that the core is fully engaged and the leg is less likely to slide down, making more work for the arms.
Eka Pada Koundinyasana has one leg stretched out straight in line with the body.
Eka Pada Galavasana (Flying Pigeon Pose) has one leg bent, the foot hooked over the opposite arm under the body. The full pose, Galavasana, has the legs crossed in Padmasana, one knee tucked between the arms.
Twentieth century advocates of some schools of yoga, such as B. K. S. Iyengar, made claims for the effects of yoga on specific organs, without adducing any evidence. Iyengar claimed that Koundinyasana massages and "tones the abdominal organs", helps to eliminate "toxins" by encouraging movements in the colon, makes the spine more elastic, and strengthens the neck and arms.
- "Eka Pada Koundinyasana I". Yoga Journal. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
- "Eka Pada Koundinyasana II". Yoga Journal. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
- Iyengar 1979, pp. 330–335.
- "Eka Pada Koundinyasana/ One-legged Pose dedicated to Sage Koundinya". Asana International Yoga Journal. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
- Sjoman, Norman E. (1999) . The Yoga Tradition of the Mysore Palace. Abhinav Publications. pp. 100–101. ISBN 81-7017-389-2.
- Pagés Ruiz, Fernando (May 2001). "Krishnamacharya's Legacy". Yoga Journal (May/June 2001).
- Rizopoulos, Natasha (9 August 2012). "Flight Club: 5 Steps to Flying Pigeon Pose". Yoga Journal. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- Iyengar 1979, pp. 325–329.
- Newcombe 2019, pp. 203-227, Chapter "Yoga as Therapy".
- Jain 2015, pp. 82–83.
- Iyengar 1979, pp. 332-336.
- Iyengar, B. K. S. (1979) . Light on Yoga: Yoga Dipika. Unwin Paperbacks. ISBN 978-1855381667.
- Jain, Andrea (2015). Selling Yoga : from Counterculture to Pop culture. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-939024-3. OCLC 878953765.
- Newcombe, Suzanne (2019). Yoga in Britain: Stretching Spirituality and Educating Yogis. Bristol, England: Equinox Publishing. ISBN 978-1-78179-661-0.