|Town and municipality|
The Evangelical (Slovak) church
Location of Kovačica within Serbia
|• Mayor||Milan Garašević|
|Elevation||78 m (256 ft)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Kovačica (Serbian Cyrillic: Kovačica; pronounced [koʋǎtʃitsa]) is a town and municipality located in the South Banat District of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. According to the 2011 census, the town has a population of 6,259, while Kovačica municipality has 25,274 inhabitants. It is widely known for its naïve art that the local residence make without any form of art school.
The town was founded in the 18th century, but there are records of small settlements dating from 1458. In the middle of the 18th century, this area was recorded as wasteland. Settlement was founded in 1750 and was settled (in 1751-1752) by Serb soldiers from Potisje and Pomorišje, after military frontier in these regions was abolished. In 1767, Kovačica was included into German regiment of Banatian Military Frontier. First Slovaks came here from Ečka and Aradac (in 1783) and after them, Slovaks from Arvas, Trenčin and Bekeš county came here as well (in 1801). From the middle of the 19th century, Kovačica is a center of municipality and cultural and social center of Slovaks in Banat.
Kovačica municipality includes the town of Kovačica and the following villages:
The municipality is divided into 8 local communities.
As of 2018 the population of Kovačica has dropped from around 6000-8000 people to around 3500 people because of the fast migration to Slovakia for better life conditions. Altho, Kovačica is not the only city with a fairly big population decline. most of the Slovak cities in Banat have this problem.
|Territory||Municipality of Kovačica||%||Banat|
|Area, km², 1999||419||4.26||9830|
|Number of settlement, 1999||8||4.02||199|
|Population by 1971 census||33489||4.44||754403|
|Population by 1981 census||32798||4.33||758321|
|Population by 1991 census||30469||4.18||729564|
|Total population age of 60 or more – by 1991 census||6342||4.51||140723|
|Total productive population by 1991 census||18700||4.12||453859|
|Total male productive population (age 15 to 64 ) by 1991 census||10016||4.19||238937|
|Total female productive population (age 15 to 59 ) by 1991 census||8684||4.04||214922|
|Share of agricultural population in total country population (%) by 1991 census||28.7||56.83||50.5|
|Share of agricultural population in active population in the country (%) by 1991 census||32||49.92||64.1|
|Number of households by 1991 census||10235||4.15||246839|
|Share of agricultural households in total number of households(%) by 1991 census||62.1||48.21||128.8|
|Increase in the population by year 2000||−184||3.67||−5009|
|Total number of employed||4232||2.52||168033|
|Females in total number of employed (%) by year 2000 - annual average||36.5||28.65||127.4|
|Income per capita (din) by year 1999||15660||28.05||55837|
|Income per capita (din) by year 2000||34548||27.95||123593|
|Agricultural area (km²) by year 2001 - Individual agricultural households and other||366.32||4.38||8360.14|
|Forest area (km²) by year 2000||0.39||0.15||268.60|
|Number of built apartments per 1000 citizens by year 2000||1.5||45.45||3.3|
|Total road length (km), by year 2000||74||2.99||2477|
|Phone subscribers, by year 2000||5779||3.27||176522|
|Net salaries per employee – average January /December 2000||2412||30.29||7963|
|Elementary schools 1999/2000 – end of a school year||8||3.69||217|
|High schools 1999/2000 – end of a school year||1||2.17||46|
|College 2000/2001 school year||0||0||3|
|Universities 2000/2001 school year||0||0||3|
|Graduated university students, 2000/2001 school year||0||0||146|
The ethnic groups in the Kovačica municipality are:
- Slovaks = 10,577 (41.85%)
- Serbs = 8,407 (33.26%)
- Hungarians = 2,522 (9.98%)
- Romanians = 1,543 (6.11%)
- Romani = 806 (3.19%)
- Others and undeclared = 1,419 (5.61%)
Communities with Slovak majorities are: Kovačica (Slovak: Kovačica) and Padina (Slovak: Padina). Communities with Serb majorities are: Crepaja, Idvor, Putnikovo and Samoš. There is one community with a Hungarian majority: Debeljača (Hungarian: Torontálvásárhely), and one community with a Romanian majority: Uzdin (Romanian: Uzdin).
Twin towns — Sister cities
Kovačica is twinned with:
- "Population by ethnicity – Kovačica". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (SORS). Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- Source: Stevan Kovačević, Gradovi Srbije u slici i reči, Beograd, 2010.
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