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Ковдор (Russian)
-  Town  -
Russian town Kovdor.jpg
View of Kоvdor
Map of Russia - Murmansk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Murmansk Oblast in Russia
Kovdor is located in Murmansk Oblast
Location of Kovdor in Murmansk Oblast
Coat of Arms of Kovdor (Murmansk oblast).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Murmansk Oblast
Administrative district Kovdorsky District[citation needed]
Administrative center of Kovdorsky District[citation needed]
Municipal status
Urban okrug Kovdorsky Urban Okrug[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census) 18,820 inhabitants[1]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[2]
Founded 1953[3]
Town status since September 20, 1965[4]
Postal code(s)[5] 184000
Dialing code(s) +7 81535[3]
Kovdor on Wikimedia Commons

Kovdor (Russian: Ковдор) is a town and the administrative center of Kovdorsky District of Murmansk Oblast, Russia, mostly known for its mining industry. Population: 18,820 (2010 Census);[1] 20,867 (2002 Census);[6] 30,478 (1989 Census).[7]


By 1965, Kovdor was work settlement in the suburban area of the town of Kirovsk.[4] By the September 20, 1965 Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR Decree, it was granted the status of a town under district jurisdiction and subordinated to Kirovsk Town Soviet.[4] However, by the June 28, 1967 Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR Decree, Kovdor was subordinated to Apatity—a town under oblast jurisdiction which was granted this status a year before.[4]


Lenina Street. A view to the chimney of Kovdorsky GOK

Kovdor is located in the center of a large mineral resources field. The town's industry is mostly tied to mining. A carbonatite mine is located near the town. Public limited company "Kovdor's Mining Plant" (Kovdorsky gorno-obogatitelny kombinat, or Kovdorsky GOK) is the largest company in the town and in Kovdorsky District. Kovdorsky GOK is a part of Russia's largest mineral fertilizer producer EuroChem.[8]

The area around Kovdor is rich in mica, iron ore, and vermiculite. The town named after Kovdoro lake.[9]

International relations

Twin towns and sister cities

Kovdor is twinned with:


  1. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ a b http://www.mojgorod.ru/murmansk_obl/
  4. ^ a b c d Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 57
  5. ^ Local post info http://www.russianpost.ru/PostOfficeFindInterface/FindOPSByPostOfficeID.aspx?index=18400
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ "About EuroChem". EuroChem. 2011. Retrieved November 8, 2011. 
  9. ^ Information about Kovdorsky District and Kovdorsky GOK

External links