Kovdor

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Kovdor

Ковдор
View of Kоvdor
View of Kоvdor
Coat of arms of Kovdor
Coat of arms
Location of Kovdor
Kovdor is located in Russia
Kovdor
Kovdor
Location of Kovdor
Kovdor is located in Murmansk Oblast
Kovdor
Kovdor
Kovdor (Murmansk Oblast)
Coordinates: 67°33′34″N 30°28′00″E / 67.55944°N 30.46667°E / 67.55944; 30.46667Coordinates: 67°33′34″N 30°28′00″E / 67.55944°N 30.46667°E / 67.55944; 30.46667
CountryRussia
Federal subjectMurmansk Oblast
Administrative districtKovdorsky District
Founded1953[1]
Town status sinceSeptember 20, 1965[2]
Elevation
209 m (686 ft)
Population
 • Total18,820
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
16,623 (-11.7%)
 • Capital ofKovdorsky District
 • Urban okrugKovdorsky Urban Okrug
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
184000
Dialing code(s)+7 81535[1]
Twin townsHaparanda Municipality, SallaEdit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID47703000001

Kovdor (Russian: Ковдор) is a town and the administrative center of Kovdorsky District of Murmansk Oblast, Russia, mostly known for its mining industry. Population: 18,820 (2010 Census);[3] 20,867 (2002 Census);[7] 30,478 (1989 Census).[8]

History

By 1965, Kovdor was work settlement in the suburban area of the town of Kirovsk.[2] By the September 20, 1965 Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR Decree, it was granted the status of a town under district jurisdiction and subordinated to Kirovsk Town Soviet.[2] However, by the June 28, 1967 Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR Decree, Kovdor was subordinated to Apatity—a town under oblast jurisdiction which was granted this status a year before.[2]

Economy

Lenina Street. A view to the chimney of Kovdorsky GOK

Kovdor is located in the center of a large mineral resources field. The town's industry is mostly tied to mining. A carbonatite mine is located near the town. Public limited company "Kovdor's Mining Plant" (Kovdorsky gorno-obogatitelny kombinat, or Kovdorsky GOK) is the largest company in the town and in Kovdorsky District. Kovdorsky GOK is a part of Russia's largest mineral fertilizer producer EuroChem.[9]

The area around Kovdor is rich in mica, iron ore, and vermiculite. The town named after Kovdoro lake.[10]

International relations

Twin towns and sister cities

Kovdor is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ a b http://www.mojgorod.ru/murmansk_obl/
  2. ^ a b c d Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 57
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  6. ^ Local post info http://www.russianpost.ru/PostOfficeFindInterface/FindOPSByPostOfficeID.aspx?index=18400
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  9. ^ "About EuroChem". EuroChem. 2011. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
  10. ^ Information about Kovdorsky District and Kovdorsky GOK

External links