|Governorate of the Russian Empire|
|Coat of arms|
|•||Order of tzar Nicholas I of 18 December 1842||1 July 1843 1843|
|•||World War I||1915|
|Today part of|| Belarus|
Kovno Governorate (Russian: Ковенская губеpния or Kovenskaja gubernija; Lithuanian: Kauno gubernija) or Government of Kaunas was a governorate (guberniya) of the Russian Empire. Its capital was Kaunas (Kovno in Russian). It was formed on 18 December 1842 by Tsar Nicholas I from the western part of Vilna Governorate, and the order was carried out on 1 July 1843. It was part of the Vilna Governorate-General and Northwestern Krai. The governorate included almost the entire Lithuanian region of Samogitia and the northern part of Aukštaitija.
|County||Area (km²)||Population in 1897||Population in 1914|
- William Henry Beable (1919), "Governments or Provinces of the Former Russian Empire: Kovno", Russian Gazetteer and Guide, London: Russian Outlook – via Open Library
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Kovno (government)". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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