Kovno Governorate

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Kovno Governorate
Ковенская губеpния
Kovenskaja gubernija
Governorate of the Russian Empire
Coat of arms of Kaunas
Coat of arms
Kovno Governorate (light red), 1843–1915
CapitalKaunas (Kovno)
• Order of tzar Nicholas I of 18 December 1842
1 July 1843 1843
• World War I
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Vilnius COA 1845.png Vilna Governorate
Ober Ost
Today part of Belarus

Kovno Governorate (Russian: Ковенская губеpния or Kovenskaja gubernija; Lithuanian: Kauno gubernija) or Governorate of Kaunas was a governorate (guberniya) of the Russian Empire. Its capital was Kaunas (Kovno in Russian). It was formed on 18 December 1842 by Tsar Nicholas I from the western part of Vilna Governorate, and the order was carried out on 1 July 1843. It was part of the Vilna Governorate-General and Northwestern Krai. The governorate included almost the entire Lithuanian region of Samogitia and the northern part of Aukštaitija.


The governorate was divided into seven uyezds:[1]

County Area (km2) Population in 1897 Population in 1914
Kovensky Uyezd 4,029 227,500 301,800
Novoalexandrovsky Uyezd 5,437 208,500 242,300
Ponevezhsky Uyezd 6,215 222,900 259,700
Rossiyensky Uyezd 6,485 235,400 279,200
Shavelsky Uyezd 6,922 238,000 294,500
Telshevsky Uyezd 5,306 183,400 216,000
Vilkomirsky Uyezd 5,866 229,100 263,600
Total 40,260 1,544,600 1,857,100


  1. ^ Vaitiekūnas, Stasys (2006). Lietuvos gyventojai: Per du tūkstantmečius (in Lithuanian). Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidybos institutas. pp. 86, 121. ISBN 5-420-01585-4.

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 54°54′00″N 23°56′00″E / 54.9000°N 23.9333°E / 54.9000; 23.9333