Kovvur, West Godavari district

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Kovvur
కొవ్వూరు
Govur
Town
View of paddy fields near Kovvur from train
View of paddy fields near Kovvur from train
Kovvur is located in Andhra Pradesh
Kovvur
Kovvur
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 17°01′01″N 81°43′52″E / 17.017°N 81.731°E / 17.017; 81.731Coordinates: 17°01′01″N 81°43′52″E / 17.017°N 81.731°E / 17.017; 81.731
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District West Godavari
Mandal Kovvur
Government[1]
 • Type Municipal council
 • Body Kovvur Municipality
 • MLA Kothapalli Samuel Jawahar (Telugu Desam Party)
Area[1]
 • Total 24.56 km2 (9.48 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 9 m (30 ft)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 39,667
 • Density 1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 534 350
Telephone code +91–8813

Kovvur is a town in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the mandal headquarters of Kovvur mandal in Kovvur revenue division.[4][5]

Etymology[edit]

This Town was earlier referred as Govur.[6]

Geography[edit]

Kovvuru is situated on the west bank of the Godavari River, at a distance of 92 km (57 mi) from the district headquarters, Eluru. It is located at 17°01′00″N 81°44′00″E / 17.0167°N 81.7333°E / 17.0167; 81.7333 and has an average elevation of 10 m (33 ft).[7]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[8] Kovvur had a population of 39,193. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Kovvur has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 66%. In Kovvur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. It is the only town in Andhra Pradesh where its literacy rate is increasing almost for 3 years.

Governance[edit]

Civic administration

Kovvur municipality was formed in the year 1965. It is a III–Grade Municipality, which is spread over an area of 24.56 km2 (9.48 sq mi) and has 23 election wards.[1]

Transport[edit]

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Kovvur bus station.[9] Kovvur is one of the fourteen D–category stations in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[10] Kovvur will be a Potential Railway junction Between both Telugu States After Completion of Kovvur-Badrachalam rd Railway line

Bridges[edit]

New Bridge[edit]

A new Bridge constructed few years back which provide connection between Kovvur Andhra Pradesh and Rajamundry Andhra Pradesh, India. Its only the Rail Bridge with U shaped curves on it. It has increased the speed of the trains between the two places mentioned above.

Godavari Arch Bridge[edit]

Arch Bridge

The bridge, built by the Hindustan Construction Company, for the Indian Railways, was designed by Bureau BBR, Switzerland, and checked by Leonard Andrea and Partners, Germany.[11][12] Construction on the bridge began in 1991 and lasted till 1997. It was commissioned for passenger traffic in March 1997 and became fully operational for running trains by the Indian Railways from 2003.

Old Godavari Bridge[edit]

Old Havelock Bridge and New Arch Bridge

The construction of the bridge commenced on November 11, 1897, and opened for traffic on August 30, 1900. The Bridge was named after Sir Arthur Elibank Havelock, the then Governor of Madras. Frederick Thomas Granville Walton served as the engineer-in-chief assisted by executive engineers R.A. Delanougerede, F.D. Couchman, J.E. Eaglesome.[3]. It has 56 spans each of 45.7 metres (150 ft) and is 2,754 metres (9,035 ft) long. Having served its full life span of 100 years, it was decommissioned in 1997, and Godavari Arch Bridge was built as a replacement for the bridge.

Road cum railway bridge[edit]

This rail cum road bridge is longest of its kind in Asia and second longest in the world. Its total length is 4.732 km. Finished in 1972 and inaugurated by the then President of India, Fakruddin Ali Ahmed, its total construction cost is 63 crores in those days. Locally it is called Kovvur bridge by people of Rajahmundry, as it connects Rajahmundry city with Kovvur town. It is also the most important connecting point of agriculturally rich East and West Godavari Districts.

Road Cum Rail Bridge

Assembly constituency[edit]

Kovvur is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. It is considered a stronghold of TDP, which won all the election battles here since its inception in 1983 except in 1999 when congress won with sufficient majority.K.S Jawahar is the present kovvur constituency's MLA, who won 2014 Assembly elections with 10,000 i.e.; with 51% majority votes against T.Vanitha (YSRCP). There are 1,63,295 registered voters in Kovvur constituency in 2014 elections.[13]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[14][15] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Municipalities, Municipal Corporations & UDAs" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "Elevation for Kovvur". Veloroutes. Retrieved 19 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  4. ^ "West Godavari District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. p. 431,466. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook - West Godavari" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 22–23, 54. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  6. ^ "The stream of eternity". The Hans India. 12 July 2015. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  7. ^ Kovvur is Main Gate for WestGodavari Dist from Northcoast of Andhrapradesh Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kovvuru
  8. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  9. ^ "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Archived from the original on March 22, 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  10. ^ "Vijayawada Division and stations" (PDF). South Central Railway. Retrieved 19 July 2015. 
  11. ^ "Godavari Bridge". Structurae. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  12. ^ Sinha, A. K. (2000). "Technical Paper on Design Aspects of the Third Railway Bridge Across Godavari at Rajahmundry". In Dayaratnam, P. Cable Stayed, Supported, and Suspension Bridges. Hyderabad, India: Universities Press. p. 219. ISBN 978-81-7371-271-5. 
  13. ^ http://www.indiastudychannel.com/sites/109882/-Vemuluru.aspx
  14. ^ "School Eduvation Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  15. ^ "The Department of School Education - Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 7 November 2016.