Kovvur, West Godavari district

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Kovvur
Govur
Town
https://goo.gl/images/nBOCc1
View of paddy fields near Kovvur from train
Kovvur is located in Andhra Pradesh
Kovvur
Kovvur
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 17°01′01″N 81°43′52″E / 17.017°N 81.731°E / 17.017; 81.731Coordinates: 17°01′01″N 81°43′52″E / 17.017°N 81.731°E / 17.017; 81.731
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District West Godavari
Mandal Kovvur
Government[1]
 • Type Municipal council
 • Body Kovvur Municipality
 • MLA Kothapalli Samuel Jawahar (Telugu Desam Party)
 • MP Murali Mohan
Area[1]
 • Total 24.56 km2 (9.48 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 9 m (30 ft)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 39,667
 • Density 1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 534 350
Telephone code +91–8813

Kovvur is a town in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the mandal headquarters of Kovvur mandal in Kovvur revenue division.[4][5]

Etymology[edit]

This Town was earlier referred as Govur.[6] According to Brahma Puranam, Kovvur(Govuru) is considered as the place of Gautama Maharishi Ashramam. He did farming in the surrounding regions to maintain his Ashramam Gautama Maharishi once he accidentally kills a cow, grazing in his paddy field, by throwing a darbha (sharp, pointed grass). Gautama becomes upset with this incident and offers a great tapas for Lord Shiva in Brahmagiri mountains. The god, pleased by his tapas, wipes away his sin and allows Ganga to flow in his farm to purify the place (Kovvur). The river thus originated is called "Godavari" which means "originated due to killing a cow". It is also called as "Gautami" in appreciation to the effort of the maharishi in bringing Godavari to earth. Gautama maharishi accidentally kills a cow in his farm and to clear out his sin, he offers a great tapas near Bhrahmagiri parvatas near Triambakam in Maharashtra. Lord Shiva pleased with his tapas allows Ganga to sanctify the region.

Kovvuru is a transformed name of Govuru which originated from the above story. The names of various places around Kovvuru highlight this fact. It is believed that Gautama established a Vijneswara temple in the South and a Kumaraswami temple in the North of his Ashrama. These are currently known as Vijjeswaram and Kumaradevam. The place where Gautama ploughed the farm was Arikirevula which is transformed to Arikirevu. Vadapalli, Munikoodali, Brahmanagudem were the places of rishis. The place where Ahalya lived was called Tougimi which is currently called Togummi. The place where the cow was Died was chavugallu which is currently called Chagallu.

Kovvuru Goshpada Kshetram is very sacred place and a must visit place during pushkaras.

Geography[edit]

Kovvuru is situated on the west bank of the Godavari River, at a distance of 92 km (57 mi) from the district headquarters, Eluru. It is located at 17°01′00″N 81°44′00″E / 17.0167°N 81.7333°E / 17.0167; 81.7333 and has an average elevation of 10 m (33 ft).[7] Kovvur Is The Most Peaceful Town In The District And Devotional Town, "Goshpada Kshetram" Very Well Known Tourist Place Where Godavari Pushkaralu Takes Place.[8]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[9] Kovvur had a population of 39,193. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Kovvur has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 66%. In Kovvur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.[10]

Governance[edit]

Civic administration

Kovvur municipality was formed in the year 1965.[11] It is a III–Grade Municipality, which is spread over an area of 24.56 km2 (9.48 sq mi) and has 23 election wards.[1]

Transport[edit]

The transport is mainly supported by the presence of bridges across Godavari River such as, the Godavari Bridge,[12] which is the second longest railroad bridge in Asia;[13] and the Godavari Arch Bridge, commissioned on 14 March 1997 for Howrah–Chennai main line.[14] While, the Old Godavari Bridge (The Havelock Bridge) was the earliest of all, built in 1897 and was decommissioned in 1997.[13][15]

Roadways[edit]

The town has a total road length of 70.45 km (43.78 mi).[16] The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Kovvur bus station[17] The depot was reopened in 2015.[18]

Railways[edit]

Kovvur is one of the fourteen D–category stations in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[19] Kovvur will become a Potential Railway junction Between both Telugu States After Completion of Kovvur-Badrachalam road Railway line.[20]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[21][22] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.There Are Many Famous Institutions Like ABN&PRR College Of Sciences, Sanskrit colleges[11] and Many Other Private Institutions.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Municipalities, Municipal Corporations & UDAs" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "Elevation for Kovvur". Veloroutes. Retrieved 19 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  4. ^ "West Godavari District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. p. 431,466. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook - West Godavari" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 22–23, 54. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  6. ^ "The stream of eternity". The Hans India. 12 July 2015. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  7. ^ Kovvur is Main Gate for WestGodavari Dist and is very close to the Rajahmundry City from Northcoast of Andhrapradesh Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kovvuru
  8. ^ "Where the Ganga flows as Godavari". Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  9. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  10. ^ "Kovvur Census 2011". Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  11. ^ a b "A Serene Town on the Banks". Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  12. ^ "Rail-Cum-Road Bridge to be Illuminated". 
  13. ^ a b R.R.Bhandari. "Bridges: The Spectacular Feat of Indian Engineering" (PDF). Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  14. ^ Dayaratnam, P. (2000). International Conference on Suspension, Cable Supported, and Cable Stayed Bridges: November 19-21, 1999, Hyderabad. Universities Press. p. 219. ISBN 9788173712715. 
  15. ^ Khan, Mukram. "The Havelock Bridge Memorial Stone". Flickr. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  16. ^ "Details of Roads in each ULB of Andhra Pradesh". Commissioner and Directorate of Municipal Administration. Municipal Administration and Urban Development Department - Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 1 August 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  17. ^ "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Archived from the original on March 22, 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  18. ^ "RTC depot restores link to Agency". Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  19. ^ "Vijayawada Division and stations" (PDF). South Central Railway. Retrieved 19 July 2015. 
  20. ^ "Centre Urged to Sanction Kovvur-Bhadrachalam Rail Line". Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  21. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  22. ^ "The Department of School Education - Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.