Kow Swamp

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Kow Swamp
Kow Swamp is located in Victoria
Kow Swamp
Kow Swamp
Location in Victoria
LocationMallee, Victoria
Coordinates35°57′34″S 144°17′44″E / 35.95944°S 144.29556°E / -35.95944; 144.29556Coordinates: 35°57′34″S 144°17′44″E / 35.95944°S 144.29556°E / -35.95944; 144.29556[1]
TypeFreshwater / Swamp / Wetland
Basin countriesAustralia
Max. length7 km (4.3 mi)
Max. width4 km (2.5 mi)
Surface area24 km2 (9.3 sq mi)
Average depth3 m (9.8 ft)
Water volume51,730 ML (1.138×1010 imp gal; 1.367×1010 US gal)
Surface elevation85 m (279 ft)

The Kow Swamp, a freshwater lake[citation needed] and wetland, was formerly a swamp, that is now used for water storage. The lake is located in the Mallee region in north-central Victoria, Australia.


Kow Swamp lies in the Murray River valley, about 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi) west of the town of Gunbower and the Murray River, in the Shire of Campaspe. Its name comes from the Aboriginal word Ghow which refers to the white gypsum soil found at the swamp. It is a popular site for recreational fishing. Approximately 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) in length and 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) in width, the lake has a circumference of 15 kilometres (9.3 mi).[2]


In the late 19th century Kow Swamp was managed by local irrigation trusts for off-river storage. In 1900 the capacity was increased to 51,730 megalitres (1.138×1010 imp gal; 1.367×1010 US gal).[2]


Kow Swamp is an archaeological site which has produced human skeletal remains dating from the late Pleistocene, over 10,000 years ago.[2]


  1. ^ "Kow Swamp". Vicnames. Government of Victoria. 2 May 1966. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  2. ^ a b c "Kow Swamp". Goulburn-Murray Water. Retrieved 2012-03-04.