Kowloon East (constituency)

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Kowloon East
Geographical Constituency
for the Legislative Council of Hong Kong
Outline map
Boundary of Kowloon East in Hong Kong
Region Kowloon
Electorate 601,566[1]
Current constituency
Created 1998
Number of members Five
Member(s) Wong Kwok-kin (FTU)
Wu Chi-wai (Democratic)
Paul Tse (Independent)
Wilson Or (DAB)
Jeremy Tam (Civic)
Created from Kowloon South-east,
Kowloon East,
Kowloon North-east

Kowloon East is a Hong Kong geographical constituency in the Legislative Council of Hong Kong.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency loosely corresponds to the today's districts of Wong Tai Sin and Kwun Tong.

History[edit]

The constituency was formed since the 1998 legislative election, replacing a number of single-member constituencies in 1995. These were Kowloon East and parts of Kowloon Central in the 1991 election with dual-seat constituency dual vote system and Kowloon Southeast, Kowloon East, and Kowloon Northeast in the 1995 election. From 1985 to 1991, the seats were elected by the electoral colleges composed of the members of the district boards and Urban Council.

LegCo members for former Kowloon East constituencies, 1985–1997
1985–1988 Kwun Tong Wong Tai Sin Part of
Kowloon City
constituency
Poon Chi-fai
(PHKS)
Conrad Lam
(Independent)
1988–1991 Michael Cheng
(LDF)
1991–1995 Kowloon East Kowloon Central
Szeto Wah
(Democratic)
Fred Li
(Democratic)
Conrad Lam
(Democratic)
Lau Chin-shek
(Democratic)
Lee Cheuk-yan
(CTU)
1995–1997 Kowloon
East
Kowloon
South-east
Kowloon
North-east
Kowloon Central Becoming
part of
Kowloon South
constituency
Szeto Wah
(Democratic)
Fred Li
(Democratic)
Chan Yuen-han
(DAB)
Bruce Liu
(ADPL)

Return members[edit]

Below are all the members since the creation of the Kowloon East constituency. The number of seats allocated to Kowloon East has been increased from 3 to 4 between 1998 and 2008 due to the enlargement.

LegCo members for Kowloon East, 1998 onwards
Term Election Member Member Member Member Member
1st 1998 Szeto Wah
(Democratic)
Chan Yuen-han
(FTU)
Fred Li
(Democratic)
2nd 2000 Chan Kam-lam
(DAB)
3rd 2004 Albert Cheng
(Independent)
Alan Leong
(Civic)
4th 2008 Seat
abolished
Wong Kwok-kin
(FTU)
2010 by
5th 2012 Paul Tse
(Independent)
Wu Chi-wai
(Democratic)
6th 2016 Wilson Or
(DAB)
Jeremy Tam
(Civic)

Summary of seats won[edit]

1998 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016
Democratic 2 2 1 1 1 1
DAB 1 2 1 1 1 1
FTU 1 1 1 1
Civic 1 1 1
Independent 2 1 1
Pro-democracy 2 2 3 2 2 2
Pro-Beijing 1 2 2 2 3 3
Seats 3 4 5 4 5 5

Vote share summary[edit]

1998 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016
Democratic 55.8 45.3 19.2 27.3 15.4 15.3
DAB 41.8 47.4 18.8 22.6 16.7 15.7
FTU 17.9 21.3 14.3 14.4
Civic 16.6 14.6 13.8
LSD 12.1 9.6
People Power 12.9 9.7
Civic Passion 10.1
KEC 3.9
Independent and Others 2.4 7.4 44.1 16.6 17.2
Pro-democracy 55.8 45.3 63.3 56.0 55.5 54.8
Pro-Beijing 41.8 47.4 36.7 43.9 44.5 45.2

Election results[edit]

The largest remainder method (with Hare quota) of the proportional representative electoral system was introduced in 1998, replacing the single-member constituencies of the 1995 election. Elected candidates are shown in bold. Brackets indicate the quota + remainder.

2010s[edit]

2016 LegCo Election Kowloon East.svg
1 1 1 1 1
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Vote share

  DAB (15.66%)
  Democratic (15.29%)
  FTU (14.38%)
  Civic (13.80%)
  Civic Passion (10.11%)
  People Power (9.67%)
  KEC (3.91%)
  Frontier (0.79%)
  VLHK (0.74%)
  Other (15.65%)
Legislative Election 2016: Kowloon East
List Candidates Votes % ±
DAB Wilson Or Chong-shing
Joe Lai Wing-ho, Jack Cheung Ki-tang
51,516 15.66 –0.99
Democratic Wu Chi-wai
Mok Kin-shing, Cheng Keng-ieong, Wu Chi-kin
50,309 15.29 –0.08
Nonpartisan Paul Tse Wai-chun 47,527 14.45 +0.91
FTU Wong Kwok-kin
Chow Luen-kiu, Kan Ming-tung, Kwok Wang-hing
47,318 14.38 +0.04
Civic Jeremy Jansen Tam Man-ho
Alan Leong Kah-kit
45,408 13.80 –0.83
Civic Passion Wong Yeung-tat 33,271 10.11 N/A
People Power Tam Tak-chi 31,815 9.67 –3.18
KEC Chan Chak-to 12,854 3.91 N/A
Frontier Tam Heung-man 2,603 0.79 –1.17
Labour Wu Sui-shan, Chiu Shi-shun 2,535 0.77 N/A
VLHK Patrick Ko Tat-pun 2,444 0.74 N/A
Nonpartisan Lui Wing-kei 1,393 0.42 N/A
Total valid votes 328,993 100
Rejected ballots 7,754
Turnout 336,738 55.98 +4.01
Registered electors 601,566
2012 LegCo Election Kowloon East.svg
1 1 1 1 1
Circle frame.svg

Vote share

  DAB (16.65%)
  Democratic (15.37%)
  Civic (14.63%)
  FTU (14.34%)
  People Power (12.85%)
  LSD (9.57%)
  Other (16.59%)
Legislative Election 2012: Kowloon East
List Candidates Votes % ±
DAB Chan Kam-lam
Joe Lai Wing-ho, Hung Kam-in, Wilson Or Chong-shing
47,415 16.65 −5.95
Democratic Wu Chi-wai
Mok Kin-shing, Hon Ka-ming
43,764 15.37 −5.03
Civic Alan Leong Kah-kit
Jeremy Jansen Tam Man-ho
41,669 14.63 −1.97
FTU Wong Kwok-kin
Kan Ming-tung, Mok Kin-wing, Ho Kai-ming
40,824 14.34 −6.96
Independent Paul Tse Wai-chun 38,546 13.54 N/A
People Power Wong Yeung-tat, Chan Sau-wai 36,608 12.85 N/A
LSD Andrew To Kwan-hang 27,253 9.57 −2.68
Independent Tam Heung-man 5,440 1.91 N/A
Nonpartisan Kay Yim Fung-chi, Chan Heung-yin 3,263 1.15 N/A
Total valid votes 284,782 100.00
Rejected ballots 5,979
Turnout 290,761 51.97 +9.12
Registered electors 559,528
Kowloon East by-election 2010[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Civic Alan Leong Kah-kit 82,066 92.5
Tertiary 2012 Lai King-fai 6,630 7.5
Majority 75,436 85.0
Total valid votes 88,696 100.0
Rejected ballots 2,530
Turnout 91,226 16.8
Registered electors 543,253
Civic hold Swing

2000s[edit]

2008 LegCo Election Kowloon East.svg
1 1 1 1
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Vote share

  Democratic (27.3%)
  DAB (22.6%)
  FTU (21.3%)
  Civic (16.6%)
  LSD (12.2%)
  Other (0%)
Legislative Election 2008: Kowloon East[3]
List Candidates Votes % ±
DAB Chan Kam-lam
Joe Lai Wing-ho, Maggie Chan Man-ki, Hung Kam-in
53,472 22.6 +3.8
FTU Wong Kwok-kin
Chan Yuen-han, Peter Wong Kit-hin, Kan Ming-tung
50,320 21.3 −3.4
Democratic Fred Li Wah-ming
Kai Ming-wah, Wong Kai-ming, Wong Wai-tag
48,124 20.4 +1.2
Civic Alan Leong Kah-kit
Yu Kwun-wai, Wong Hok-ming
39,274 16.6 −2.5
LSD Andrew To Kwan-hang 28,690 12.1 −12.9
Democratic Wu Chi-wai 16,365 6.9 N/A
Total valid votes 236,245 100.00
Rejected ballots 1,691
Turnout 237,936 44.01 −12.45
Registered electors 540,649
2004 LegCo Election Kowloon East.svg
1 2 1 1
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Vote share

  Democratic (19.2%)
  DAB (18.8%)
  FTU (17.9%)
  Other (44.1%)
Legislative Election 2004: Kowloon East[4]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Nonpartisan (Frontier) Albert Cheng Jing-han
Andrew To Kwan-hang
73,279 25.0
(20+4.99)
N/A
Democratic Fred Li Wah-ming
Wu Chi-wai, Ho Wai-to
56,462 19.2 −26.1
Independent Alan Leong Kah-kit 56,175 19.1 N/A
DAB (FTU) Chan Kam-lam
Choi Chun-wa, Chan Tak-ming
55,306 18.8 N/A
FTU (DAB) Chan Yuen-han
Lam Man-fai, Tang Ka-piu
52,564 17.9 N/A
Total valid votes 293,986 100.00
Rejected ballots 2,384
Turnout 296,370 56.46 +11.74
Registered electors 524,896
2 2
Circle frame.svg

Vote share

  DAB (47.4%)
  Democratic (45.3%)
  Other (7.3%)
Legislative Election 2000: Kowloon East[5]
List Candidates Votes % ±
DAB Chan Yuen-han, Chan Kam-lam
Lam Man-fai, Angelis Chan Joy-kong
108,587 47.4
(25+22.36)
+5.62
Democratic Szeto Wah, Fred Li Wah-ming
Wu Chi-wai, Andrew To Kwan-hang
103,863 45.3
(25+20.3)
−10.5
Lam Hoi-shing 9,805 4.3 N/A
Shi Kai-biu, Lam Wai-yin 7,023 3.1 N/A
Total valid votes 229,278 100.00
Rejected ballots 2,384
Turnout 296,370 44.72 –9.69
Registered electors 518,035

1990s[edit]

2 1
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Vote share

  Democratic (55.8%)
  DAB (41.8%)
  Other (2.4%)
Legislative Election 1998: Kowloon East[6]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Democratic Szeto Wah, Fred Li Wah-ming
Mak Hoi-wah
145,986 55.80
(33.33+22.47)
DAB Chan Yuen-han
Kwok Bit-chun, Lam Man-fai
109,296 41.78
(33.33+8.45)
Fok Pui-yee 6,339 2.42
Total valid votes 261,621 100.00
Rejected ballots 1,679
Turnout 263,300 54.41
Registered electors 483,875

1995 Constituencies[edit]

Kowloon North-east[edit]

Legislative Election 1995: Kowloon North-east[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
DAB Chan Yuen-han 25,922 52.77
Democratic Mak Hoi-wah 23,201 47.23
Majority 2,721 5.54
DAB win (new seat)

Kowloon East[edit]

Legislative Election 1995: Kowloon East[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Szeto Wah 29,627 55.40
Independent Elsie Tu 23,855 44.60
Majority 5,772 10.80
Democratic win (new seat)

Kowloon South-east[edit]

Legislative Election 1995: Kowloon South-east[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Li Wah-ming 30,133 50.95
DAB Tam Yiu-chung 29,009 49.05
Majority 1,124 1.90
Democratic win (new seat)

1991 Constituencies[edit]

Dual-seat constituency dual vote system was used with two seats to be filled in each constituency.

Kowloon East[edit]

Legislative Election 1991: Kowloon East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
United Democrats Szeto Wah 57,921 37.8
Meeting Point Fred Li Wah-ming 49,643 32.4
KTRA Hau Shui-pui 21,225 13.9
Independent Poon Chi-fai 16,625 10.9
October Review Chan Cheong 3,431 2.2
TUC Li Ting-kit 3,393 2.2
LDF Philip Li Koi-hop 865 0.6
Turnout 82,405 38.0
United Democrats win (new seat)
Meeting Point win (new seat)

1985–88 Electoral Colleges[edit]

Wong Tai Sin[edit]

Legislative Election 1988: Wong Tai Sin
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PHKS Michael Cheng Tak-kin 16 55.17
Nonpartisan Conrad Lam Kui-shing 13
Nonpartisan gain from Nonpartisan Swing
Legislative Election 1985: Wong Tai Sin
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Nonpartisan Conrad Lam Kui-shing 16 51.61
PHKS Liu Kwun-sing 15 48.39
Nonpartisan win (new seat)

Kwun Tong[edit]

Legislative Election 1988: Kwun Tong
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PHKS Poon Chi-fai 21 63.64
Meeting Point Fred Li Wah-ming 12 36.36
PHKS hold Swing
Legislative Election 1985: Kwun Tong
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Nonpartisan Poon Chi-fai 18 62.07
Nonpartisan Cheng Kwan-shun 11 37.93
Meeting Point Fred Li Wah-ming 0 0
Nonpartisan win (new seat)

See also[edit]

References[edit]