Kowloon Masjid and Islamic Centre

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Kowloon Mosque and Islamic Centre
九龍清真寺暨伊斯蘭中心
Kowloon Masjid
مسجد كاولون والمركز الإسلامي
Kowloon Masjid and Islamic Centre from East 2.jpg
A view of the Kowloon Mosque from above (from the east).
Religion
AffiliationSunni Islam
Location
Location105 Nathan Road, Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong
MunicipalityKowloon
Kowloon Masjid and Islamic Centre is located in Hong Kong
Kowloon Masjid and Islamic Centre
Shown within Hong Kong
Geographic coordinatesCoordinates: 22°17′55″N 114°10′18″E / 22.298733°N 114.171719°E / 22.298733; 114.171719
Architecture
Architect(s)I. M. Kadri
TypeMosque
StyleIslamic
Completed1896 (original building)
11 May 1984 (current building)[1]
Construction costHK$ 25 million
Specifications
Capacity3,500 people
Dome(s)1
Dome height (outer)9 meters
Dome dia. (outer)5 meters
Minaret(s)4
Minaret height11 meters
Website
kowloonmosque.com
Kowloon Masjid and Islamic Centre
Traditional Chinese九龍清真寺暨伊斯蘭中心
Simplified Chinese九龙清真寺暨伊斯兰中心
Kowloon Mosque prayer hall
Open Day in 2011

Kowloon Masjid and Islamic Centre or Kowloon Mosque (Chinese: 九龍清真寺暨伊斯蘭中心) is one of five main mosques in Hong Kong.[2] Located in Kowloon, in the Tsim Sha Tsui area at the intersection of Nathan Road and Haiphong Road, besides Kowloon Park, this mosque is currently the largest in Hong Kong. The mosque holds five prayers daily and is capable of accommodating up to 3,500 people.

History[edit]

The Kowloon Mosque and Islamic Centre was first established in 1896 by the Hong Kong Regiment, on the site where the Tsim Sha Tsui Police Station now stands. It was originally intended to serve the Indian Muslim troops of the British Army stationed at the nearby Whitfield Barracks, now the site of the adjacent Kowloon Park.

In the late 1970s, the building suffered structural issues due to the underground construction carried out for the Mass Transit Railway. With compensation provided by MTR Corporation and donations from the local Muslim community, a new mosque was built and opened on 11 May 1984 on the present site at 105 Nathan Road to replace the old one.

Currently, the mosque primarily serves Muslims from South Asia and Indonesia. Many of them also live in Tsim Sha Tsui, where ethnic minorities have settled. This also explains why it also plays an important role as a cultural site for non-Chinese Muslims in Hong Kong.[3]

Vendors selling South Asian items at Chungking Mansions are close to the Kowloon Mosque (opposite the mosque, across the road).[4]

The building[edit]

This mosque, designed by architect I.M. Kadri, represents the unique identity of the Muslim community in Hong Kong. Decorated and elaborate, the traditional Muslim architecture of the mosque contrasts from the modern architecture of the nearby buildings. The most prominent features of the building are the four 11 meters high minarets which mark the corners of the upper terrace and the extensive use of white marble on both the paving and the facade.

In addition to three prayer halls and a community hall, there is a medical clinic and a library. The main prayer hall on the first floor can accommodate 1,000 people. A smaller, women's prayer hall is on the upper floor and is surrounded by a terrace. This upper hall is surmounted by a dome 5 meters in diameter and 9 meters in height.

Kowloon Masjid and Islamic Centre at night

Personnel[edit]

The Chief Imam of Hong Kong Mufti Muhammad Arshad (M.A. in Islamic studies) has served as the Imam and Khateeb of this Masjid since 2001. He also teaches the mosque's Arabic language course, and delivers the Friday sermons in Urdu, English and Arabic. He is also responsible for the issuance of fatwa and Quranic Maktabs. In addition, he is an instructor at the Hong Kong Baptist University. He was ranked one of the 500 world's most influential Muslim leaders in 2009.

Maulana Qari Muhammad Tayaib Qasmi is an Islamic scholar who has lived in Hong Kong since 1989. He served as Chief Imam and Khateeb of the Kowloon Mosque till 2001. He has invited many prominent Islamic scholars to Hong Kong from different parts of the world, such as Makki Sahib, Abdul Majeed Nadeem Shah sahib, Imam-e-Kabba, imam Masjid e Nabwi (SAW), Maulana Tariq Jameel, Dr. Tahir ul Qadri and Dr. Murtaza Sahib. Dr. Zakir Naike (Trustee) is currently running seven large Islamic Centres throughout Hong Kong, giving free Quranic education to almost 1500 students including adult students, boys and girls, who study full-time in local schools in Hong Kong. The Masjid is very important to the Islamic community of Hong Kong.

Transportation[edit]

The mosque is located near exit A1 of Tsim Sha Tsui Station (connected to East Tsim Sha Tsui station by underground walkways). It may be reached via the Tsuen Wan Line or the West Rail Line.

There is also a bus stop situated outside the mosque, with buses to various destinations in Kowloon, New Territories and Hong Kong International Airport. This stop is either announced as Kowloon Mosque or Kowloon Park (which is adjacent to the mosque).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Islam and China's Hong Kong: Ethnic Identity, Muslim Networks and the New Silk Road
  2. ^ http://www.islam.org.hk/eng/E-HKmosque.asp
  3. ^ https://openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/bitstream/handle/1887/16773/ISIM_10_Contested_Mosques_in_Hong_Kong.pdf?sequence=1
  4. ^ Paul O'Connor (1 September 2012). Islam in Hong Kong: Muslims and Everyday Life in China's World City. Hong Kong University Press. pp. 102–. ISBN 978-988-8139-57-6.