Kowloon Masjid and Islamic Centre
|Kowloon Mosque and Islamic Centre|
مسجد كاولون والمركز الإسلامي
|Location||105 Nathan Road, Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong|
|Architect(s)||I. M. Kadri|
1896 (original building)|
11 May 1984 (current building)
|Construction cost||HK$ 25 million|
|Dome height (outer)||9 meters|
|Dome dia. (outer)||5 meters|
|Minaret height||11 meters|
Kowloon Masjid and Islamic Centre or Kowloon Mosque and Islamic Centre (Chinese: 九龍清真寺暨伊斯蘭中心; Jyutping: gau2 lung4 ceng1 zan1 zi6 kei3 ji1 si1 laan4 zung1 sam1) is second among five principal mosques constructed in Hong Kong. Located in Kowloon at the corner of Nathan Road and Haiphong Road next to Kowloon Park, the mosque is currently the largest Islamic house of worship in the city. The mosque holds 5 prayers daily and is capable of accommodating up to approximately 3,500 people.
The Kowloon Mosque and Islamic Centre was first established in 1896 by the Hong Kong Regiment, on the site where the Tsim Sha Tsui Police Station now stands. It was originally intended to serve the Indian Muslim troops of the British army stationed at nearby Whitfield Barracks, now the site of the adjacent Kowloon Park.
In the late 1970s, the building suffered structural defects due to the underground construction carried out for the Mass Transit Railway. With the compensation given by Mass Transit Railway Corporation and donations from Muslims, a new Mosque was built and was open on 11 May 1984 on the present site at 105 Nathan Road, Tsim Sha Tsui, to replace the old one.
Currently, the mosque primarily serves Muslims with origin from South Asia and Indonesia. Many of them live around the mosque area nearby Chungking Mansions where ethnic minorities have settled. This also explains why Kowloon Mosque also plays an important role as a cultural site for non-Chinese Muslims in Hong Kong.
The mosque, designed by architect I.M. Kadri, represents the unique identity of the Muslim community in Hong Kong. Decorated and elaborate, the traditional Muslim architecture of the mosque distinguished itself from the rational and modern architecture of the nearby commercial buildings. The most prominent features of the building are the four 11 meters high minarets which mark the corners of the upper terrace and the extensive use of white marble on both the paving and the facade.
In addition to three prayer halls and a community hall, there is a medical clinic and a library. The main prayer hall on the first floor can accommodate 1,000 people. A smaller, women's prayer hall is on the upper floor and is surrounded by a terrace. This upper hall is surmounted by a dome 5 meters in diameter and 9 meters in height.
Chief Imam of Hong Kong Mufti Muhammad Arshad (Master of Arts in Islamic studies) has been serving as Imam and Khateeb of this Masjid since 2001. He also teaches the Arabic language course, and delivers the Friday sermons in Urdu, English and Arabic. He is also responsible for the issuance of fatwa and Quranic Maktabs. He is an Instructor of Baptist University of Hong Kong. He was ranked one of the 500 world's most influential Muslim leader 2009.
Maulana Qari Muhammad Tayaib Qasmi is an Islamic scholar who has lived in Hong Kong since 1989. He served as a Chief Imam and Khateeb of the Kowloon Mosque till 2001. He has invited many prominent Islamic scholars to Hong Kong from different part of the world, among them Makki sahib, Abdul Majeed Nadeem Shah sahib, and Imam-e-Kabba, imam Masjid e Nabwi (SAW). Maulana Tariq Jameel. Dr Tahir ul Qadri. Dr Murtaza Sahib Dr Zakir Naike Trustee is currently running seven large Islamic Centres throughout Hong Kong, giving free Quranic education to almost 1500 students including adult students and boys and girls, who study full-time in local schools in Hong Kong. The Masjid is very important to the community.
- Islam in Hong Kong
- Islamic architecture
- Islamic art
- List of mosques in Hong Kong
- Incorporated Trustees of the Islamic Community Fund of Hong Kong
- Islam and China's Hong Kong: Ethnic Identity, Muslim Networks and the New Silk Road
- Paul O'Connor (1 September 2012). Islam in Hong Kong: Muslims and Everyday Life in China's World City. Hong Kong University Press. pp. 102–. ISBN 978-988-8139-57-6.
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