Kowloon West (constituency)

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This article is about the geographical constituencies of Hong Kong. For the geographical area, see West Kowloon.
Kowloon West
Geographical Constituency
for the Legislative Council of Hong Kong
Outline map
Boundary of Kowloon West in Hong Kong
Region Kowloon
Electorate 488,129[1]
Current constituency
Created 1998
Number of members Six
Member(s) Priscilla Leung (BPA/KWND)
Ann Chiang (DAB)
Claudia Mo (HK First)
Helena Wong (Democratic)
Lau Siu-lai (DG)
Created from Kowloon South-west,
Kowloon West,
Kowloon South,
Kowloon Central

Kowloon West is a geographical constituency of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong. It was established in 1998 following a reform to the electoral system for the Legislative Council of Hong Kong. In the 1998 election there were 3 seats. The number of seats in 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012 and 2016 were 4, 4, 5, 5 and 6 respectively.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency loosely corresponds to the today's districts of Yau Tsim Mong, Sham Shui Po, and Kowloon City.

History[edit]

The constituency was formed since the 1998 legislative election, replacing a number of single-member constituencies in 1995. These were Kowloon West and parts of Kowloon Central in the 1991 election with dual-seat constituency dual vote system and Kowloon Southwest, Kowloon West, Kowloon South, and Kowloon Central in the 1995 election. From 1985 to 1991, the seats were elected by the electoral colleges composed of the members of the district boards and Urban Council.

LegCo members for former Kowloon West constituencies, 1985–1997
1985–1988 Sham Shui Po South Kowloon Kowloon City Part of
Wong Tai Sin
constituency
Chung Pui-lam
(LDF)
Jackie Chan
(Independent)
Daniel Tse
(Independent)
1988–1991 Kingsley Sit
(PHKS)
1991–1995 Kowloon West Kowloon Central
Frederick Fung
(ADPL)
James To
(Democratic)
Lau Chin-shek
(Democratic)
Conrad Lam
(Democratic)
Lee Cheuk-yan
(CTU)
1995–1997 Kowloon West Kowloon
South-west
Kowloon
South
Kowloon
Central
Becoming
Kowloon
North-east
constituency
Frederick Fung
(ADPL)
James To
(Democratic)
Lau Chin-shek
(Democratic)
Bruce Liu
(ADPL)

Returned members[edit]

Below are all the members since the creation of the Kowloon West constituency. The number of seats allocated to Kowloon West has been increased from 3 to 5 between 1998 and 2008 due to the enlargement. Councillors representing this area include:

LegCo members for Kowloon West, 1998 onwards
Term Election Member Member Member Member Member Member
1st 1998 Lau Chin-shek
(CTU)
James To
(Democratic)
Tsang Yok-sing
(DAB)
2nd 2000 Frederick Fung
(ADPL)
3rd 2004
4th 2008 Wong Yuk-man
(Independent)
Starry Lee
(DAB)
Priscilla Leung
(BPA/KWND)
2010 by
5th 2012 Helena Wong
(Democratic)
Ann Chiang
(DAB)
Claudia Mo
(HK First)
6th 2016 Lau Siu-lai
(DG)
Yau Wai-ching
(Youngspiration)
2017 by

Summary of seats won[edit]

1998 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016
Democratic 2 1 1 1 1 1
DAB 1 1 1 1 1 1
CTU 1
ADPL 1 1 1
LSD 1
People Power 1
Civic 1 1
KWND/BPA 1 1
Democracy Groundwork 1
Youngspiration 1
Independent 1 1
Pro-democracy 2 3 3 3 3 4
Pro-Beijing 1 1 1 2 2 2
Seats 3 4 4 5 5 6

Vote share summary[edit]

1998 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016
Democratic 55.1 20.7 26.6 14.4 15.5 9.3
DAB 21.7 23.5 27.1 18.9 20.4 18.8
ADPL 19.3 35.2 26.4 17.2 13.2 5.5
Liberal 2.9 6.3
CTU 20.7
LSD 18.2 2.4
Civic 8.4 16.3 11.6
People Power 16.7
KWND/BPA 14.9 17.8
Democracy Groundwork 13.7
Youngspiration 7.4
PPI 7.3
Third Side 4.8
Independent and Others 1.1 19.9 16.7 1.1
Pro-democrats 74.3 76.5 72.1 64.4 63.1 58.2
Pro-Beijing 21.7 23.5 27.1 35.3 36.9 37.0

Election results[edit]

The largest remainder method (with Hare quota) of the proportional representative electoral system was introduced in 1998, replacing the single-member constituencies of the 1995 election. Elected candidates are shown in bold. Brackets indicate the quota + remainder.

2010s[edit]

2016 LegCo Election Kowloon West.svg
1 1 1 1 1 1
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Vote share

  DAB (18.84%)
  BPA (17.84%)
  DG (13.69%)
  Civic (11.59%)
  Democratic (9.34%)
  Youngspiration (7.40%)
  PPI (7.25%)
  ADPL (5.52%)
  Third Side (4.83%)
  LSD (2.44%)
  Politihk SS (0.34%)
  PVP (0.24%)
  HKLP (0.14%)
  Other (0.53999999999999%)
Legislative Election 2016: Kowloon West
List Candidates Votes % ±
DAB Ann Chiang Lai-wan
Chris Ip Ngo-tung, Samuel Chan Wai-ming, Terence Siu Tin-hung, Allen Cheung Tak-wai
52,541 18.84
(16.67+2.17)
–1.57
BPA (KWND) Leung Mei-fun
Leung Man-kwong, Cho Wui-hung, Kacee Ting Wong, Leung Yuen-ting, Chan Kwok-wai
49,745 17.84
(16.67+1.17)
+2.95
Democracy Groundwork Lau Siu-lai 38,183 13.69 N/A
Civic Claudia Mo Man-ching
Joshua Li Chun-hei
32,323 11.59 –4.75
Democratic Wong Pik-wan
Ramon Yuen Hoi-man, Joshua Fung Man-tao, Chau Man-fong
26,037 9.34 –6.18
Youngspiration Yau Wai-ching 20,643 7.40 N/A
PPI Wong Yuk-man, Ma Yu-sang 20,219 7.25 –9.37
ADPL Tam Kwok-kiu, Yeung Yuk, Wong Wing-kit 15,383 5.52 –7.68
Third Side Tik Chi-yuen, Wong Chun-long, Pang Yi-ting, Chen Lihong 13,461 4.83 N/A
LSD Avery Ng Man-yuen 6,811 2.44 N/A
Politihk SS Kwan San-wai, Ko Chi-keung 938 0.34 N/A
Nonpartisan Augustine Lee Wing-hon, Foo Wai-lok 874 0.31 N/A
Pioneer of Victoria Park Chu Siu-hung 680 0.24 N/A
Independent Lam Yi-lai, Au Wing-ho 634 0.23 –0.14
HKLP Jonathan Ho Chi-kwong 399 0.14 N/A
Total valid votes 278,871 100.00
Rejected ballots 4,883
Turnout 283,754 58.13 +4.24
Registered electors 488,129
2012 LegCo Election Kowloon West.svg
1 1 1 1 1
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Vote share

  DAB (20.41%)
  People Power (16.62%)
  Civic (16.34%)
  Democratic (15.52%)
  KWND (14.89%)
  ADPL (13.20%)
  Other (3.02%)
Legislative Election 2012: Kowloon West
List Candidates Votes % ±
DAB Chiang Lai-wan
Chris Ip Ngo-tung, Vincent Cheng Wing-shun, Chan Wai-ming, Lam Sum-lim
47,363 20.41
(20+0.41)
+1.51
People Power Wong Yuk-man
Yim Tat-ming, Chau Tsun-kiu, Lau Tit-wai
38,578 16.62 −1.58
Civic Claudia Mo Man-ching
Joe Wong Tak-chuen
37,925 16.34 +7.94
Democratic Wong Pik-wan
Cheung Man-kwong, Li Yiu-kee, Yuen Hoi-man, Chong Miu-sheung
36,029 15.52 +1.12
KWND Leung Mei-fun
Yang Wing-kit, Wai Hoi-ying, Leung Man-kwong
34,548 14.89 +5.29
ADPL Tam Kwok-kiu, Liu Sing-lee, Rosanda Mok Ka-han, Wong Chi-yung, Austen Ng Po-shan 30,634 13.20 −4.00
Independent Wong Yee-him 3,746 1.61 N/A
Independent democrat Wong Yat-yuk 2,399 1.03 N/A
Awakening Association Lam Yi-lai, Simon Ho Ka-kuen, Au Wing-ho, Lee Ka-wai 859 0.37 +0.07
Total valid votes 232,081 100.00
Rejected ballots 3,952
Turnout 236,033 53.89 +9.12
Registered electors 437,968
Kowloon West by-election 2010[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
LSD Wong Yuk-man 60,395 67.8
Nonpartisan Pamela Peck Wan-kam 16,640 18.7
Tertiary 2012 Wong Weng-chi 3,429 3.8
Nonpartisan Chiang Sai-cheong 3,109 3.5
Nonpartisan Shea Kai-chuen 2,517 2.8
Nonpartisan Kenneth Cheung Kam-chung 1,869 2.1
Nonpartisan Lam Yi-lai 1,069 1.2
Nonpartisan Kwok Shiu-ming 91 0.1
Majority 43,755 49.1
Total valid votes 89,119 100.0
Rejected ballots 2,682
Turnout 91,801 21.1
Registered electors 434,519
LSD hold Swing

2000s[edit]

2008 LegCo Election Kowloon West.svg
1 1 1 1 1
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Vote share

  DAB (18.9%)
  LSD (18.2%)
  ADPL (17.2%)
  Democratic (14.4%)
  Civic (8.4%)
  Liberal (6.3%)
  Other (16.6%)
Legislative Election 2008: Kowloon West[3]
List Candidates Votes % ±
DAB Starry Lee Wai-king
Chung Kong-mo, Chan Wai-ming, Vincent Cheng Wing-shun
39,013 18.9 −8.2
LSD Wong Yuk-man
Lee Wai-yee
37,553 18.2 N/A
ADPL Frederick Fung Kin-kee
Rosanda Mok Ka-han, Tsung Po-shan, Wong Chi Yung, Yeung Chun-yu
35,440 17.2 −3.3
Democratic James To Kun-sun
Lam Ho-yeung
29,690 14.4 −12.2
Nonpartisan Priscilla Leung Mei-fun
Edward Leung Wai-keun, Aaron Lam Ka-fai
19,914 9.6 N/A
Civic Claudia Mo Man-ching, Ng Yuet-lan, Tang Chi-ying 17,259 8.4 N/A
Liberal Michael Tien Puk-sun, Ho Hin-ming 13,011 6.3 N/A
Nonpartisan Lau Chin-shek 10,553 5.1 N/A
Independent Tam Hoi-pong 1,603 0.8 N/A
Nonpartisan Francis Chong Wing-charn 1,076 0.5 N/A
SDA James Lung Wai-man, Bantawa Sukra 591 0.3 N/A
Nonpartisan Lam Yi-lai 590 0.3 N/A
Nonpartisan Lau Yuk-shing, Nandeed Cheung Kit-fung, David Tsui 290 0.1 N/A
Total valid votes 206,583 100.00
Rejected ballots 1,182
Turnout 207,765 47.18 −7.56
Registered electors 440,335
2004 LegCo Election Kowloon West.svg
1 1 1 1
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Vote share

  DAB (27.1%)
  Democratic (26.6%)
  ADPL (26.4%)
  Other (19.9%)
Legislative Election 2004: Kowloon West[4]
List Candidates Votes % ±
DAB Jasper Tsang Yok-sing
Chung Kong-mo, Starry Lee Wai-king
61,770 27.1
(25+2.13)
+3.6
Democratic James To Kun-sun
Chan Ka-wai, Lam Ho-yeung, Ma Kee
60,539 26.6
(25+1.59)
−14.7
ADPL Frederick Fung Kin-kee 45,649 20.5 −14.7
Nonpartisan Lau Chin-shek 43,460 19.1 N/A
ADPL Liu Sing-lee 13,452 5.9 N/A
Nonpartisan Lau Yuk-shing, Leung Suet-fong, Lau Po-kwan 1,824 0.8 N/A
Turnout 227,694 54.74 +12.60
Total valid votes 227,694 100.00
Rejected ballots 2,368
Turnout 230,062 54.74 +12.60
Registered electors 420,259
2 1 1
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Vote share

  Democratic (41.3%)
  ADPL (35.2%)
  DAB (23.5%)
  Other (0%)
Legislative Election 2000: Kowloon West[5]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Democratic (CTU) Lau Chin-shek, James To Kun-sun 73,540 41.3
(25+16.27)
−13.75
ADPL Frederick Fung Kin-kee
Liu Sing-lee
62,717 35.2
(25+10.2)
+15.95
DAB Jasper Tsang Yok-sing
Chung Kong-mo, Pun Kwok-wah, Wong Wai-chuen
41,942 23.5 +1.77
Total valid votes 178,199 100.00
Rejected ballots 1,447
Turnout 179,646 42.14 –9.09
Registered electors 426,288

1990s[edit]

2 1
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Vote share

  Democratic (55.1%)
  DAB (21.7%)
  ADPL (19.3%)
  Liberal (2.9%)
  Other (1%)
Legislative Election 1998: Kowloon West[6]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Democratic Lau Chin-shek, James To Kun-sun
Eric Wong Chong-ki
113,079 55.05
(33.33+21.72)
DAB Jasper Tsang Yok-sing
Ip Kwok-chung, Wen Choy-bon
44,632 21.73
ADPL Frederick Fung Kin-kee, Liu Sing-lee, Tam Kwok-kiu 39,534 19.25
Liberal Ringo Chiang Sai-cheong, Chan Noi-yue, Edward Li King-wah 5,854 2.85
Atlas Alliance Helen Chung Yee-fong 2,302 1.12
Total valid votes 205,401 100.00
Rejected ballots 1,281
Turnout 206,682 50.23
Registered electors 411,468

1995 Constituencies[edit]

Kowloon Central[edit]

Legislative Election 1995: Kowloon Central[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
ADPL Liu Sing-lee 22,183 57.06
DAB Jasper Tsang Yok-sing 16,691 42.94
Majority 5,492 14.08
ADPL win (new seat)

Kowloon South[edit]

Legislative Election 1995: Kowloon South[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Lau Chin-shek 26,827 69.86
LDF Wong Siu-yee 11,572 30.14
Majority 15,255 39.72
Democratic win (new seat)

Kowloon South-west[edit]

Legislative Election 1995: Kowloon South-west[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic James To Kun-sun 17,731 66.17
ADPL Daniel Wong Kwok-tung 4,929 18.39
Independent Kingsley Sit Ho-yin 2,656 9.91
Independent Helen Chung Yee-fong 1,482 5.53
Majority 12,802 47.78
Democratic win (new seat)

Kowloon West[edit]

Legislative Election 1995: Kowloon West[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
ADPL Frederick Fung Kin-kee 28,996 67.37
Independent Fu Shu-wan 12,264 28.50
Independent Wong Yin-ping 1,778 4.13
Majority 16,732 38.87
ADPL win (new seat)

1991 Constituencies[edit]

Dual-seat constituency dual vote system was used with two seats to be filled in each constituency.

Kowloon Central[edit]

A by-election was held on 5 March 1995 after Lau Chin-shek resigned from his office:

By election, 1995: Kowloon Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
CTU Lee Cheuk-yan uncontested
CTU gain from Democratic Swing
Legislative Election 1991: Kowloon Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
United Democrats Lau Chin-shek 68,489 37.8
United Democrats Conrad Lam Kui-shing 56,084 32.4
FTU Chan Yuen-han 44,894 22.4
Civic Peter Chan Chi-kwan 14,145 7.1
Reform Cecilia Yeung Lai-yin 8,257 4.1
Independent John Dragon Young 6,273 3.1
Independent Justin Cheung Chung-ming 2,158 1.1
Turnout 110,043 38.3
United Democrats win (new seat)
United Democrats win (new seat)

Kowloon West[edit]

Legislative Election 1991: Kowloon West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
ADPL Frederick Fung Kin-kee 36,508 28.9
United Democrats James To Kun-sun 26,352 20.9
Civic Desmond Lee Yu-tai 21,471 17.0
Independent Kingsley Sit Ho-yin 18,634 14.8
ADPL Law Cheung-kwok 17,145 13.6
LDF Ng Kin-sun 6,098 4.8
Turnout 126,208 32.6
ADPL win (new seat)
United Democrats win (new seat)

1985–88 Electoral Colleges[edit]

Kowloon City[edit]

Legislative Election 1988: Kowloon City
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Nonpartisan Daniel Tse Chi-wai uncontested
Nonpartisan hold Swing
Legislative Election 1985: Kowloon City
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Nonpartisan Daniel Tse Chi-wai 13 54.17
PHKS Pao Ping-wing 11 45.83
Civic Peter Chan Chi-kwan 0 0
Nonpartisan win (new seat)

South Kowloon[edit]

Legislative Election 1988: South Kowloon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PHKS Kingsley Sit Ho-yin 12 44.44
PHKS Ng Kin-sun 10 37.04
Nonpartisan Clement Tao Kwok-lau 5 18.52
PHKS gain from Nonpartisan Swing
Legislative Election 1985: South Kowloon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Nonpartisan Jackie Chan Chai-keung 14 51.86
Nonpartisan Ena Yuen Yin-hung 7 25.93
Nonpartisan Jacob Chan Lai-sang 6 22.22
FTU Ip Kwok-chung 0 0
Nonpartisan win (new seat)

Sham Shui Po[edit]

Legislative Election 1988: Sham Shui Po
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PHKS Chung Pui-lam uncontested
PHKS hold Swing
Legislative Election 1985: Sham Shui Po
Party Candidate Votes % ±
PHKS Chung Pui-lam 19 70.37
Nonpartisan Ambrose Cheung Wing-sum 8 29.63
Nonpartisan win (new seat)

See also[edit]

References[edit]