Koy Sanjaq

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Koy Sanjaq
Koye.JPG
Koy Sanjaq is located in Iraq
Koy Sanjaq
Koy Sanjaq
Location in Iraq
Coordinates: 36°04′59″N 44°37′47″E / 36.08306°N 44.62972°E / 36.08306; 44.62972
Country Iraq
Region Kurdistan Region
GovernorateErbil Governorate
DistrictKoy Sinjaq District
Population
 (2013)[1]
 • Total21,026

Koy Sanjaq[nb 1] (Arabic: كويسنجق‎,[2] Hebrew: כוי סנג’ק‎,[3] Kurdish: کۆیە‎, romanized: Koye,[4][5] Syriac: ܟܘܝܐ‎)[6] is a town and district in Erbil Governorate in Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

In the town, there is a Chaldean Catholic church of Mar Yousif, constructed in 1923.[6]

Etymology[edit]

The name of the town is derived from "koy" ("village" in Turkish) and "sanjaq" ("flag" in Turkish), and thus Koy Sanjaq translates to "village of the flag".[7]

History[edit]

According to local tradition, Koy Sanjaq was founded by the son of an Ottoman sultan who planted his flag and established a garrison at the site of a seasonal bazaar after having defeated a rebellion at Baghdad, and developed into a town as locals moved to the settlement to provide services to the soldiers.[7] A Jewish community at Koy Sanjaq is first mentioned in the late 18th century, by which time it was already well established.[7] The community had its own graveyard,[3] and spoke both Jewish Neo-Aramaic and Sorani Kurdish.[8] A small Chaldean Catholic community was established in the town in the 19th century.[9] In 1913, 200 Chaldean Catholics populated Koy Sanjaq, and were served by two priests and one functioning church as part of the archdiocese of Kirkuk.[10]

The Iraqi census of 1947 recorded a total population of 8198 people, with 7746 Muslims, 268 Jews, and 184 Christians.[11] 80-100 Jews from the village of Betwata took refuge in the town for several months in 1950, increasing the size of the local community to 350-400 people, so to accompany the Jews of Koy Sanjaq when they emigrated to Israel in the following year.[11] Koy Sanjaq had a population of 10,379 in 1965.[1] The town was struck by Iranian airstrikes targeting the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) base on 10 November 1994, resulting in the death of a civilian, and wounded three KDP militants.[12] In 1999, Assyrians from the nearby village of Armota protested the construction of a mosque in their village at Koy Sanjaq.[13] Koya University was established in 2003.[14]

35 displaced Assyrian families from Mosul were housed in a converted church building in the town in November 2014, and had not been rehoused as of April 2015.[15] As of March 2018, 60 Assyrian families inhabit Koy Sanjaq.[16] The Assyrian population largely speak Kurdish, but some continue to speak Syriac.[17] An Iranian missile attack on the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan headquarters in the town on 8 September 2018 killed 14 people.[18]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Alternatively transliterated as Kūsanjaq, Koi Sanjaq, Kou Senjaq, Koisanjaq, Köy Sancak, Köi Sanjaq, Kuway Sandjaq, Kou Senjak, Kuysanjaq, Koysancak.[1]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c "Kūsanjaq". World Gazetteer. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  2. ^ "كويسنجق". Ishtar TV (in Arabic). Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Cemetery, Koi Senjaq (Koy Sinjaq), Iraq". Diarna: The Geo-Museum of North African and Middle Eastern Jewish Life. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  4. ^ "The Jerusalem Post: Êrişa Îranê ya li Koye peyamek e ji bo Amerîka, Erebistan û Îsraîlê". Rudaw Media Network (in Kurdish). 10 September 2018. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
  5. ^ "ڕێگای کۆیە - تەقتەق دادەخرێت". Basnews (in Kurdish). 19 December 2019. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Koysenjaq". Ishtar TV. 20 December 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  7. ^ a b c Mutzafi (2004), pp. 1-2.
  8. ^ Mutzafi (2004), p. 5.
  9. ^ Wilmshurst (2000), p. 127.
  10. ^ Wilmshurst (2000), p. 176.
  11. ^ a b Mutzafi (2004), p. 1.
  12. ^ "Iranian Jets Bomb Kurdish Base in Iraq, Killing 1 and Hurting 3". New York Times. 10 November 1994. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  13. ^ Lalik (2018), pp. 236-237.
  14. ^ "The University". Koya University. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  15. ^ "Displaced Christian families in Koya appeal not to be forgotten". World Vision International. 15 April 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  16. ^ "Churches in Koya don't meet needs of Kurdistan's Christians". Rudaw Media Network. 13 March 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  17. ^ Lalik (2018), pp. 235-236.
  18. ^ "Iran rockets Kurdish parties' headquarters in Kurdistan Region's Koya". Rudaw Media Network. 8 September 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2020.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Lalik, Krzysztof (2018). "Ethnic and Religious Factors of Chaldo-Assyrian Identity in an Interface with the Kurds in Iraqi Kurdistan". In Joanna Bocheńska (ed.). Rediscovering Kurdistan’s Cultures and Identities: The Call of the Cricket. Springer.
  • Mutzafi, Hezy (2004). The Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect of Koy Sanjaq (Iraqi Kurdistan). Otto Harrassowitz Verlag.
  • Wilmshurst, David (2000). The Ecclesiastical Organisation of the Church of the East, 1318–1913. Peeters Publishers.

Coordinates: 36°05′N 44°38′E / 36.083°N 44.633°E / 36.083; 44.633