|Region||East of Timbuktu, Gao|
300,000 monolingual (2007)
Koyraboro Senni (Koroboro Senni, Koyra Senni or Gao Senni) is a member of the Songhay languages of Mali and is spoken by some 400,000 people along the Niger River from the town of Gourma-Rharous, east of Timbuktu, through Bourem, Gao and Ansongo to the Mali–Niger border.
Although Koyraboro Senni is associated with settled towns, it is a cosmopolitan language which has spread east and west of Gao, to the Fula people living at the Mali–Niger border and to the Bozo people of the Niger River. East of Timbuktu, Koyra Senni gives way relatively abruptly to the closely related Koyra Chiini.
- /p/ is uncommon, occurring mainly from loanwords.
- /ʔ/ only occurs as a result of unassimilated Arabic words.
- [ʃ ʒ] only occur as a palatalization of fricatives /s z/ preceding front vowels /e i/.
|Close||i iː||u uː|
|Mid||e eː||o oː|
Nasalized realizations of vowel sounds may also occur, but they are rare among different dialects.
- Jeffrey Heath: Grammar of Koyraboro (Koroboro) Senni, the Songhay of Gao. Rüdiger Köppe Verlag, Köln 1999. ISBN 978-3-89645-106-4
|Koyraboro Senni test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator|