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A sign at the entrance to Kozica
|Elevation||350 m (1,150 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Kozica (Italian: Cozizza) is a small village in the Split-Dalmatia County of Croatia. It is in the jurisdiction of Vrgorac, 80 km (50 mi) southeast of Split. It lies just below Sveti Mihovil mountain, which is 1,247 m (4,091 ft) high.
Kozica was first mentioned in documents of the Kreševskoj era in 1434.
Around Kozica there are more than sixteen archeological sites with ancient burials, dated since 1900 B.C. to the late medieval period. In the near area, there are gomile and stećci, evidence of the ancient cattle breeders and warriors.
When Vrgorac capitulated to the Ottoman Empire, Kozica probably fell with the rest of the area. The spread of Islam into the region that came with the arrival of the Ottoman army concerned the occupants of the monastery in Makarska, who began to worry about the residents in Kozica and the surrounding region, fearing that many would convert to Islam.
After the liberation of inner Dalmatia from the Ottoman Empire, most of Kozica and the surrounding villages had been deserted because of the exodus of the populace to the northern regions of Croatia. The Venetian Republic repopulated the area with Herzegovinian people from the east.
The withdrawal of the Ottomans saw the region come under the jurisdiction of the Venetian Republic, then under the rule of Napoleon. A short and prosperous period followed, which included the construction of the "napoleonsku cestu" (Napoleon's road), encouraging travel to the area. With the failure of Napoleon's campaign in Dalmatia, Kozica fell under the rule of Austria-Hungary, and remained so until the end of the First World War.
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (1918–1941) and World War II
Many of Kozica's population bought land near Vrgorac, where they grew their own produce, including olives and grapes; the area acquired a reputation for good wine. The Second World War changed this for the worse.
Kozica has a Sub-Mediterranean climate, but due to its elevation Kozica has its own microclimate which differs from the Dalmatian Coast. Kozica is situated on a plateau in between two mountains, Biokovo and Sveti Mihovil.
Tourism and the economy
Tourism has started in Kozica and it is becoming common for cyclists to tour the region and its rocky landscape. Kozica's natural environment is also an attraction in the summer. Kozica is a small Mediterranean mountain village which is 20 minutes by car from the nearest beach. Kozica is also home to various palm trees and many other types of flora. Tourism in Kozica is expected to increase with the construction of the A1 highway from Zagreb via Split to Dubrovnik. The nearest motorway exit for Kozica is Ravča which is 3–4 km (1.9–2.5 mi) south of Kozica.
History of the number of inhabitants
 There was an increase in population from the 1800s until the Second World War. After 1945 the decrease in population was due to the exodus of people trying to find a better life in the cities or migrating. In recent decades, there was a dramatic drop from previous censuses. Many inhabitants have moved to the seaside, Makarska in particular.
This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Kozica". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
- Klikeri. "Vrgorac - Archeological sites - Split and Dalmatia County Tourist Board". Retrieved 2017-06-29.
- "Ovo je kraj u kojem se događa najveća demografska katastrofa: 'Stvari su nekako i funkcionirale do 1991., ali danas je teško pronaći čovjeka na ulici'". Jutarnji list (in Croatian). 11 May 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- http://www.dzs.hr/Hrv/pxweb2003/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=Tabela4_17&ti=Splitsko-dalmatinska+%9Eupanija+-+broj+stanovnika+po+naseljima+&path=../Database/Naselja%20i%20stanovnistvo%20Republike%20Hrvatske/4%20Stanovnistvo%20naselja/&lang=10[permanent dead link]
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