Distribution and habitat
The birds breed from mid March to late June in the pine forests of Antalya, Turkey. They forage in pairs and when one bird finds food, calls for the other to join. Courtship includes ritual feeding of the female by the male. They nest in decayed cavities or woodpecker holes. Only the female incubates the egg while the male feeds it. Males fluff up their feathers and assume a hunched posture when defending their territory. Fledglings are often seen hanging from branches.
- BirdLife International (2015). "Sitta krueperi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
- Frankis, M.P. 1991. Krueper's Nuthatch Sitta krueperi and Turkish pine Pinus brutia: an evolving association. Sandgrouse 13: 92-97.
- Polivanov, V.M. and Polivanova, N.N. 1986. Sitta krueperi Pelz. Trudy Teberdinsk. Gos. Zapoved. 10: 115-121.
- Albayrak, Tamer, Ali Erdogan (2005) Observations on Some Behaviours of Krueper's Nuthatch (Sitta krueperi), a Little-Known West Palaearctic Bird. Turk J. Zool. 29:177-181
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