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Krampnitz Barracks
Krampnitz Kaserne
Potsdam in Germany
Eingang Offizierskasino Krampnitz 2007.jpg
Entrance into the officers' mess
Coordinates52°27′37″N 13°02′39″E / 52.4602°N 13.0441°E / 52.4602; 13.0441 (Krampnitz Barracks)
Area1,215 km2 (469 sq mi)
Site information
Controlled byNazi Germany Wehrmacht (1937–1945)
Soviet Union Soviet Army (1945–1992)
Site history
Built1937 (1937)
In use1937-1992
Garrison information
Garrison35th Guards Motor Rifle Division
10th Guards Uralsko-Lvovskaya Tank Division
Occupants3000-5000 est.

Krampnitz Kaserne was a military complex, in Fahrland, Potsdam, created by the Germans during the rearmament period. It was used by the Germans until the end of the Second World War. After the war it was used by Soviet troops until its abandonment in 1992.[1]


The site was used by the German army since 1937 when the cavalry school moved from Hannover, under the name Heeres Reit- und Fahrschule und Kavallerieschule Krampnitz (English: Army Riding and Driving School and Cavalry School).[2] It was until the Russians took control of the area, taking over a day after the Germans abandoned it April 26, 1945.[3] The 35th Guards Motor Rifle Division was then stationed there until its abandonment in 1992, after the Dissolution of the Soviet Union.[1] In July 2013, the city of Potsdam officially decided to make it an urban development area,[1] construction has however been delayed, due a large number of bats taking up residence.[4] The development project is headed by Deutsche Wohnen.[5]


Abandoned apartment buildings

The whole complex consists of more than 50 buildings, most of which are apartment buildings and storage, though it also includes an officers' club, a Tennis court, theatre and more. Movies such as Enemy at the Gates, Inglourious Basterds, The Monuments Men, and Valkyrie shot some scenes here.[6]


  1. ^ a b c City of Potsdam. "Former Barracks Krampnitz". Potsdam (in German). Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  2. ^ Ritter, Thomas (2009). "Military Riding Institute Hannover 1.0". Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-08-26. Retrieved 2012-09-09.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Straube, Peer (1 February 2016). "4000 People Left - Bats Moved In". Der Tagesspiegel (in German). Der Tagesspiegel. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  5. ^ "More than 'only' new housing". Deutsche Wohnen. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  6. ^ Maeck, Stefanie (8 March 2016). "Ghost barracks for Hollywood". Spiegel Online (in German). Der Spiegel. Retrieved 13 December 2016.

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