Krampnitz

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Krampnitz Barracks
Krampnitz Kaserne
Potsdam in Germany
Coordinates 52°27′37″N 13°02′39″E / 52.4602°N 13.0441°E / 52.4602; 13.0441 (Krampnitz Barracks)
Type Barracks
Area 1,215 km2 (469 sq mi)
Site information
Controlled by

Nazi Germany Wehrmacht (1937–1945)

Soviet Union Soviet Army (1945–1992)
Condition Ruin
Site history
Built 1937 (1937)
In use 1937-1992
Materials Concrete
Fate Abandoned
Garrison information
Garrison 35th Guards Motor Rifle Division
10th Guards Uralsko-Lvovskaya Tank Division
Occupants 3000-5000 est.

Krampnitz Kaserne was a military complex, in Fahrland, Potsdam, created by the Germans during the rearmament period. It was used by the Germans until the end of the Second World War. After the war it was used by Soviet troops until its abandonment in 1992.[1]

History[edit]

The site was used by the German army since 1937 when the cavalry school moved from Hannover, under the name Heeres Reit- und Fahrschule und Kavallerieschule Krampnitz (English: Army Riding and Driving School and Cavalry School).[2] It was until the Russians took control of the area, taking over a day after the Germans abandoned it April 26, 1945.[3] The 35th Guards Motor Rifle Division was then stationed there until its abandonment in 1992, after the Dissolution of the Soviet Union.[1] In July 2013, the city of Potsdam officially decided to make it an urban development area,[1] construction has however been delayed, due a large number of bats taking up residence.[4]

Layout[edit]

The whole complex consists of more than 50 buildings, most of which are apartment buildings and storage, though it also includes an officers' club, a Tennis court, theatre and more. Movies such as Enemy at the Gates, Inglourious Basterds, The Monuments Men, and Valkyrie shot some scenes here.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c City of Potsdam. "Former Barracks Krampnitz". Potsdam (in German). Retrieved 31 January 2017. 
  2. ^ Ritter, Thomas (2009). "Military Riding Institute Hannover 1.0". ArtisticDressage.com. Retrieved 13 December 2016. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-08-26. Retrieved 2012-09-09. 
  4. ^ Straube, Peer (1 February 2016). "4000 People Left - Bats Moved In". Der Tagesspiegel (in German). Der Tagesspiegel. Retrieved 31 January 2017. 
  5. ^ Maeck, Stefanie (8 March 2016). "Ghost barracks for Hollywood". Spiegel Online (in German). Der Spiegel. Retrieved 13 December 2016.