Town of Krapina
Top: View on Krapina; Bottom: Town center
|• Mayor||Zoran Gregurović (HDZ)|
|• City Council|
|• Town||47.53 km2 (18.35 sq mi)|
|Elevation||203 m (666 ft)|
|• Density||260/km2 (680/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (Central European Time)|
|Area code(s)||+385 49|
Krapina (Croatian pronunciation: [krâpina]) is a town in northern Croatia and the administrative centre of Krapina-Zagorje County with a population of 4,482 (2011) and a total municipality population of 12,480 (2011). Krapina is located in the hilly Zagorje region of Croatia, approximately 55 km (34 mi) away from both Zagreb and Varaždin.
The following settlements comprise the Krapina municipality:
- Bobovje, population 510
- Doliće, population 436
- Donja Šemnica, population 912
- Gornja Pačetina, population 404
- Krapina, population 4,471
- Lazi Krapinski, population 79
- Lepajci, population 391
- Mihaljekov Jarek, population 469
- Podgora Krapinska, population 565
- Polje Krapinsko, population 666
- Pretkovec, population 66
- Pristava Krapinska, population 214
- Strahinje, population 328
- Straža Krapinska, population 42
- Škarićevo, population 707
- Šušelj Brijeg, population 4
- Tkalci, population 432
- Trški Vrh, population 399
- Velika Ves, population 727
- Vidovec Krapinski, population 215
- Vidovec Petrovski, population 101
- Zagora, population 94
- Žutnica, population 248
Krapina has been known since 1193. It has always been a favorite site for castles and country houses of Croatian and Hungarian rulers.
In the first half of the 15th century, it was an important center of the Counts of Celje, who additionally fortified the town and expanded the nearby castle. Later, it came in the possession of the Keglević family.
The half-cave in Krapina was soon listed among the world`s science localities as a rich fossil finding site, where the largest and richest collection of the Neanderthal man had ever been found. In the sandy deposits of the cave about nine hundred remains of fossilised human bones were found - the fossil remains belonged to several dozen different individuals, of different sex, from 2 to 40 years of age.
At the site where the Neanderthals remains were discovered there is now a state-of-the-art Neanderthal museum which also includes an extensive section on evolution, making it one of the most interesting evolutionary museums in Europe. It is surrounded by a park with many statues of Neanderthals and the game they hunted, a bear, a moose and a beaver set in the actual locations. There is also a nearby municipality of Krapinske Toplice (Krapina spa) with numerous thermal springs and spa tourist infrastructure. Krapina is also the birthplace of the linguist and language reformer Ljudevit Gaj. His home is now a museum where visitors can learn about his life and work.
- "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Krapina". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
- "Hrvatski jezični portal". Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- Frayer, David W.; Radovčić, Jakov; Sršen, Ankica Oros; Radovčić, Davorka (11 March 2015). "Evidence for Neandertal Jewelry: Modified White-Tailed Eagle Claws at Krapina". PLOS ONE. 10 (3): e0119802. Bibcode:2015PLoSO..1019802R. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0119802. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 4356571. PMID 25760648.
- Official Website of Kajkavske popevke
- "Muzej krapinskih neanadertalaca". Mkn.mhz.hr. 2010-02-27. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
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