Krasin (1976 icebreaker)

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For another ship of the same name, see Krasin (1917 icebreaker). For the Polish village, see Krasin, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship.
NSF picture of Krasin on its way to McMurdo.jpg
NSF picture of Russian icebreaker Krasin on its way to McMurdo Sound, Antarctica
Career (Russia)  Russia
Name: Krasin
Namesake: Leonid Borisovich Krasin
Owner: Far East Shipping Company (FESCO)[1][2]
Port of registry: Vladivostok,  Russia[3]
Builder: Helsinki New Shipyard, Helsinki, Finland
Yard number: 400[3]
Completed: 28 April 1976[3]
Identification: Call sign: UIFY[3]
IMO number: 7359644[3]
MMSI number: 273143900[1]
Status: In service
General characteristics [3]
Type: Icebreaker
Tonnage: 14,508 GT
4,217 NT
7,554 DWT
Displacement: 20,247 tons
Length: LOA 134.84 m (442.4 ft)
LBP 129.81 m (425.9 ft)
Beam: 25.97 m (85.2 ft) (moulded)
26.05 m (85.5 ft) (max)
Height: 45.60 m (149.6 ft) from keel[2]
Draft: 11.00 m (36.09 ft)
Depth: 16.71 m (54.8 ft)
Ice class: LL2
Main engines: 9 × Wärtsilä-Sulzer 12ZH40/48 (9 × 3,385 kW)
Propulsion: 3 × Strömberg DC motors (3 × 8,820 kW)
Three fixed pitch propellers
Speed: 20.30 knots (37.60 km/h; 23.36 mph) (max)
19.8 knots (36.7 km/h; 22.8 mph) (service)[2]
2 knots (3.7 km/h; 2.3 mph) in 1.8 m (5.9 ft) level ice[4]
Aviation facilities: Helipad and hangar[2]

The Krasin (Russian: Красин) is a Russian (formerly Soviet) icebreaker. The vessel operates in polar regions.

History[edit]

The ship was built at the Helsinki New Shipyard in Helsinki, Finland in 1976.[2] Named after an early Bolshevik leader and Soviet diplomat Leonid Krasin and an earlier icebreaker of the same name.

Design[edit]

The second Krasin is a triple-screw diesel-powered icebreaker owned by the Far East Shipping Company (FESCO) and is based in Vladivostok. The hull has a friction-reducing coating.[5]

Krasin can break ice six feet thick.[6]

Service[edit]

During the 2004-2005 season (Operation Deep Freeze 2005), the United States Antarctic Program hired the Krasin as a secondary vessel to help clear a channel to McMurdo Station[7] because the Coast Guard icebreaker Polar Star faced a record 90+ mile cut through fast ice. The Krasin departed Vladivostok on December 21, 2004 and arrived at the Ross Sea ice edge one month later.[6][8]

The Krasin departed the Ross Sea on the 9th of February, reaching Vladivostok on March 5, 2005. She is unlikely to return to the Antarctic as FESCO have signed a multi-year contract for Krasin to support oil rig operations in the Sea of Okhotsk from March 2005 onwards.[6] Along with her sister ship Icebreaker Admiral Makarov, Krasin has been providing winter escort to large capacity tankers from the port of De-Castri (Khabarovsk) as part of the Sakhalin-I project.[9] During the summer months she provides escort on the Northern Sea Route to the Eastern sector of Arctic servicing sea terminals of North Chukotka.[10]

See also[edit]

She is one of four large icebreakers operated by the Far East Shipping Company:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Krasin (7359644)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. Retrieved 2011-10-13. (registration required (help)). 
  2. ^ a b c d e "FESCO vessels: Krasin". Fesco Transport Group. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Krasin (740150)". Register of ships. Russian Maritime Register of Shipping. Retrieved 2012-10-28. 
  4. ^ The world icebreaker, ice breaking supply and research vessel fleet. Baltic Ice Management, February 2011. Retrieved on 2011-10-07.
  5. ^ "Ship Resupply 2005/2006" (PDF). U.S. Antarctic Program. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  6. ^ a b c "Krasin". Antarctic Philately. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  7. ^ "Russian Ice-Breaker Krasin Heading for Antarctic to Rescue U.S. Polar Station McMurdo". Russian Embassy Press Release. 2004-12-21. Retrieved 2008-07-20. [dead link]
  8. ^ "U.S., Russian icebreakers open path to Antarctic base". USA Today. February 6, 2005. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  9. ^ "Ice Breakers left Vladivostok for Sakhalin Coast". Vladivostok Times. December 24, 2006. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  10. ^ "Icebreaker the Krasin pursued to East Arctic". FESCO. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 

External links[edit]