Krasin (1976 icebreaker)

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For another ship of the same name, see Krasin (1917 icebreaker). For the Polish village, see Krasin, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship.
NSF picture of Krasin on its way to McMurdo.jpg
NSF picture of Russian icebreaker Krasin on its way to McMurdo Sound, Antarctica
History
 RussiaRussia
Name: Krasin
Namesake: Leonid Borisovich Krasin
Owner: Far East Shipping Company (FESCO)[1][2]
Port of registry: Vladivostok,  Russia[3]
Builder: Wärtsilä Helsinki Shipyard, Helsinki, Finland
Yard number: 400[3]
Completed: 28 April 1976[3]
Identification:
Status: In service
General characteristics [3]
Type: Icebreaker
Tonnage:
Displacement: 20,247 tons
Length: 134.84 m (442.4 ft) (overall)
Beam:
  • 25.97 m (85.2 ft) (moulded)
  • 26.05 m (85.5 ft) (max)
Height: 45.60 m (149.6 ft) from keel[2]
Draft: 11.00 m (36.09 ft)
Depth: 16.71 m (54.8 ft)
Ice class: LL2
Installed power: 9 × Wärtsilä-Sulzer 12ZH40/48 (9 × 3,385 kW)
Propulsion:
  • 3 × Strömberg DC motors (3 × 8,820 kW)
  • Three fixed pitch propellers
Speed:
  • 20.30 knots (37.60 km/h; 23.36 mph) (max)
  • 19.8 knots (36.7 km/h; 22.8 mph) (service)[2]
  • 2 knots (3.7 km/h; 2.3 mph) in 1.8 m (5.9 ft) level ice[4]
Aviation facilities: Helipad and hangar[2]

The Krasin (Russian: Красин) is a Russian (formerly Soviet) icebreaker. The vessel operates in polar regions.

History[edit]

The ship was built at the Wärtsilä Helsinki Shipyard in Helsinki, Finland in 1976.[2] Named after an early Bolshevik leader and Soviet diplomat Leonid Krasin and an earlier icebreaker of the same name.

Design[edit]

The second Krasin is a triple-screw diesel-powered icebreaker owned by the Far East Shipping Company (FESCO) and is based in Vladivostok. The hull has a friction-reducing coating.[5]

Krasin can break ice 6 feet (2 m) thick.[6]

Service[edit]

During the 2004-2005 season (Operation Deep Freeze 2005), the United States Antarctic Program hired the Krasin as a secondary vessel to help clear a channel to McMurdo Station[7] because the Coast Guard icebreaker Polar Star faced a record cut through fast ice of more than 90 miles (140 km). The Krasin departed Vladivostok on December 21, 2004 and arrived at the Ross Sea ice edge one month later.[6][8]

The Krasin departed the Ross Sea on the 9th of February, reaching Vladivostok on March 5, 2005. She is unlikely to return to the Antarctic as FESCO have signed a multi-year contract for Krasin to support oil rig operations in the Sea of Okhotsk from March 2005 onwards.[6] Along with her sister ship Icebreaker Admiral Makarov, Krasin has been providing winter escort to large capacity tankers from the port of De-Castri (Khabarovsk) as part of the Sakhalin-I project.[9] During the summer months she provides escort on the Northern Sea Route to the Eastern sector of Arctic servicing sea terminals of North Chukotka.[10]

See also[edit]

She is one of four large icebreakers operated by the Far East Shipping Company:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Krasin (7359644)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. Retrieved 2011-10-13. (registration required (help)). 
  2. ^ a b c d e "FESCO vessels: Krasin". Fesco Transport Group. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Krasin (740150)". Register of ships. Russian Maritime Register of Shipping. Retrieved 2012-10-28. 
  4. ^ The world icebreaker, ice breaking supply and research vessel fleet Archived April 24, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.. Baltic Ice Management, February 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
  5. ^ "Ship Resupply 2005/2006" (PDF). U.S. Antarctic Program. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  6. ^ a b c "Krasin". Antarctic Philately. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  7. ^ "Russian Ice-Breaker Krasin Heading for Antarctic to Rescue U.S. Polar Station McMurdo". Russian Embassy Press Release. 2004-12-21. Retrieved 2008-07-20. [dead link]
  8. ^ "U.S., Russian icebreakers open path to Antarctic base". USA Today. February 6, 2005. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  9. ^ "Ice Breakers left Vladivostok for Sakhalin Coast". Vladivostok Times. December 24, 2006. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  10. ^ "Icebreaker the Krasin pursued to East Arctic". FESCO. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 

External links[edit]