Krasin (1976 icebreaker)
NSF picture of Russian icebreaker Krasin on its way to McMurdo Sound, Antarctica
|Namesake:||Leonid Borisovich Krasin|
|Owner:||Far East Shipping Company (FESCO)|
|Port of registry:||Vladivostok, Russia|
|Builder:||Wärtsilä Helsinki Shipyard, Helsinki, Finland|
|Completed:||28 April 1976|
|General characteristics |
|Length:||134.84 m (442.4 ft) (overall)|
|Height:||45.60 m (149.6 ft) from keel|
|Draft:||11.00 m (36.09 ft)|
|Depth:||16.71 m (54.8 ft)|
|Installed power:||9 × Wärtsilä-Sulzer 12ZH40/48 (9 × 3,385 kW)|
|Aviation facilities:||Helipad and hangar|
The ship was built at the Wärtsilä Helsinki Shipyard in Helsinki, Finland in 1976. Named after an early Bolshevik leader and Soviet diplomat Leonid Krasin and an earlier icebreaker of the same name.
Krasin can break ice 6 feet (2 m) thick.
During the 2004-2005 season (Operation Deep Freeze 2005), the United States Antarctic Program hired the Krasin as a secondary vessel to help clear a channel to McMurdo Station because the Coast Guard icebreaker Polar Star faced a record cut through fast ice of more than 90 miles (140 km). The Krasin departed Vladivostok on December 21, 2004 and arrived at the Ross Sea ice edge one month later.
The Krasin departed the Ross Sea on the 9th of February, reaching Vladivostok on March 5, 2005. She is unlikely to return to the Antarctic as FESCO have signed a multi-year contract for Krasin to support oil rig operations in the Sea of Okhotsk from March 2005 onwards. Along with her sister ship Icebreaker Admiral Makarov, Krasin has been providing winter escort to large capacity tankers from the port of De-Kastri (Khabarovsk) as part of the Sakhalin-I project. During the summer months she provides escort on the Northern Sea Route to the Eastern sector of Arctic servicing sea terminals of North Chukotka.
She is one of four large icebreakers operated by the Far East Shipping Company:
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- "Ship Resupply 2005/2006" (PDF). U.S. Antarctic Program. Retrieved 2008-07-20.
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- "Russian Ice-Breaker Krasin Heading for Antarctic to Rescue U.S. Polar Station McMurdo". Russian Embassy Press Release. 2004-12-21. Archived from the original on 2005-02-17. Retrieved 2008-07-20.
- "U.S., Russian icebreakers open path to Antarctic base". USA Today. February 6, 2005. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
- "Ice Breakers left Vladivostok for Sakhalin Coast". Vladivostok Times. December 24, 2006. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved 2008-07-20.
- "Icebreaker the Krasin pursued to East Arctic". FESCO. Archived from the original on 2011-10-02. Retrieved 2008-07-20.
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