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Downtown Krasnoarmijsk
Downtown Krasnoarmijsk
Flag of Krasnoarmiysk
Official seal of Krasnoarmiysk
Krasnoarmiysk is located in Donetsk Oblast
Coordinates: 48°16′58″N 37°10′58″E / 48.28278°N 37.18278°E / 48.28278; 37.18278Coordinates: 48°16′58″N 37°10′58″E / 48.28278°N 37.18278°E / 48.28278; 37.18278
Country Ukraine
Oblast Donetsk
Founded 1880
 • Total 29.7 km2 (11.5 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 64,895

Krasnoarmiysk (Ukrainian: Красноармі́йськ; Russian: Красноарме́йск, Krasnoarmeysk; until 1938: Russian: Гришино; translit. Grishino) is a city in Donetsk Oblast (province), Ukraine. Administratively, it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. It serves as the administrative center of the Krasnoarmiisk Raion, though it is not a part of the raion. Population: 64,895 (2013 est.)[1]; 69,200 (2001).


Krasnoarmiisk railway station
Apartment blocks in Krasnoarmijsk
A grove in central Krasnoarmijsk
Krasnoarmiisk church

Krasnoarmiisk city was founded in 1875 by the decision of the Ministry of Railways of the Russian Empire. In rural communities Grishensky Bakhmutsky county Ekaterinoslavskaya province was purchased land for the construction of the railway station. Then the village Grishino employs two thousand inhabitants.

Six years later, in 1881, there emerged a locomotive depot, which became one of the main locomotive repair companies Ekaterinoslavskaya railway. Two years later, in 1883, increased the station building, the central portion of which survives to this day. Finally, in May 1884, through the station first went Grishino train.

With the development of the railway station and Grishino grew, there were new businesses, and in particular began to develop deposits of underground minerals. Was first coal mines. Already by 1913, the population Grishino station has more than doubled and amounted to about 4.5 thousand people.

Having survived the hard times revolutionary, Russian civil war Grishino station continues to build momentum and by 1925 at full power earned locomotive depot, brick factory, six mines Grishensky Mining Administration. And changed the name of the station - in 1934 on Postyshevo in honor of P. Postyshev, and in 1938, together with the assignment of the status of the city became known as Postyshevo Krasnoarmeyskoe.

World War II placed a heavy burden on the shoulders of the population of the city. The first axis forces to arrive were Italians, followed by the Germans. The Soviet commanders had retreated prior to the arrival of these forces, having executed many young men in order to "avoid handing them over to the enemy". The German forces proceeded to extract and transfer many civilians by train to forced labor camps in Austria. With honor residents defended their hometown. 8295 Soviet soldiers perished on the battlefield, 4788 residents killed in WWII.

In the 1950s, in the post-war period, the city saw a large industrial and residential construction.

In the War in Donbass (that started in the spring of 2014) the city is near the frontline with the separatists Donetsk People's Republic.[2]


According to 2001 Census data, the breakdown by ethnicity is: [3]

Population Percentage, %
Ukrainian 62 158 75,0
Russian 18 299 22,1
Belarusian 558 0,7
Armenian 307 0,4
Azerbaijani 215 0,3

Population history[4]

Year Population
1923 8 203
1926 11 335
1939 29 617
1959 47 974
1970 55 044
1979 59 864
1989 72 859
2001 69 154
2014 64 533

Native language per Ukrainian Census of 2001:[5]


External links[edit]