Krasnohrad

Coordinates: 49°22′00″N 35°27′00″E / 49.36667°N 35.45000°E / 49.36667; 35.45000
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Krasnohrad
Красноград
Flag of Krasnohrad
Coat of arms of Krasnohrad
Krasnohrad is located in Kharkiv Oblast
Krasnohrad
Krasnohrad
Location of Krasnohrad
Krasnohrad is located in Ukraine
Krasnohrad
Krasnohrad
Krasnohrad (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 49°22′00″N 35°27′00″E / 49.36667°N 35.45000°E / 49.36667; 35.45000
Country Ukraine
OblastKharkiv Oblast
RaionKrasnohrad Raion
HromadaKrasnohrad urban hromada
Area
 • Total13.55 km2 (5.23 sq mi)
Population
 (2022)
 • Total19,674
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EET)
Websitewww.krasnograd.com.ua
Map

Krasnohrad (Ukrainian: Красногра́д, IPA: [krɐsnoˈɦrɑd]), also known as Krasnograd[1] is a city in Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine. From 1784 to 1922, it was known as Kostiantynohrad or Konstantingrad. It serves as the administrative center of Krasnohrad Raion. Krasnohrad hosts the administration of Krasnohrad urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.[2] In 2022, the population was estimated to be 19,674 (2022 estimate).[3]

History[edit]

The city of Krasnohrad was founded as a Bilevska fortress in 1731–1733,[4] as part of the Ukrainian line defence fortifications, which ran from the Dnieper to the Donets. In 1784, the fortress was renamed Kostyantynohrad after/in honour of Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich of Russia.[4] In 1797, it received city status. In 1922, Kostyantynohrad was renamed Krasnohrad during a "de-imperialization" drive carried out by the Soviet Union.[4][5]

In 2023 the working group of the National Commission on State Language Standards [uk] included Krasnohrad in the list of settlements in Ukraine that contain words with the root "krasn" ("red", the national colour of the Soviet Union) and can be renamed as part of decommunization derussification campaigns in Ukraine.[4] Late August 2023 the Krasnohrad City Council initiated a public voting on renaming the city.[4]

It is located on the Berestova River 101 kilometres (63 mi) to the south of the city of Kharkiv. In 2021 about 20,000 people lived in the city.[4]

Population[edit]

Language[edit]

Distribution of the population by native language according to the 2001 census:[6]

Language Percentage
Ukrainian 77.78%
Russian 21.52%
other/undecided 0.7%

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Krasnohrad (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −2.0
(28.4)
−1.3
(29.7)
4.8
(40.6)
14.5
(58.1)
21.4
(70.5)
24.8
(76.6)
26.9
(80.4)
26.4
(79.5)
20.2
(68.4)
12.6
(54.7)
4.1
(39.4)
−0.8
(30.6)
12.6
(54.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.5
(23.9)
−4.3
(24.3)
1.0
(33.8)
9.3
(48.7)
15.8
(60.4)
19.3
(66.7)
21.3
(70.3)
20.5
(68.9)
14.8
(58.6)
8.2
(46.8)
1.2
(34.2)
−3.3
(26.1)
8.3
(46.9)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −6.9
(19.6)
−7.2
(19.0)
−2.2
(28.0)
4.7
(40.5)
10.3
(50.5)
14.1
(57.4)
16.1
(61.0)
15.1
(59.2)
10.1
(50.2)
4.5
(40.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
−5.7
(21.7)
4.3
(39.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 43.1
(1.70)
35.6
(1.40)
39.9
(1.57)
42.3
(1.67)
53.1
(2.09)
69.7
(2.74)
63.7
(2.51)
46.7
(1.84)
52.9
(2.08)
43.4
(1.71)
45.4
(1.79)
40.9
(1.61)
576.7
(22.70)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 8.9 7.6 8.2 7.0 7.6 8.3 7.6 5.2 6.4 6.2 7.5 8.2 88.7
Average relative humidity (%) 86.3 83.3 78.1 66.0 60.9 66.0 66.1 62.5 69.8 77.3 86.1 87.2 74.1
Source: World Meteorological Organization[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The city is known by various names:
    • Krasnograd fortress (Красноград) (1731-1784)
    • Konstantinograd fortress (Константиноград) (1784-1922)
    • city of Konstantinograd (1922-1943)
  2. ^ "Красноградская городская громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  3. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022] (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 July 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Voting on renaming Krasnograd has started". SQ.com (in Ukrainian). 30 August 2023. Retrieved 30 August 2023.
  5. ^ "In Krasnohrad, Kharkiv Oblast, the city council voted against renaming the city". Ukrinform (in Ukrainian). 3 November 2023. Retrieved 16 November 2023.
  6. ^ https://socialdata.org.ua/projects/mova-2001/
  7. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1981–2010". World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 18 July 2021.